Based at Essex the ECPR is an independent, scholarly association, which supports and encourages the training, research and cross-national cooperation of political scientists in institutions throughout Europe and beyond.
Including the IPSA Portal gateway to top political science websites, its Paper Room of conference papers (since 2006), various research committees focusing on specific aspects of political science, and online courses (MOOCs).
ISA promotes the study of international relations. Provides free access to many of its annual conference papers since 2000
Useful portal maintained by the University of Michigan to official gazettes from countries around the world
Access to over 25 000 policy documents from free market research institutes. Portal maintained by the Heartland Institute
Run by Pennsylvania University, includes the Global Go To Think Tanks Index (an annual report ranking think tanks around the world)
Independent policy watchdog that monitors the work of the UN and scrutinises global policymaking
PART TWO : ARRANGEMENT BY COUNTRY OR REGION
Available in full text through the National Archives website
The official government information & public services website (replaces Directgov). Extensive list of
can be refined by dept. or parliamentary paper status. Also see its E-Petitions section
For historical information try the UK Government Web Archive hosted by the National Archives (includes Twitter archive)
House of Commons debates from 1988- and House of Lords from 1995/96- from the official Parliament website. For the period 1803-2005 see the very useful Hansard Corpus, which offers advanced semantic searching, and the same period is also covered by the House libraries - Debates 1803-2005
The full text of Research Papers from 1998, compiled for Members of Parliament by the staff of the House of Commons Library.
Official home of UK legislation, including all legislation from 1988- onwards.
Official archive of the UK government, home to over 1000 years of historical records, including the Cabinet Papers 1915-1980
Full text access to parliamentary papers (Command Papers, House of Commons and House of Lords Papers, Bills, Explanatory Notes, Public Bill and Standing Committee Debates) for the 2006/07 session onwards. For earlier papers see UK Parliamentary Papers
Useful listing maintained by LSE Library for keeping up to date with government & other publications
Northern Ireland Parliamentary Papers Online, 1921-1972 - free access to full text government reports relating to Northern Ireland. Organised by the Queen's University Belfast, the database may be searched by keyword or browsed by subject and date indexes.
The official government website
Full text access to UK official publications 1688-2003/04. For more recent papers see Public Information Online
Organisation (and register) of the lobbying industry
Independent think tank focusing on issues of identity, integration, migration & opportunity
Campaigns against European federalism and centralisation. Pro Brexit
Promotes the involvement of women in parliament & other political institutions.
Centre-Left pressure group, with historic links to the Labour Party
Independent educational foundation working for constitutional reform since 2009
Academic research based at UCL
Independent research organisation (largely funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation) investigating the state of democracy & human rights in the UK
"The think tank for everyday democracy". Full-text of most of its publications are available.
Leading cross-party pro-EU organisation, dates back to 1948
Venerable left-leaning think tank, aligned with the Labour Party. Extensive Fabian Society Online Archive of its publications is maintained by LSE, including the majority of Fabian Tracts 1884-1997
Research institute studying the interaction between regional, national,
European, and world levels of government, with a focus on Britain
& the EU.
Independent charity promoting parliamentary democracy. Notable for its annual survey (1994-) of public opinion on politics - Audit of political engagement
Offers an historical approach to public policy
Scrutinises the expenses claims of MPs
Respected organisation, see especially its Paragon Initiative - a 5 year study of UK public policy from 2015-
Independent charity aiming to improve the effectiveness of UK government. See especially its Whitehall Monitor annual report
Well established "independent, radical & progressive" think tank. Full text of many publications available
Includes free access to some very useful publications on the state of democracy, political participation, and citizenship in the UK
Independent think tank established in 2002, conducts research into all aspects of public services policy in the UK. Generally advocates reduced state interference and strengthened community involvement. Free access to its pamphlets and reports
Progressive think tank based in London. International outlook, but main focus on UK & Europe. Free access to publications
Independent think tank aiming to reform public services. See its State of the State reports (with Deloitte) on the public sector, annual 2013-
Monitors & exposes those who use lobbying and PR to distort political debate & undermine democracy
ESRC funded initiative based at King's College London, promoting impartial research on all aspects of the UK's relations with Europe
Project to provide insight on the UK political landscape through analysis of its online presence & structure, starting with the Brexit issue
Formed in 2007 from Charter 88 and New Politics Network, campaigns for political & constitutional reform
Useful resource from Swansea University, offering listing major speeches (mostly by party leaders) since 1895, with transcripts of many
The Bodleian Library holds the Conservative Party Archives
Archives held by the People's History Museum
Archives of the Social Democratic Party (SDP), which merged with the Liberals to form the Liberal Democrats, held by Albert Sloman Library, University of Essex
SOURCE GUIDES FOR UK POLITICAL RESEARCH
Cook, Chris. Sources in British political history, 1900-1951. 6 vols.
London : Macmillan, 1975-1985.
