Resources for Politics

See the Sociology webpage for resources on: Environment; Migration & Refugees

Politics (General/International)

American Political Science Association
Center for Security Studies (ETH Zurich) Digital Library

Enables full text keyword searching of several thousand websites (excluding those of governments & international organisations) covering international relations, foreign policy & international security. Useful for tracing online working papers & reports

European Consortium for Political Research

Based at Essex the ECPR is an independent, scholarly association, which supports and encourages the training, research and cross-national cooperation of political scientists in institutions throughout Europe and beyond.

Global Centre for ICT in Parliaments

Useful source of information regarding e-government initiatives

Global Policy Forum

Independent policy watchdog that monitors the work of the UN and scrutinises global policymaking

Government Gazettes Online

Useful portal maintained by the University of Michigan to official gazettes from countries around the world

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)

Free access to publications and a number of databases, including: Direct Democracy ; Electoral Justice ; Electoral Management ; Electoral System Design ; Gender Quotas ; ICT in Elections ; Political Finance ; Voter Turnout ; Voting From Abroad

International Political Science Association (IPSA)

Including the IPSA Portal gateway to top political science websites, its Paper Room of conference papers (since 2006), various research committees focusing on specific aspects of political science, and online courses (MOOCs).

Inter-Parliamentary Union

An international organisation of parliaments of sovereign states which seeks to promote parliamentary democracy and dialogue. PARLINE is the IPU's parliamentary database which provides information on national parliaments worldwide. Also data (from 1997-) on women in national parliaments

Meta-Activism Project

Promotes research into digital activism

Oxford Research Encyclopedias - Politics

Growing online resource with some interesting articles. Currently free ...

Policy Bot

Access to over 25 000 policy documents from free market research institutes. Portal maintained by the Heartland Institute

Social Science Publications Current Awareness

Useful listing maintained by LSE Library for keeping up to date with government & other publications

Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program

Run by Pennsylvania University, includes the Global Go To Think Tanks Index (an annual report ranking think tanks around the world)

United Nations - Resources & Documents



UK - Government & Official  Publications

10 Downing Street and Cabinet Office Cabinet Papers 1915-1980

Available in full text through the National Archives website


The official government information & public services website (replaces Directgov). Extensive list of publications, which can be refined by dept. or parliamentary paper status. Also see its E-Petitions section
For historical information try the UK Government Web Archive hosted by the National Archives (includes Twitter archive)

Hansard parliamentary debates

House of Commons debates from 1988- and House of Lords from 1995/96- from the official Parliament website. For the period 1803-2005 see the very useful Hansard Corpus, which offers advanced semantic searching, and the same period is also covered by the House libraries -  Debates 1803-2005

House of Commons Library research briefings

The full text of Research Papers from 1998, compiled for Members of Parliament by the staff of the House of Commons Library.

House of Commons Parliamentary Papers

Full text access to House of Commons Papers 1688-2003/04. For more recent papers see Public Information Online

HM Treasury

Official home of UK legislation, including all legislation from 1988- onwards.

National Archives

Official archive of the UK government, home to over 1000 years of historical records, including the Cabinet Papers 1915-1980

Public Information Online

Full text access to parliamentary papers (Command Papers, House of Commons and House of Lords Papers, Bills, Explanatory Notes, Public Bill and Standing Committee Debates) for the 2006/07 session onwards. For earlier House of Commons papers see House of Commons Parliamentary Papers

Stormont Papers

Northern Ireland Parliamentary Papers Online, 1921-1972 - free access to full text government reports relating to Northern Ireland. Organised by the Queen's University Belfast, the database may be searched by keyword or browsed by subject and date indexes.

UK Parliament

The official government website

For more information see the Albert Sloman Library guide to Finding British official publications

UK - Independent 

Association of Professional Political Consultants

Organisation (and register) of the lobbying industry

BBC Online's A-Z of Parliament
British Future

Independent think tank focusing on issues of identity, integration, migration & opportunity

Bruges Group

Campaigns against European federalism and centralisation. Pro Brexit

Centre for Women and Democracy

Promotes the involvement of women in parliament & other political institutions.


Think tank allied to the Liberal Democrats. Its publications are free to download


Centre-Left pressure group, broadly aligned with the Labour Party

Constitution Society

Founded in 2009, The Constitution Society is an independent, non-party educational foundation. Promotes public understanding of the British Constitution and works to encourage informed debate between legislators, academics and the public about proposals for constitutional change.

Constitution Unit

Based at UCL

Democratic Audit

Independent research organisation investigating the state of democracy & human rights in the UK


"The think tank for everyday democracy". Full-text of most of its publications are available.

Electoral Reform Society

European Movement

Leading cross-party pro-EU organisation, dates back to 1948

Fabian Society

Venerable left-leaning think tank, aligned with the Labour Party. Extensive Fabian Society Online Archive of its publications is maintained by LSE, including the majority of Fabian Tracts 1884-1997

Federal Trust

Research institute studying the interaction between regional, national, European, and world levels of government, with a focus on Britain
& the EU.

Hansard Society

Independent charity promoting parliamentary democracy. Notable for its annual survey (1994-) of public opinion on politics - Audit of political engagement

History & Policy

Offers an historical approach to public policy

Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (IPSA)

Scrutinises the expenses claims of MPs

Institute of Economic Affairs

Respected organisation, see especially its Paragon Initiative - a 5 year study of UK public policy from 2015-

Institute for Government

Independent charity aiming to improve the effectiveness of UK government. See especially its Whitehall Monitor annual report

Institute for Public Policy Research

Well established "independent, radical & progressive" think tank. Full text of many publications available

Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust

Includes free access to some very useful publications on the state of democracy, political participation, and citizenship in the UK


UK charity whose website aims to provide simple & effective ways for citizens to participate in and improve society

Policy Exchange

Independent think tank established in2002, conducts research into all aspects of public services policy in the UK. Generally  advocates reduced state interference and strengthened community involvement. Free access to its pamphlets and reports

Policy Network

Progressive think tank based in London. International outlook, but main focus on UK & Europe. Free access to publications

Political Studies Association

Including the website of its publications and Study Politics a directory of all undergraduate & postgraduate courses in the UK


Independent think tank aiming to reform public services


Monitors & exposes those who use lobbying and PR to distort political debate & undermine democracy

UK in a Changing Europe

ESRC funded initiative based at King's College London, promoting impartial research on all aspects of the UK's relations with Europe

UK Political Web Observatory

Project to provide insight on the UK political landscape through analysis of its online presence & structure, starting with the Brexit issue

Unlock Democracy

Formed in 2007 from Charter 88 and New Politics Network, campaigns for political & constitutional reform

UK - Political parties. SOURCE GUIDES

British Political Speech Archives

Useful resource from Swansea University, offering listing major speeches (mostly by party leaders) since 1895, with transcripts of many

Conservative Party

The Bodleian Library holds the Conservative Party Archives

Green Party
Labour Party

Archives held by the People's History Museum

Liberal Democrats
United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
Plaid Cymru
Scottish National Party
Women's Equality Party


Cook, Chris. Sources in British political history, 1900-1951. 6 vols. London : Macmillan, 1975-1985. Z 2020
Cook, Chris. Routledge guide to British political archives : sources since 1945. London : Routledge, 2006. CD 1041.R6 and Online

UK - Regional & Local

Department for Communities and Local Government
Essex County Council
Local Government Association

Website of the Mayor of London and the London Assembly

New Local Government Network

Independent think tank

Northern Ireland Assembly and Northern Ireland Executive

See also the CAIN Web Service guide to websites with information on the N. Ireland conflict

Northern Ireland Official Publications Archive

Maintained by Queen's University Belfast

Scottish Government and Scottish Parliament

See also the National Library of Scotland Scottish Independence Referendum Collection

What Scotland Thinks

Set up by ScotCen Social Research to look at Scottish public opinion on how the constituent parts of the UK should be governed

Welsh Government and National Assembly for Wales (which has a useful bibliography) and Wales Office are official bodies

Other organisations include: Bevan Foundation, Institute of Welsh Affairs, and the Cardiff University Library resources on devolution (which
has a strong Welsh emphasis)

Europe. BREXIT


European Commission Brexit web page

LSE Brexit Collection

Digitised pamphlets from the 1975 & 2016 referendum campaigns. See also the blog from LSE's Heather Dawson for current awareness Brexit web page

UK Department for Exiting the EU

UK European Union Membership Referendum

Web archive collected by UCLA


Archive of European Integration

Maintained by the University of Pittsburgh. Includes EU documents, journal articles and research papers

Chapel Hill Expert Surveys

Surveys of party positions on European integration, ideology & policy issues. First survey in 1999, now repeated every 4 years. Includes all EU countries plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, with separate surveys for Balkan candidate countries. 

Corporate Europe Observatory

Independent organisation exposing the power of corporate lobbying in the EU policy making arena

EU Information from the Albert Sloman Library EDC
EU Bookshop

Free access to the full text of all EU publications since 1952


Project of the European Journalism Centre, news feed from several hundred EU newspapers (national & regional titles)


Official EU legal portal. Full text of the Official journal, treaties (including the 2012 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union), etc.


Official gateway to the European Union

European Council on Foreign Relations

See its Foreign Policy Scorecard which attempts to measure European success in the foreign relations arena

European Integration Online Portal

Gateway to various resources

European Parliament
European Union Studies Association (EUSA)

Formerly the European Communities Studies Association. The major scholarly & professional association involved in the study of the EU.

MEP Twitter.Eu

Website analysing twitter use by MEPs

Office for Democratic Institutions & Human Rights

Branch of the OSCE, involved with election observation, democratic development, human rights, tolerance and non-discrimination, and rule of law

Parliament magazine

Respected free news service from Dod's


EU funded project investigating electoral democracy in the EU


Well established online magazine, continuation of European Voice (held by library in print form)

Think Tank Review

Monthly publication from the Library of the Council of the EU summarising research on EU issues

Who Governs Europe? (Party Systems & Governments Observatory)

Extensive database from Nottingham University on the composition (cabinets & party systems primarily) of European governments 1848-


Cook, Chris. Routledge guide to European political archives : sources since 1945. London : Routledge, 2012. On order and Online
Cook, Chris. Sources in European political history. London : Macmillan, 1987-1991. 3 vols. Z 2000


Archives de l'Assemble nationale

Full text historical materials from the French parliament, including parliamentary debates from 1957 onwards (Les comptes rendus des debats de la IVe Republique (1er et 2 juin 1958- ); index general des travaux legislatifs en seance et en commission (1986-). Other features of the site include the full text of the current and historic French constitution; biographical information and listings of all French MPs since 1789 (Base de donnees historiques : Les deputes francais depuis 1789 ); notices et portraits des femmes deputees depuis 1945.