Cook, Chris. Routledge guide to British political archives : sources since 1945. London : Routledge, 2006. CD 1041.R6 and Online
Website of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly
Independent think tank
For information & sources on the N. Ireland
CAIN Web Service guide to websites
Divided Society : Northern Ireland 1990-1998 (Linen Hall) offers much digital material
Accounts of the Conflict (Ulster University) digitised oral histories
Maintained by Queen's University Belfast
Set up by ScotCen Social Research to look at Scottish public opinion on how the constituent parts of the UK should be governed
Digitised pamphlets from the 1975 & 2016 referendum campaigns. See also the blog from LSE's Heather Dawson for current awareness
Web archive collected by UCLA
See also the think tanks & organisations listed under UK
Maintained by the University of Pittsburgh. Includes EU documents, journal articles and research papers
Surveys of party positions on European integration, ideology & policy issues. First survey in 1999, now repeated every 4 years. Includes all EU countries plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, with separate surveys for Balkan candidate countries.
Independent organisation exposing the power of corporate lobbying in the EU policy making arena
Free access to the full text of all EU publications since 1952
Official EU legal portal. Full text of the Official journal, treaties, etc.
Official gateway to the European Union
See its Foreign Policy Scorecard which attempts to measure European success in the foreign relations arena
Major US scholarly association involved in the study of the EU.
Website analysing twitter use by MEPs
Branch of the OSCE, involved with election observation, democratic development, human rights, tolerance and non-discrimination, and rule of law
Respected free news service from Dod's
EU funded project investigating electoral democracy in the EU
Well established online magazine, continuation of European Voice (held by library in print form)
Monthly publication from the Library of the Council of the EU summarising research on EU issues
Extensive database from Nottingham University on the composition (cabinets & party systems primarily) of European governments 1848-
SOURCE GUIDES FOR EUROPEAN POLITICAL RESEARCH
Cook, Chris. Routledge guide to European political archives : sources
since 1945. London : Routledge, 2012.
CD 1002 and Online
Cook, Chris. Sources in European political history. London : Macmillan, 1987-1991. 3 vols. Z 2000
Full text historical materials from the French parliament, including parliamentary debates from 1957 onwards (Les comptes rendus des debats de la IVe Republique (1er et 2 juin 1958- ); index general des travaux legislatifs en seance et en commission (1986-). Other features of the site include the full text of the current and historic French constitution; biographical information and listings of all French MPs since 1789 (Base de donnees historiques : Les deputes francais depuis 1789 ); notices et portraits des femmes deputees depuis 1945.
Project of the Konrad Adenaeur Stiftung
Aims to provide full text access to official papers from 1919 onwards.
Dataset covering all national public organizations since 1922, including government departments, state agencies and state-owned enterprises free registration required for full access
An independent US-based body focusing on US foreign policy, and publisher of the influential journal Foreign Affairs.
Official records of the foreign policy and diplomatic history of the US from 1945 to 1988
(publication is ongoing). Older volumes are also
available for the period 1861-1960 from University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries. See also:
Secretaries of Defense historical series of freely available publications online (1947-)
United States Treaty Series - digitised multilateral & bilateral treaties 1776-1949 on Library of Congress website (and its U.S. Treaties : a beginner's guide)
Provide online access to key declassified records on issues including U.S. national security, foreign policy, diplomatic and military history, and intelligence policy.
An independent, non-partisan, national institution established and funded by Congress. Full text of many reports are available.
Congress.gov - official website (replaces Thomas) for US federal legislative information, maintained by Library of Congress
Congressional Research Service reports - Stanford maintains the most comprehensive portal to these
C-Span Video Library - cable TV project to provide free access to Congressional debates (some back to 1983) & other video content on US
GovTrack - tracking the US Congress, including complete voting records since the 1st Congress
Official portal to US government publications (replaces FD Sys &
GPO Access). Freely accessible from about 1993 onwards, including Presidential documents, Congressional bills, documents, hearings & reports, the Congressional record, and Federal register.
MetaLib from GPO - searches across official databases for reports, articles & citations, with links to full text
Includes full text of basic documents such as the Declaration of Independence, Constitution, & Bill of Rights
Official government portal for searching federal & state websites, including list of federal agencies
Longstanding project (1999) based at UCSB, now containing over 100 000 documents relating to the presidency
Film archive of presidential campaign commercials, 1952-2012
THINK TANKS. RESEARCH INSTITUTES
Major independent think tank. Full text of many reports available.
Independent database aiming to reveal the links between money and politics in the US. See also the Center for Responsive Politics website OpenSecrets.Org
Respected research institute, seeking to bring academia & public policy together on questions of domestic and international interest
Portal to resources for Canadian politics, especially official sources such as the Cabinet Conclusions database
Annual indicators of governance from Global Integrity (2013-)
South African based organisation aiming to improve governance across the continent
Published by the London-based Mo Ibrahim Foundation, it measures the performance of government in 48 African nations South of the Sahara. Five major categories are covered Security; rule of law, transparency and corruption; participation and human rights; sustainable economic development and human development. It is possible to view country data from 2000 onwards
Network of organisations concerned with peace & security in Africa
See also the APECLIT database hosted at Monash University
Useful resource from the ANU covering the Cultural Revolution period
Digitised archive from the Wilson Center of full text documents 1949-
An independent non-profit organisation which seeks to promote discussion and international dialogue about the role of Japan in modern world affairs. It offers free access to material such as papers, reports and press releases.
Offers a large collection of online material, some of which is in Japanese only. Includes the official gazettes (kanpo)
Independent organisation founded 2001 aims to strengthen democracy in Pakistan. Useful publications & analysis of electoral politics
Extensive voluntary project to digitise primary materials from US & other archives relating to Taiwan
Bibliography of older material (to 2002) compiled by Michael H. Nelson, supplemented by more recent publications (mostly by Duncan McCargo)
Free access to elections results &other facts from 1890. Maintained by the University of Western Australia
Comparative data on men & women in Latin American political parties
Surveys primarily on democratic values, opinions & behaviours. Free download, with data back to the 1970s in some cases
Major French research centre, based at Sciences Po
Research & advocacy organisation aiming to advance human rights
Network of Arab independent research institutes in the US & Europe. Includes the Arab Democracy Index (2008-)
Respected organization based in Washington DC & Beirut. Its ezine Jadaliyya offers useful information on current events in the region
Digitised archive of video, photos, and documents from the 2011 uprisings
PART THREE : ARRANGEMENT BY TOPIC
Collaborative project offering new declassified documents online. It is possible to browse the archive topics by year or subject. Key areas are Poland, and Post war Germany.
Wilson Center project, aims to provide a virtual library of government documents relating to the Cold war (especially from countries of the former Communist bloc). All aspects of the Cold war are covered, including its origins, detente, the Korean war, political leaders and the Cuban missile crisis. See also the Wilson Center Digital Collections
Covers both NATO and the Warsaw Pact focusing on military security declassified documents
Yale University collection of materials covering incidents such as: Cuban Missile Crisis, U2 incident (1960)
Here are some useful starting points for comparative country studies:
Europa World Year Book - held in print form at D 1.E8 on floor 2 (reference only). Holdings: 1963-
Political Handbook of the World - held in print form at JA 51 on floor 4 (reference only). Holdings: 1978- (some gaps)
Useful effort from Yale Law School to provide links to key documents in law, history & diplomacy, from the earliest records up until the present. Browse by period, or by theme (e.g. Cold War). Links to supporting documents
Maintained by the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (University of London), FIT is a database of basic information on over 1500 key multilateral treaties from 1856 onwards. Includes links to the online versions, where available. For European treaties covering the period 1450-1789 see the Leibniz-Institut fur Europaische Geschichte (IEG) Europaische Friedensvertrage der Vormoderne online
Major ongoing research project led by Horst Dippel, aims to make all constitutional documents from the period available to the public. For background information read his article
Swiss effort, details of referendums back to 1790
Seeks to measure democracy globally across all countries. Indices for 2007- also available (registration required)
Presents an overview of the state of democracy around the globe today. See especially its Freedom in the World comparative & historical data. Free reports online assess civil liberties and political rights, freedom of the press, and freedom of religion, both for specific countries and around the world generally
Free access to publications and a number of databases, including: Direct Democracy ; Electoral Justice ; Electoral Management ; Electoral System Design ; Gender Quotas ; ICT in Elections ; Political Finance ; State of Democracy Assessments ; Voter Turnout ; Voting From Abroad
An international organisation of parliaments of sovereign states which seeks to promote parliamentary democracy and dialogue. PARLINE is the IPU's parliamentary database which provides information on national parliaments worldwide. Also data (from 1997-) on women in national parliaments
Organisation supporting democracy, political participation, elections and good governance in countries around the world
Useful introduction with links to data sources
Global coverage 1810-2000, used as the basis for the author's books
Global project seeking better indicators of democracy. All countries. Data from 1900-
See the encyclopaedia for data by country
EU project coordinated by Norwegian Social Science Data Services. Coverage for 35 countries from 1990- onwards
This group has been studying European parliamentary elections since 1979. Some data & publications are freely accessible
Data from European Parliament elections for almost all EU countries in 1989, 1994, 1999 and 2004
Based on the ICORE Election Studies, offers free access to electoral data from Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, Norway & Sweden. Data from 1956-2001 via GESIS
Handy website from the Robert Schumann Centre (France), with analysis, roundup & results of national elections for European countries since 2002