Geschichte der CDU

Project of the Konrad Adenaeur Stiftung


Documents on Irish Foreign Policy

Aims to provide full text access to official papers from 1919 onwards.

Irish State Administration Database

Dataset covering all national public organizations since 1922, including government departments, state agencies and state-owned enterprises free registration required for full access

Political Studies Association of Ireland

United States. North America

American Political Science Association

American Presidency Project

Longstanding project (1999) based at UCSB, now containing over 100 000 documents relating to the presidency

The Brookings Institution

Major independent think tank. Full text of many reports available.

Citizens Against Government Waste
Congress (House of Representatives)

See also:
Congress Votes Database - searchable database of all votes from 1991 (102nd Congress). Maintained by the Washington Post.
Congressional Research Service reports - Stanford maintains the most comprehensive portal to these
Thomas - Federal legislative information, including bills, Congressional Record and historical documents. Library of Congress maintains.
United States Treaty Series - digitised multilateral & bilateral treaties 1776-1949 on Library of Congress website (see also its U.S. Treaties : a beginner's guide)

Council on Foreign Relations

An independent US-based body focusing on US foreign policy, and publisher of the influential journal Foreign Affairs.

Federal Agency Directory

Maintained by Louisiana State University libraries

Foreign Relations of the United States

Official records of the foreign policy and diplomatic history of the US from 1945 to 1976 (as of 2010 - publication is ongoing). Older volumes are also available for the period 1861-1960 from a collaborative project between University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries and University of Illinois at Chicago Libraries. See also the US Secretaries of Defense historical series of freely available publications online

GPO Federal Digital System

Replaces GPO Access. From 2017 it will be replaced by Govinfo (currently beta site). Free access to official publications from about 1993 onwards, including Presidential documents, Congressional bills, documents, hearings & reports, the Congressional record, and Federal register. Also MetaLib from GPO - searches across 50+ official databases. Items retrieved include bibliographic references to books, US government reports and other materials, with links to resources available in full text

The Living Room Candidate

Film archive of presidential campaign commercials, 1952-2012


Independent database aiming to reveal the links between money and politics in the US. See also the Center for Responsive Politics website OpenSecrets.Org and the Sunlight Foundation's Transparency Data of statistical information relating to contributions made to state and federal campaigns from 1989-

NAFTA Secretariat (North American Free Trade Agreement)
National Archives

Includes full text of basic documents such as the Declaration of Independence, Constitution, & Bill of Rights

National Security Archive electronic briefing books

Provide online access to key declassified records on issues including U.S. national security, foreign policy, diplomatic and military history, and intelligence policy.

Obama White House Social Media Archive


Free access to state level government information. Maintained by the Sunlight Foundation & the Participatory Politics Foundation

RAND - U.S Security Related Agreements in Force since 1955

Trump Archive

United States Institute of Peace (USIP)

An independent, non-partisan, national institution established and funded by Congress. Full text of many reports are available.

Official government portal for searching federal & state websites

Wilson Center

Respected research institute, seeking to bring academia & public policy together on questions of domestic and international interest


Library & Archives Canada Politics & Government

Portal to resources for Canadian politics, especially official sources such as the Cabinet Conclusions database


Africa Integrity Indicators 

Annual indicators of governance from Global Integrity (2013-)

African Union (formerly the OAU)

Africa Governance Monitoring & Advocacy Project. Audits of African governments performance, overseen by the Soros Foundation. Free access to the reports, which can be browsed by country or by topic.

Common Market for Eastern & Southern Africa(COMESA)

Database of the Constitutions of Sub-Saharan Africa

Good Governance Africa

South African based organisation aiming to improve governance across the continent

Ibrahim Index of African Governance

Published by the London-based Mo Ibrahim Foundation, it measures the performance of government in 48 African nations South of the Sahara. Five major categories are covered Security; rule of law, transparency and corruption; participation and human rights; sustainable economic development and human development. It is possible to view country data from 2000 onwards

Observatoire de l'Afrique

Network of organisations concerned with peace & security in Africa


Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC)

See also the APECLIT database hosted at Monash University

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)


Global Forum of Japan

An independent non-profit organisation which seeks to promote discussion and international dialogue about the role of Japan in modern world affairs. It offers free access to material such as papers, reports and press releases.

National Diet Library

Offers a large collection of online material, some of which is in Japanese only. Includes the official gazettes (kanpo)


Thai Politics Bibliography

Compiled by Michael H. Nelson (Leeds University)

Australia. oceania

Australian Politics & Elections Database

Free access to elections results &other facts from 1890. Maintained by the University of Western Australia

Latin America

GEPPAL - Genero y Partidos Politicos en America Latina

Comparative data on men & women in Latin American political parties

LAPOP - Latin American Public Opinion Project

Surveys the citizens of Latin America on their political views' specifically on democratic values. These surveys have sought to determine the extent to which women may be excluded from political participation, the effect of education on tolerance for the rights of minorities, and the effects of government corruption on citizens. These are available for free downloading, with data back to the 1970s in some cases

Observatoire Politique de l'Amerique Latine et des Caraibes (OPALC)

Major French research centre, based at Sciences Po

Organization of American States

Middle East & North Africa. Arab countries

Arab League
Arab Reform Initiative

Network of Arab independent research institutes in the US & Europe. Includes the Arab Democracy Index (2008-)

Arab Studies Institute

Respected organization based in Washington DC & Beirut. Its ezine Jadaliyya offers useful information on current events in the region

UNDP Regional Project on Anti Corruption & Integrity in the Arab Countries (ACIAC)




British-Soviet Relations in the Cold War 1943-1953

Collaborative project offering new declassified documents online. It is possible to browse the archive topics by year or subject. Key areas are Poland, and Post war Germany.