Independent site offering information on decision-making by the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers. Detailed statistical tables relating to the European Parliament from 2004, including voting patterns of individual MEPs, political parties, coalitions and nation states
Digital library of leaflets and ephemera 1958-
Electoral data back to 1965 for presidential elections, and from 1979 for European elections, 1997- for Assemblee nationale and Senat, and 1998- for regional elections
Office of the Federal Returning Officer with election news & results
Data available for German federal elections 2009-
Portal to election resources & data from Leibniz-Institut fur Sozialwissenschaften. Federal elections 1949-
Polls undertaken by the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen (Institute for Election Research) covering German political parties & issues, 1977-
Launched in2006 by a consortium of institutions. Free access to resources on election administration, including country fact files
Comprises national election surveys in 24 nations since 1990. Users can download many examples of datasets and questionnaires. Countries covered include Germany, Britain, the United States, Japan; Chile, Greece, Indonesia; South Africa; Spain and Uruguay. There is also a bibliography of associated publications and articles
Major collaborative international project which makes freely available the data from participating countries (1996-)
Based at Harvard & Sydney universities and co-ordinated by Pippa Norris. Dataset covers around 80% of countries that hold elections, data from 2012 onwards
Formerly known as the Constituency-Level Elections (CLE) dataset. An online collection of election data which provides detail down to constituency level for 60 nations worldwide. It currently covers the period 1944-2007 providing information on legislative elections for upper and lower chambers as well as some sub-national elections. Compilation uses publicly available resources such as government departments and election commission. Datasets may be downloaded
Interesting exercise by Simon Anholt and colleagues, enabling individuals from any country to vote in the elections of other countries
Constructed by Professor Sarah Birch (Essex University). Comprises data on malpractice in elections held between 1995 and 2006 in 57 countries from Latin America, Eastern Europe & the Former Soviet Union, and Sub-Saharan Africa
The world's premier electoral assistance organisation, which provides news and lists of national level parliamentary & presidential elections worldwide, with results (including voter turnout where available) of elections from 1998 onwards, as well as details of forthcoming elections. Especially useful is its Election Guide
Continues the work of the Comparative Manifestos Project and the Manifesto Research Group. Important source of data, especially for policy preferences - covers over 1000 parties in over 50 countries, from 1945 onwards. Includes coded and un-coded election manifestos, links to publications, etc.
Parliamentary & presidential election results 1980- (in English & Farsi) plus other political & social science data
Provides listings, and some analysis, of all general election results in The Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland since 1918. It also covers by-elections in Northern Ireland and Ireland from 1918 onwards, European Parliament elections in the region since 1999, and Irish presidential elections from 1938 onwards.
Data, reports & bibliography from 1969- onwards
Data for national (with local breakdown) & European elections from the Ministry of Interior. Some data from 1948-
Conducts election studies and analysis of the behaviour of the Italian electorate during parliamentary and presidential elections. Its website includes a list of its articles and other publications. Users can obtain data relating to Italian elections from 1968-2006 free of charge after registration
Maintained by Richard Rose at the Centre for the Study of Public Policy, Strathclyde University.
Audio & visual archive charting the BBCs election coverage since 1922
Currently managed by a consortium of three UK universities. Includes access to BES data from 1964 onwards
Great potential resource of digitised election leaflets (2010-) from around the country
Notable for its research on local elections and its flagship publication Local elections handbook held on floor 4 at JS 3215 (1988-)
Website & blog maintained by Roger Scully, with data back to 1979 (but mainly 2000-)
Website using opinion polls & quantitative analysis to predict election results
Free access to official maps of current UK electoral districts
Coordinated by the British Library, archives numerous websites connected with elections since 2005-
Voting data from 1964 for various variables, including race, sex & age groups
National stratified sample survey by YouGov/Polimetrix, with pre- and post- surveys in election years
Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections (library database)
The library subscribes to files offering state & county presidential election data 1960-2012
Project covers 2000-2012
Historical data for 1787-1825
Official vote counts for federal elections from the various states and territories, 1920- onwards
A number of useful websites, including:
Living Room Candidate - freely available archive of presidential ads from 1952- onwards
Political Communication Lab (Stanford) - selection of presidential, senate & gubernatorial ads, 1994- onwards. Includes primaries.
Political TV Ad Archive - 2016 election ads
Although not updated since 2010 this is a detailed list of US racist organisations & websites, some with connections to the far Right
NOTE: for resources on Corruption see the Economics subject guide
Project of Global Voices. Logs & maps threats, imprisonment & killing of online writers around the world
London based organisation campaigning worldwide for freedom of expression & freedom of information
International bibliographical database about censorship and freedom of expression, supported by the national Library of Norway. It currently offers references to over 50,000 works relevant to the study of historic and contemporary censorship, covering more than 30 countries.
Established organisation championing freedom, privacy & the public interest in the electronic world, also responsible for Onlinecensorship.org which monitors the censoring activities of companies such as Google, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, etc.
Respected US organisation focusing on civil liberties & privacy in the online world
Organisation concerned with attacks on musical & artistic freedom of expression. Annual global survey (2015-)
From the Open Knowledge Foundation. Compares governments efforts in
making government data open & available to the public. See also
the Open Data Barometer project of the World Wide Web Foundation and Open Data for Development to assess & encourage access to government data
UK quango charged with upholding information rights in the public interest
UK organisation campaigning for the protection of privacy and free speech online
Campaigns for the right to privacy across the world & against governments & companies (see its Surveillance Industry Index) that undermine this
A non-profit-making group founded in 1991, monitors the State and civil liberties in Europe. Its database offers access to thousands of articles from its publications.
Controversial website giving access to thousands of confidential diplomatic communications leaked by whistle blowers. Other secure sites for whistle blowers to upload classified information include the Guardian's SecureDrop and SourceSure in France
Main organisation for civil liberties in the US
Independent organisation campaigning for internationally recognised human rights
Provides access to statistical data in 15 categories for 202 countries, 1981-2011. Data is mainly derived from US State Dept. country reports (see below)
Independent quango charged with promoting human rights & equality in the UK. Includes Is Britain fairer? flagship project/publication
Human Rights and Democracy Report (2003-)
Includes its flagship Freedom in the World reports 1998- (or as dataset from 1973-)
Respected US-based organisation campaigning for human rights world wide
Formerly the National Council for Civil Liberties. Major UK campaigning organisation
Cross-national data on political repression & violence since 1976, compiled annually from Amnesty International & US State Dept. data
Influential annual reports for countries around the world (archive back to 1999)
Independent organisation seeking to advance the rule of law around the
world. Compiles the
Rule of Law Index
(2012-) which attempts annual
measurement of this for 115 countries around the world using 44 different indicators.
US-based private, non-profit organization dedicated to advancing cooperation between nations and promoting active international engagement by the United States. Founded in 1910, its work is nonpartisan and dedicated to achieving practical results.
Respected Canadian institute, aiming to provide information about all aspects of international relations. Free access to publications
Statistics & datasets conveying aspects of a country's environment for making foreign policy, includes political, economic, social & cultural information. Country reports focusing on governance, conflict risk, fragile & failed states. Based at Carleton University.
Interesting Spanish project, combining measures of economic, military & soft power to estimate indices of countries relative influence on the global stage
New site which aims to bring together in one place the resources
(publications, voting records, speeches) from UNBISnet in a more user
friendly and mobile friendly manner. See also:
United Nations Resources & Documents is still available and constitutes a broad guide to UN resources. Full text of publications from the main committees (1993-), detailed voting record of UN members on resolutions of the General Assembly & the Security Council since 1946, and index to speeches made in the Security Council & the General Assembly since 1983.
On the Record documents the views of individual member states
UN Yearbook 1946/47-
See also the detailed research guide to UN documentation and the League of Nations Archives resource guide
Maintained by the US Department of State. A searchable database of information about the location and content of national diplomatic archives worldwide
See also the Sociology subject guide for social & cultural aspects of media and the internet
Database of media ethics codes from around the world and associated bibliography.
Initiative of the US National Endowment for Democracy to promote independent media globally. Some useful free publications covering the state of media around the world
Washington based organisation seeking to support the role of female journalists around the world. See also the Global Media Monitoring Project
From IREX. A useful measure for comparing freedom of speech, and independence of the media across 80 countries
Includes access to its annual Press freedom index (2002-) & report
Analyses use of social media by world leaders & international organisations
Seeks to safeguard media pluralism and freedom across EU member states. Produces annual Media pluralism monitor
Research network of European media institutes
See especially their guide to film, TV & radio collections in the UK, and Box of Broadcasts (BoB) media recording and archive service, to which the Library subscribes (key TV & radio channels have an archive back to about 2007). TRILT - the database behind BoB - has details of recordings from 1995, and it's possible to request copies of these.
Campaigning group aiming for an accountable press & implementation of the Leveson Report
Independent regulator for the newspaper & magazine industry in the UK
Independent coalition of groups and individuals set up in 2011 to maximise the public interest in media &communications
UK quango, communications & media regulator. Useful annual survey Adults' media use & attitudes report and Children's media literacy, as well as Communications market reports for international comparisons
Detailed insight into the influence of the internet on everyday life in Britain, based on survey data every 2 years since 2003. A similar exercise in the US is the Pew Internet & American Life Project
Major UK centre, based at Oxford University
Looks at the future of (US) journalism in the internet age. Based at Harvard
Similar to the Oxford Internet Surveys above, but covering the US. See also the annual Pew survey - State of the news media
FAKE NEWS & FACT CHECKING
Excellent starting point for for all things relating to fact check
Ditto for fake news
Newcastle University Library - useful web page on identifying fake news
Snopes.com - world's oldest (1994) & largest fact check site. Strong US & popular element, reflecting its origins in checking out urban legends & rumour research.