Cold War International History Project (CWIHP)

A special programme of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, aims to provide a virtual library of government documents relating to the Cold war. In particular it seeks to make available documents from countries of the former Communist bloc. All aspects of the Cold war are covered, including its origins, detente, the Korean war, political leaders and the Cuban missile crisis

Parallel History Project

Covers both NATO and the Warsaw Pact focusing on military security declassified documents.  thousands of documents on the security aspects of the Cold War.

Prague Spring Project

Project Avalon

Yale University collection of materials covering incidents such as: Cuban Missile Crisis, U2 incident (1960)

Wilson Center Digital Archive

Cold  War origin documents and other relevant collections, including the End of the Cold War. All have full text materials for downloading.


Here are some useful starting points for comparative country studies:

CIA World Factbook

Country Studies/Area Handbook series from the Library of Congress

Somewhat dated (late 1980s/early 1990s) but occasionally useful description & analysis of various countries political, economic, social, and national security systems and institutions. For more current information see the

Europa World Year Book - held in print form at D 1.E8 on floor 2 (reference only). Holdings: 1963- (1963-1988 in store)

Political Handbook of the World - held in print form at JA 51 on floor 4 (reference only). Holdings: 1978- (some gaps)

Constitutional history. Political history. TREATIES

Avalon Project

Useful effort from Yale Law School to provide links to key documents in law, history & diplomacy, from the earliest records up until the present. Browse by period, or by theme (e.g. Cold War). Links to supporting documents

Flare Index to Treaties

Maintained by the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (University of London), FIT is a database of basic information on over 1500 key multilateral treaties from 1856 onwards. Includes links to the online versions, where available. For European treaties covering the period 1450-1789 see the Leibniz-Institut fur Europaische Geschichte (IEG) Europaische Friedensvertrage der Vormoderne online

Rise of modern constitutionalism 1776-1849

Major ongoing research project led by Horst Dippel, aims to make all constitutional documents from the period available to the public. For background information read his article

See also the US-based Comparative Constitutions Project.

Portals to texts of constitutions around the world include the ones maintained by:

Constitution Finder (University of Richmond)

Constitution Society

Constitutions Repository (Illinois University)



African Elections Project
Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA)


Asian Network for Free Elections


European Election Database (EED)

EU project coordinated by Norwegian Social Science Data Services. Coverage for 35 countries from 1990- onwards

European Elections Monitor

Handy website from the Robert Schumann Centre (France), with analysis, roundup & results of national elections for European countries since 2002

European Election Studies (EES)

This group has been studying European parliamentary elections since 1979. Some data & publications are freely accessible

European Election Study Trend File

Data from European Parliament elections for almost all EU countries in 1989, 1994, 1999 and 2004

European Voter Database (European Voter Project)

Based on the ICORE Election Studies, offers free access to electoral data from Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, Norway & Sweden. Data from 1956-2001 via GESIS


An independent site which seeks to make available information about decision-making by the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers. Offers detailed statistical tables relating to the European Parliament from 2004, including voting patterns of individual MEPs, political parties, coalitions and nation states


Archives electorales de CEVIPOF

Digital library of leaflets and ephemera 1958-

Centre de donnees socio-politiques (SciencesPo)

Electoral data back to 1965 for presidential elections, and from 1979 for European elections, 1997- for Assemblee nationale and Senat, and 1998- for regional elections


Der Bundeswahlleiter

Office of the Federal Returning Officer with election news & results

German Longitudinal Election Study (GLES)

Data available for German federal elections 2009-

GESIS Wahlstudien

Portal to election resources & data from Leibniz-Institut fur Sozialwissenschaften


Polls undertaken by the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen (Institute for Election Research) covering German political parties & issues, 1977-


ACE Electoral Knowledge Network

Launched in2006 by a consortium of institutions. Free access to resources on election administration, including country fact files

Comparative National Elections Project

Comprises national election surveys in 24 nations since 1990. Users can download many examples of datasets and questionnaires. Countries covered include Germany, Britain, the United States, Japan; Chile, Greece, Indonesia; South Africa; Spain and Uruguay. There is also a bibliography of associated publications and articles

Comparative Study of Election Systems (CSES)

Major collaborative international project which makes freely available the data from participating countries (1996-)

Election Resources on the Internet

Summary election results for countries around the world (coverage varies)

Electoral Integrity Project

Based at Harvard & Sydney universities and co-ordinated by Pippa Norris. Dataset covers around 80% of countries that hold elections, data from 2012 onwards

Global Elections Database

Formerly known as the Constituency-Level Elections (CLE) dataset. An online collection of election data which provides detail down to constituency level for 60 nations worldwide. It currently covers the period 1944-2007 providing information on legislative elections for upper and lower chambers as well as some sub-national elections. Compilation uses publicly available resources such as government departments and election commission. Datasets may be downloaded