Europe - see the Reuters Institute report: Rise of fact-checking sites in Europe
AllSides - not a fact check site, but offers views of the same stories from the left, centre, and right of politics
FactCheck.org - Annenberg Center
Fact Checker - Washington Post
PolitiFact - Tampa Bay Times
USAFacts.org - uses government data & backed by SIEPR, Wharton, etc.
See also Hoaxy for visualisations of fake news stories & internet rumours
Interesting collection of texts on liberty and associated topics from all periods, assembled by the Liberty Fund
Websites for individual thinkers:
Bentham Project (UCL)
Some online resources plus further links
Aims to make freely available the full text of his works (in French)
Its library offers full text access to key writings of the 19th & 20th centuries & includes lesser known writers. Also see extensive list of newspapers & periodicals available digitally. See also the International Institute of Social History (Amsterdam) which has digitised papers of Marx & Engels from its SPD archive
See the Sociology web page for more information on Social Surveys. See also useful briefing paper from the House of Lords on Understanding and Sourcing Political Opinion Polls
Based at Michigan State University. Surveys over a dozen countries
Led by the National Taiwan University, it conducts public opinion research into citizen's attitudes towards politics, power, reform, and democracy in Asia. Surveys cover: Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, China, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia' India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. Access to many of the datasets is currently restricted to subscribers only
From 2006 government bodies are required to make all surveys & polls freely accessible & the database is maintained by Libraries & Archives Canada
Including the Eurobarometer survey. Data from 1973- onwards
French public opinion on political topics. See also Cotes de popularites maintained by Kantar TNS - free access political barometers and opinion polls published in Figaro-Magazine, including popularity of French prime ministers, presidents & political parties from 1974 onwards.
Major organisation active in many countries, some data is free
Project coordinated by the World economic Forum to assess public confidence in political leadership around the world
Uses public opinion surveys from over 55 nations to examine trends in public opinion. Topics cover a wide range of political, economic and social indicators.
Measures the security of citizens in relation to national, financial, personal & internet security in countries including UK, USA, Brazil, Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Germany and Spain
Information & analysis on public opinion from around the world on international issues. Maintained by the University of Maryland.
Surveys the citizens of Latin America on their political views' specifically on democratic values. Examples include women's political participation, the effect of education on tolerance of minorities, and the effects of government corruption on citizens. Free downloads, with data back to the 1970s in some cases
Cooperative project led by the Arab Reform Initiative focusing on political attitudes in Arab countries
Compiled by Zogby International for the Arab American Institute
Major conductor of public opinion polls
Body representing the main UK polling organisations
Uses public opinion surveys to analyse matters relating to public policy, communications and other issues
Respected annual survey of the public's engagement with, and opinion on, the UK political scene. 1994- onwards
Monthly polls for The Guardian (and others) since 1984 on voters intentions. Historical data available from Guardian website
One of the leading UK pollsters
Aka TNS BRMB, history strectches back to 1933
Official opinion pollster of the Times. Free access to selected polls from 2002 onwards
Independent site which collates results from other pollsters
Popular online pollster offering free access to a wide range of surveys
An independent organisation reporting trends in US public opinion
Provides access to various online publications and databases of opinion polls, such as iPoll for congressional elections since 1935.
Independent US organisation seeking to promote arms control. Useful publications
SIPRI project to collate activities and documents relating to the Arms Trade Treaty ratified in 2014
Umbrella organisation for campaigns to regulate the arms trade
Respected US-based organisation seeking to minimise the risk of nuclear conflict
Independent research project located at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. Detailed information on small arms issues in its flagship annual publication, and a large online collection of papers, articles, documents, statistics and treaties.
Created in 1992. Provides data on arms production, sales, and arms holdings of individual countries through its Global Reported Arms Trade database
HUMAN SECURITY. HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION. DISASTERS
Independent body evaluating disaster response and aid effectiveness
Data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and press agencies. See also the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters and the IFRC's annual World Disasters Report
Independent organisation offering research & advice for NGOs & governments. Various publications available & its Aid Worker Security Database, which has recorded violence against aid workers since 1997
See also its Humanitarian Data Exchange, which aims to offer a single access point to statistics from the United Nations, NGOs and other bodies, covering humanitarian issues such as refugees, food security and aid. Also ReliefWeb, the leading information source on humanitarian crises since 1996. See its Financial Tracking Service for data on humanitarian aid
New project from Georgetown University and the PRIO looking at the neglected element of gender
Including annual Global peace index 2008- see also the IEP website Vision of Humanity
Cross-search the words & language used in over 1000 peace agreements since 1945-
Including the SIPRI Multilateral Peace Operations database
Full text reports & resolutions available from the Peacebuilding Commission (advisory body established in 2005). See also the UN Peacekeeping Operations web pages and the UN Peacemaker database containing the texts of peace agreements
Detailed event data covering political protests in most European countries, c.1980-1995, plus additional datasets for France (May 1968), the Third Reich, and various civil wars
Shares knowledge and resources regarding non-violent campaigns of civil resistance
Global dataset 1900-2011 compiled by Erica Chenoweth & colleagues at Denver University
Compilation by Michael Biggs (University of Oxford) of some useful datasets
Content of all military alliances signed by countries of the world between 1815 & 2003
An independent analysis and advocacy organization which researches global security issues, including nuclear policies, military strategies, armaments and disarmament. It's reports are freely available online
Enables full text keyword searching of several thousand websites (excluding those of governments & international organisations) covering international relations, foreign policy & international security. Useful for tracing online working papers & reports
Washington think tank established in 1962 to focus on policy research
Access to declassified & historical documents relating to US intelligence operations, counter-terrorism, etc.
Official EU body set up in 2002 to analyse foreign, defence & security policies. Publishes Yearbook of European Security and much else
Free access to a large collection of US digitised military documents. A full range of military history, strategy and policy topics are covered, including logistics, tactics and involvement in specific conflicts (Korean war, Vietnam War and Afghanistan).
Independent research institute at George Washington University. The NSA collects declassified documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act. It acts as a repository of government records on a wide range of topics pertaining to the national security, foreign, intelligence, and economic policies of the US. Its electronic briefing books provide access to declassified records on issues including national security, foreign policy, diplomatic and military history, and intelligence policy.
See the NATO Archives Online for comprehensive digitised historical materials relating to the first 10 years of NATO (1949-1959)
Independent UK think tank on defence & security matters
Various datasets that facilitate the collection, dissemination, and use of accurate and reliable quantitative data in international relations
and conflict (1816-)
Details of Crescenzi's publications & replication data from the studies
HIIK specialises in documenting political conflicts since 1945. It also provides free access to data and online reports. These include The Cosimo datasets which contain statistical data on conflicts since 1945 and the full text of the Conflict barometer since 1997. This annual yearbook traces trends in the escalation and settlement of wars, civil wars and political conflicts. Information is offered in English or German
Coded datasets of political events (1995-) which can be modelled to provide early conflict warnings. Developed by the US military & Lockheed Martin
INSCR Data Page (Center for Systemic Peace)
Integrated Network for Societal Conflict Research (INSCR) was
established to manage data produced by the Center for Systemic Peace. Freely
available datasets include:
Forcibly Displaced Populations, 1964-2008
Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946-
Political Instability Task Force (PITF), State Failure Problem Set, 1955-
High Casualty Terrorist Bombings, 1989-
Memberships in Conventional Intergovernmental Organisations (CIO), 1952-1997
Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800- (Polity IV Project)
Coups d'Etat, 1946-
State Fragility Index and Matrix, 1995-
Established 2007 to provide real-time, independent analysis of military affairs & operations that relate to US strategic objectives. Useful source of information
Independent organisation established 1995 to try & prevent or resolve war, offers useful research reports on conflicts around the world
Respected body, offers data & reports on war, peace & the arms trade.
Data sets include:
Data on armed conflict (with Uppsala CDP) 1946-
Data on governance
Geographical & resource datasets
Replication data (much from Journal of peace research)
Sexual violence in armed conflict (GEO-SVAC) 1989-2009
Small arms trade
Including the SIPRI military expenditure database with figures for over 170 countries from 1988- onwards, the SIPRI arms transfers database (data from 1950) and the SIPRI Multilateral Peace Operations database.
UN figures from 1981-
Datasets on armed conflicts worldwide since 1945
Note: general sources only. See topics and countries for specific data resources
Based on the data resources of The Statesman's Yearbook, CNTS offers a listing of international and national country-data facts. Contains statistical information on a wide range of countries, with data entries ranging from 1815 to the present, so particularly useful for historical data.
to comprehensively monitor news media around the world (over 100 languages)
and make available very large datasets requiring big data analysis. Current
databases are listed here and include:
GDELT 1.0 & GDELT 2.0 event data 1979-
American Television July 2009-
Africa & the Middle East academic literature 1950-2012
Human Rights Knowledge Graph 1960-2014
Historical American Books Archive 1800-2015
Visual Global Knowledge Graph December 2015-
Newish project, brainchild of Simon Anholt, ranks countries by their contribution to the global good, taking into account their relative sizes. Also has an interesting Global Vote section, which enables individuals from any country to vote in the elections of other countries
Interesting attempt to quantify levels of globalisation among countries. Data from 1970 onwards.
Originally collected by Ted Robert Gurr, tracks around 300 politically active ethnic minorities around the world since 1945
Published annually as the December issue of the respected ECPR journal, European journal of political research, and now available in database form. Election results, referenda, changes in government, and institutional reforms for a range of countries, within and beyond the EU.