Global Vote

Interesting exercise by Simon Anholt and colleagues, enabling individuals from any country  to vote in the elections of other countries

Index of Electoral Malpractice

Constructed by Professor Sarah Birch (Essex University). Comprises data on malpractice in elections held between 1995 and 2006 in 57 countries from Latin America, Eastern Europe & the Former Soviet Union, and Sub-Saharan Africa

International Foundation for Electoral Systems

The world's premier electoral assistance organisation, which provides news and lists of national level parliamentary & presidential elections worldwide, with results (including voter turnout where available) of elections from 1998 onwards, as well as details of forthcoming elections. Especially useful is its Election Guide

Manifesto Project (MARPOR)

Continues the work of the Comparative Manifestos Project and the Manifesto Research Group. Important source of data, especially for policy preferences - covers over 1000 parties in over 50 countries, from 1945 onwards. Includes coded and un-coded election manifestos, links to publications, etc.


Iran Data Portal

Parliamentary & presidential election results 1980-  (in English & Farsi) plus other political & social science data


Elections Ireland

Provides listings, and some analysis, of all general election results in The Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland since 1918. It also covers by-elections in Northern Ireland and Ireland from 1918 onwards, European Parliament elections in the region since 1999, and Irish presidential elections from 1938 onwards.


Israel National Election Studies

Data, reports & bibliography from 1969- onwards


Associazione ITANES

Conducts election studies and analysis of the behaviour of the Italian electorate during parliamentary and presidential elections. Its website includes a list of its articles and other publications. Users can obtain data relating to Italian elections from 1968-2006 free of charge after registration


Russia Votes

Maintained by Richard Rose at the Centre for the Study of Public Policy, Strathclyde University.

South Africa

EISA South African Election Archive

A which seeks to promote democracy in Southern Africa. Free access to resources relating to South African parliamentary elections, including EISA reports and papers relating to local and national elections in South Africa since 1994. Access to some election results


Observatorio Politico Autonomico

Specialist Spanish electoral research institute which conducts regular polls, analysis and electoral barometers of the Spanish electorate. The website provides free access to information and data from all Spanish elections dating from 2001 onwards.


BBC History - Elections

Audio & visual archive charting the BBCs election coverage since 1922

British Election Study

Currently managed by a consortium of three UK universities. Includes access to BES data from 1964 onwards

Great potential resource of digitised election leaflets (2010-) from around the country

Elections Centre (University of Plymouth)

Notable for its research on local elections and its flagship publication Local elections handbook held on floor 4 at JS 3215 (1988-)

Elections in Wales

Website & blog maintained by Roger Scully, with data back to 1979 (but mainly 2000-)

Ordnance Survey Election Maps

Free access to official maps of current UK electoral districts

UK Web Archive

Coordinated by the British Library, archives numerous websites connected with the 2005 & 2010 general elections


American National Election Studies(ANES)
Census Bureau Voting & Registration Data

Voting data from 1964 for various variables, including race, sex & age groups

Cooperative Congressional Election Study (CCES)

National stratified sample survey by YouGov/Polimetrix, with pre- and post- surveys in election years

Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections (library database)

The library subscribes to files offering state & county presidential election data 1960-2012

Election Fraud in America Database
Library of Congress US Election Statistics : a Resource Guide

A good starting point for research in this area. See also it's detailed guides to historical elections (Presidential Elections 1789-1920), and Princeton University's Elections and Voting website

New Nation Votes

Historical data for 1787-1825

Office of the Clerk Election Statistics

Official vote counts for federal elections from the various states and territories, 1920- onwards

Research Database on the US Voting System & Voting Technology

AAAS sponsored project offering free access to a catalogue of resources - including links to full text documents & articles in many cases. Covers voter behaviour, turnout, e-voting, fraud, etc. Local, state & presidential elections are included

TV Advertising
A number of useful websites, including:
Living Room Candidate - freely available archive of presidential ads from 1952- onwards
Political Communication Lab (Stanford) - selection of presidential, senate & gubernatorial ads, 1994- onwards. Includes primaries.
Political TV Ad Archive - 2016 election ads


The Hate Directory

Although not updated since 2010 this is a detailed list of US racist organisations & websites, some with connections to the far Right

Freedom of information. transparency. accountability. ethics

NOTE: for resources on Corruption see the Economics subject guide

Article 19

London based organisation campaigning worldwide for freedom of expression & freedom of information

Beacon for Freedom of Expression

International bibliographical database about censorship and freedom of expression. Based on the 1995 initiative by the Norwegian Forum for Freedom of Expression (NFFE) it is now supported by the national Library of Norway. It currently offers references to over 50,000 works relevant to the study of historic and contemporary censorship, covering more than 30 countries.

Electronic Frontier Foundation

Established organisation championing freedom, privacy & the public interest in the electronic world, also responsible for which monitors the censoring activities of companies such as Google, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, etc.