Longstanding project from the Center for Systemic Peace offering extensive data on regime type & regime changes 1800-
Potentially useful data set comprising data on destabilising events such as coups, revolutions and political and economic upheaval, derived from global news sources, by the Cline Center, University of Illinois. Coverage is 1945-2005
Repository for some major datasets relating to politics, mostly UK but some European and international
Major portal to over 30 UN databases
COUNTRY RISK DATA
The Library has no access to comprehensive data on political risk, most of which is only available commercially for large sums of money. Some information can be garnered from the following
1. Political Risk Services - Political Risk Yearbook
PRS is the pre-eminent company in this field. The library does not subscribe, but Political Risk Yearbook country reports are available on Business Source Ultimate from 2009- onwards. Log on to BSU, click on publications (menu bar at top), and type in "political risk" to get a list of the reports A/Z by country
2. World Economic Forum Global Risks report (2006- onwards)
BTI is a project of the Bertelsmann Stiftung. Analyses the state of democracy and economy in over 119 nations from 2003 onwards to produce a global ranking. Also country reports that analyse the state of democracy, the political system, political management, rule of law and economic development and transition.
APSA project to assess the current state of indicators and indexes for measuring democracy and government performance. Free access to lists and assessments of current indexes used, plus bibliographies of articles on their usage and accuracy. Topics include measures of democracy, human rights, corruption, press freedom, state fragility
Tanja Ellingsen's data on ethnic, religious, and linguistic characteristics for a global sample of states 1945-1994. See also the Composition of Ethnic & Religious Groups (CREG) data from the Cline Center, University of Illinois. Covers over 100 countries from 1940s onwards.
Compiled annually since 2005 by Fund for Peace
US based independent organisation. Assesses standards of governance and levels of corruption worldwide. The results are published in the Global Integrity Index and as detailed Country Reports - data can be downloaded (2004 onwards)
Key data from 30 or so OECD countries relating to governance and public administration.
Research centre at Goteborg University, offers free access to datasets on governance & quality of government indicators (cross-national time series data from 1946 onwards)
Anti-corruption NGO with 90 national chapters around the world. It is committed to raising awareness about corruption, advocating reform & implementation of multilateral conventions, and monitoring compliance. Its website includes various surveys & indices, such as the Corruption Perceptions Index, and its major publication - the Global Corruption Report (from 2001).
Notably the UN E-Government Survey reports published every 2 years, 2001-
The WGI project is an initiative of the World Bank. Annual data from 1996- for over 200 nations using 6 measures of governance: political accountability; political stability and violence; government effectiveness; regulatory control; rule of law and extent and control of corruption.
Researchers may find the chapter by Ivan Sascha Sheehan "Assessing and comparing data sources for terrorism research" (2012) useful reading
Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism - suicide attack database (1974-)
ITERATE Dataset (Library database)
ITERATE (International Terrorism, Attributes of Terrorist Events) is a detailed dataset compiled by Ed Mickolus and colleagues at the International Terrorism Data Center. Access has been purchased to the main dataset, the ITERATE Common File 1968-2014 (& supplements 2015-2016), as well as the Hostage File (1978-2005). Access is restricted to members of the University of Essex
Stanford University project mapping militancy over time & space
Well known database, freely accessible, of terrorist incidents recorded between 1968 and 2009
Centre associated with the US Department of Homeland Security. Useful free access databases including - Global Terrorism Database which provides information on terrorist attacks, bombings and incidents worldwide from 1970- onwards. The GTD incorporates the Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (2004-2012), which was maintained by the National Counterterrorism Center until 2012. Also the useful BAAD Database (Big, Allied & Dangerous) about terrorist groups around the world
Useful data set in SPSS format from Jan Oskar Engene (Bergen University), covering terrorist incidents in West European countries between 1950 and 2004. Countries covered: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK.
US Department of State - country reports on terrorism 2004-
Film & video archive of the renowned AP press agency. Material from 1895 onwards
Based at Kent University
The national map collection. See also British Library Georeferencer for historic maps overlaid onto current map locations
Holds the largest archive of post WW2 graphics in the US. Some have been digitised and are freely available.
Nearly 50000 historic maps, especially strong coverage of North America & Latin America 18-19th centuries.
Interesting collection of historic photographs from European news agencies hosted on the Europeana website
Free access to thousands of US government films
Currently over 1000 digitised maps & atlases from the extensive collections are available
Renowned collection on social & political protest, anarchism & related topics (1800-). Partly digitised - in particular the political posters
Free audio & video resources suitable for educational purposes
JISC funded project to digitise UK & European map collections
Official British government films from 1945 onwards
Extensive collection of maps digitised by the University of Texas at Austin
Global database of gender quotas in national political systems, from IDEA and others
News on conferences and events; fact files on women's political involvement in specific countries and online discussion forums. It also contains a large online library of full text reports, papers and handbooks.
Attempt to track the representation & status of women in political science associations around the world
Database maintained by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, which also compiles the Women in Politics Bibliographic Database containing bibliographic references to books, reports and journal articles on all aspects of women's participation in political life worldwide. (last update 2015)
N.B. Further resources on women can be found on the Sociology subject guide