Electronic Privacy Information Center

Respected US organisation focusing on civil liberties & privacy in the online world

Freedom House

Notably its Freedom of the Press reports 2002- (or as dataset from 1980-)


Organisation concerned with attacks on musical & artistic freedom of expression. Annual global survey (2015-)

Global Open Data Index

From the Open Knowledge Foundation. Compares governments efforts in making government data open & available to the public. See also
the Open Data Barometer project of the World Wide Web Foundation and Open Data for Development to assess & encourage access to government data

Google Transparency Report

Statistics on governments enquiries about (and interference with) internet usage. See also Google efforts such as Project Shield and Unfiltered News

Information Commissioners Office

UK quango charged with upholding information rights in the public interest

International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX)
OpenNet Initiative

Body investigating government efforts at internet surveillance and censorship

Open Rights Group (ORG)

UK organisation campaigning for the protection of privacy and free speech online

Privacy International

Campaigns for the right to privacy across the world & against governments & companies (see its Surveillance Industry Index) that undermine this


A non-profit-making group founded in 1991, it encourages the publication of investigative journalism and critical research in Europe the fields of the state, justice and home affairs, civil liberties, accountability and openness. Its database offers access to thousands of articles from its publications.

Threatened Voices

Useful website from Global Voices Advocacy, logging & mapping threats, imprisonment & killing of online writers around the world


Controversial website giving access to thousands of confidential diplomatic communications leaked by whistle blowers. Other secure sites for whistle blowers to upload classified information include the Guardian's SecureDrop and SourceSure in France

Human rights. Civil liberties. RULE OF LAW

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

Main organisation for civil liberties in the US

Amnesty International

Independent organisation campaigning for internationally recognised human rights

CIRI Human Rights Data

Provides access to statistical data in 15 categories for 195 countries since 1981. Data is mainly derived fromthe US State Dept. Country Reports on Human Rights

Equality and Human Rights Commission

Independent quango charged with promoting human rights & equality in the UK. Includes Is Britain fairer? flagship project/publication

European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights

Foreign & Commonwealth Office

Human Rights and Democracy Report (2003-)

Freedom House

Includes its flagship Freedom in the World reports 1998- (or as dataset from 1973-)

Human Rights Watch

Respected US-based organisation campaigning for human rights world wide


Formerly the National Council for Civil Liberties. Major UK campaigning organisation

Political Terror Scale

Cross-national data on political repression & violence since 1976, compiled annually from Amnesty International & US State Dept. data

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Full text of international conventions and covenants is available here, also the Universal Human Rights Index for country specific information.
See also various databases

World Justice Project

Independent organisation seeking to advance the rule of law around the world. Compiles the Rule of Law Index (2012-) which attempts annual
measurement of this for 115 countries around the world using 44 different indicators.

See the Library web page for Human Rights, which provides an extensive list of relevant data sources.
See the Sociology webpage for Indigenous Peoples
See the Economics webpage for data on Child Labour

International relations. Diplomacy

British International Studies Association(BISA)
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

US-based private, non-profit organization dedicated to advancing cooperation between nations and promoting active international engagement by the United States. Founded in 1910, its work is nonpartisan and dedicated to achieving practical results.

Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI)

Respected Canadian institute, aiming to provide information about all aspects of international relations. Free access to publications

Country Indicators for Foreign Policy

Statistics & datasets conveying aspects of a country's environment for making foreign policy, includes political, economic, social & cultural information. Country reports focusing on governance, conflict risk, fragile & failed states. Based at Carleton University.

Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK)

HIIK specialises in documenting political conflicts since 1945. It also provides free access to data and online reports. These include The Cosimo datasets which contain statistical data on conflicts since 1945 and the full text of the Conflict barometer since 1997. This annual yearbook traces trends in the escalation and settlement of wars, civil wars and political conflicts. Information is offered in English or German

International Studies Association

ISA promotes the study of international relations. Provides free access to many of its annual conference papers since 2000

ISN (International Relations & Security Network)

This major Swiss programme comprises a number of elements, including an extensive digital library

United Nations Digital Library

New site which aims to bring together in one place the resources (publications, voting records, speeches) from UNBISnet in a more user friendly and mobile friendly manner. United Nations Resources & Documents is still available and constitutes a broad guide to UN resources. Full text of publications from the main committees (1993-), detailed voting record of UN members on resolutions of the General Assembly & the Security Council since 1946, and index to speeches made in the Security Council & the General Assembly since 1983.
See also the detailed research guide to UN documentation and the League of Nations Archives resource guide

World Wide Diplomatic Archives Index

Maintained by the US Department of State. A searchable database of information about the location and content of national diplomatic archives worldwide


Accountable Journalism

Database of media ethics codes from around the world and associated bibliography. See also the Ethical Journalism Network

Centre for International Media Assistance

Initiative of the US National Endowment for Democracy to promote independent media globally. Some useful free publications covering the state of media around the world

Committee to Protect Journalists

Freedom House

Notably its Freedom of the Press reports 2002- (or as dataset from 1980-) and Freedom on the Net

Global Commission on Internet Governance

Index on Censorship

International Consortium of Investigative Journalists

International Federation of Journalists

International Press Institute

Useful Media laws database and Death Watch (statistics on numbers of journalists killed)

International Women's Media Foundation

Washington based organisation seeking to support the role of female journalists around the world. See also the Global Media Monitoring Project

Media Sustainability Index

From IREX. A useful measure for comparing freedom of speech, and independence of the media across 80 countries

Reporters Without Borders

Includes access to its annual Press freedom index (2002-) & report


Analyses use of social media by world leaders & international organisations


Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF)

Seeks to safeguard media pluralism and freedom across EU member states. Produces annual Media pluralism monitor

European Journalism Observatory

Research network of European media institutes



British Universities Film & Video Council

See especially their guide to film, TV & radio collections in the UK, soon to be updated (March 2017), and Box of Broadcasts (BoB) media recording and archive service, to which the Library subscribes (key TV & radio channels have an archive back to about 2007). TRILT - the database behind BoB - has details of recordings from 1995, and it's possible to request copies of these.

Department of Media Culture and Sport

Guardian Newspaper Media webpage

House of Commons Media Culture and Sport select committee

Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO)

Independent regulator for the newspaper & magazine industry in the UK

Media Reform Coalition

Independent UK coalition of groups and individuals set up in 2011 to maximise the public interest in media &communications

National Union of Journalists

Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism

Major UK centre, based at Oxford University


Nieman Journalism Lab

Looks at the future of (US) journalism in the internet age. Based at Harvard

Pew Research Center State of the News Media

Tow Center for Digital Journalism



Newcastle University Library - useful web page on identifying fake news - world's oldest (1994) & largest fact check site. Strong US & popular element, reflecting its origins in checking out urban legends & rumour research.

Europe - see the Reuters Institute report: Rise of fact-checking sites in Europe

France Decodex (Le Monde) ; Desintox (Liberation)


Full Fact


AllSides - not a fact check site, but offers views of the same stories from the left, centre, and right of politics - Annenberg Center

Fact Checker - Washington Post

PolitiFact - Tampa Bay Times - uses government data & backed by SIEPR, Wharton, etc.

See also Hoaxy for visualisations of fake news stories & internet rumours

Political economy

International Political Economy

Section of the International Studies Association

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Political theory & philosophy

International Gramsci Society

Some online resources plus further links

International Political Theory

Academic website which seeks to guide researchers to the best writing and resources in international political theory. Includes free access to the IPT Beacon - an online journal which reprints and points users to important writings in international political theory. The site includes open access journal articles, eprints and video webcasts; book reviews; full text classic texts in political theory, etc.

Liberty Online Library

Interesting collection of texts on liberty and associated topics from all periods, assembled by the Liberty Fund

Websites for individual thinkers:

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Aims to make freely available the full text of his works (in French)

Marxism Page

Useful gateway to various online resources, including full text of the Communist Manifesto & other classic texts. Maintained by the ANU. See also the International Institute of Social History (Amsterdam) which has digitised papers of Marx & Engels from its SPD archive

Marxists' Internet Archive

Its library offers full text access to key writings of the 19th & 20th centuries & includes lesser known writers. Also see extensive list of newspapers & periodicals available digitally

Public opinion

See the Sociology web page for more information on Social Surveys



Based at Michigan State University. Surveys over a dozen countries


Asian Barometer

Led by the National Taiwan University, it conducts public opinion research into citizen's attitudes towards politics, power, reform, and democracy in Asia. Surveys cover: Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, China, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia' India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. Access to many of the datasets is currently restricted to subscribers only


Gallup Balkan Monitor


Angus Reid Institute Public Interest Research

From 2006 government bodies are required to make all surveys & polls freely accessible & the database is maintained by Libraries & Archives Canada


European Commission Public Opinion

Including the Eurobarometer survey. Data from 1973- onwards

European Social Survey



Covers French public opinion on political  topics. See also Cotes de popularites maintained by French market research specialist It provides free access to a collection of political barometers and opinion polls published regularly in Figaro-Magazine. They enable users to track the popularity of  French prime ministers, presidents & political parties from 1974 onwards.


Edelman Trust Barometer


Leading international market research & polling agency

Global Leadership Index

Project coordinated by the World economic Forum to assess public confidence in political leadership around the world

International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)

Cross-national surveys since 1985 of social attitudes and values across 50+ democracies

Pew Global Attitudes Project

Uses public opinion surveys from over 55 nations to examine trends in public opinion. Topics cover a wide range of political, economic and social indicators.

Transatlantic Trends

Annual opinion poll conducted by the German Marshall Fund and the Compagnia di San Paulo. Surveys American & European citizens views on the transatlantic relationship and related issues.

UNISYS Security Insights

Measures the security of citizens in relation to national, financial, personal & internet security in countries including UK, USA, Brazil, Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Germany and Spain

WIN/Gallup International

Alliance of Gallup & Worldwide Independent Network of Market Research. Major organisation active in many countries, some data is free

World Public Opinion

Information & analysis on public opinion from around the world on international issues. Maintained by the University of Maryland.

World Values Survey

Major cross-cultural effort to record social attitudes and behaviour around the world since 1981- (covers around 100 countries)

Latin America

LAPOP Latin American Public Opinion Project

Surveys the citizens of Latin America on their political views' specifically on democratic values. Examples include women's political participation, the effect of education on tolerance of minorities, and the effects of government corruption on citizens. Free downloads, with data back to the 1970s in some cases

Middle East. Arab countries. ISLAMIC WORLD

Arab Barometer

Cooperative project led by the Arab Reform Initiative focusing on political attitudes in Arab countries

Arab Opinion Polls

Compiled by Zogby International for the Arab American Institute

Gallup Muslim Studies


Centro de Investigaciones Sociologicas

Major conductor of public opinion polls


British Polling Council

Body representing the main UK polling organisations


Monthly polls of voters intentions since 1984

Hansard Society - Audit of Political Engagement

Respected annual survey of the public's engagement with, and opinion on, the UK political scene. 1994- onwards

Ipsos MORI

One of the leading UK pollsters

National Centre for Social Research

Independent UK social survey/research institute, specialises in large scale complex surveys for government, academia and private sector.
Flagship survey British Social Attitudes, data from 1983- is available through UK Data Service and in print in the library at HN 385.52.B7

Number Cruncher Politics

Respected blog


Official opinion pollster of the Times. Free access to selected polls from 2002 onwards


Now part of the Kantar group, but history stretches back to 1933

UK Polling Report

Independent site which collates results from other pollsters


Popular online pollster offering free access to a wide range of surveys


American Association for Public Opinion Research

An independent organisation reporting trends in US public opinion

Roper Center for Public Opinion Research (US)

Provides access to various online publications and databases of opinion polls, such as iPoll for congressional elections since 1935.

Security. Defence. Conflict. Human Security. Humanitarian Intervention. Disasters


Arms Control Association

Independent US organisation seeking to promote arms control. Useful publications

Campaign Against the Arms Trade (CAAT)

Control Arms

Umbrella organisation for campaigns to regulate the arms trade

Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI)

Respected US-based organisation seeking to minimise the risk of nuclear conflict

Small Arms Survey

An independent research project located at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. It provides access to detailed information on small arms issues. It includes summaries of its annual review of global small arms issues from 2001 onwards (the full version is held by the library in printed form at HD 9743.S6), country profiles, and a large online collection of papers, articles, documents, statistics and treaties.

UN Register of Conventional Arms

Created in 1992. Provides data on arms production, sales, and arms holdings of individual countries through its Global Reported Arms Trade database


DARA (Disaster Assistance Research Associates)

Independent body evaluating disaster response and aid effectiveness

EM-DAT International Disaster Database

Data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and press agencies. See also the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters and the IFRC's annual World Disasters Report

Human Security Report Project

Research centre affiliated to Simon Fraser University. Publications and statistics relating to human security worldwide (mainly late 1990's onwards). Includes the Mini Atlas of Human Security data on international security and conflicts since 1945, offering statistics and maps on numbers & length of national and international conflicts, child soldiers, war crimes and human rights abuses, information on the number of battle deaths and deaths from politically related violence, and basic data on UN peacekeeping missions.

Humanitarian Outcomes

Independent organisation offering research & advice for NGOs & governments. Various publications available & its Aid Worker Security Database, which has recorded violence against aid workers since 1997

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

See also its Humanitarian Data Exchange, which aims to offer a single access point to statistics from the United Nations, NGOs and other bodies, covering humanitarian issues such as refugees, food security and aid. See its Financial Tracking Service for data on humanitarian aid


Language of Peace

Cross-search the words & language used in over 1000 peace agreements since 1945-

Peace Research Institute Oslo

SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)

Including the SIPRI Multilateral Peace Operations database

UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA)

UN Peacebuilding Commission

An advisory body established in 2005. Full text reports & resolutions are available. See also the UN Peacekeeping Operations web pages and the UN Peacemaker database containing the texts of peace agreements 

Vision of Humanity

Institute for Economics & Peace website, maintaining various indexes, including World Peace Index (annual 2008-)

World Survey of Conscription & Conscientious Objection to Military Service

Useful database maintained by War Resisters' International and other organisations


European Protest & Conflict (PCD) Data

Detailed event data covering political protests in most European countries, c.1980-1995, plus additional datasets for France (May 1968), the Third Reich, and various civil wars

Nonviolent and Violent Campaigns & Outcomes (NAVCO)

Global dataset 1900-2011compiled by Erica Chenoweth & colleagues at Denver University

Some Data on Protest

Compilation by Michael Biggs (University of Oxford) of some useful datasets


Alliance Treaty Obligations & Provisions (ATOP)

Content of all military alliances signed by countries of the world between 1815 & 2003

British American Security Information Council (BASIC)

An independent analysis and advocacy organization which researches global security issues, including nuclear policies, military strategies, armaments and disarmament. It's reports are freely available online

Center for Strategic & International Studies

Washington think tank established in 1962 to focus on policy research

CIA - FOIA electronic reading room and CREST

Access to declassified & historical documents relating to US intelligence operations, counter-terrorism, etc.

Combined Arms Research Library digital library

Free access to a large collection of US digitised military documents. A full range of military history, strategy and policy topics are covered, including logistics, tactics and involvement in specific conflicts (Korean war, Vietnam War and Afghanistan).

EU Institute for Strategic Studies (EUISS)

Official EU body set up in 2002 to analyse foreign, defence & security policies. Publishes Yearbook of European Security and much else

International Institute for Security Studies (London)

Venerable institute best known for its publications The military balance and Strategic survey (available through the Albert Sloman Library in
print and online form)

National Security Archive

Independent research institute at George Washington University. The NSA collects declassified documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act. It acts as a repository of government records on a wide range of topics pertaining to the national security, foreign, intelligence, and economic policies of the US. Its electronic briefing books provide access to declassified records on issues including national security, foreign policy, diplomatic and military history, and intelligence policy.


See the NATO Archives Online for comprehensive digitised historical materials relating to the first 10 years of NATO (1949-1959)

Organization for Security & Co-operation in Europe(OSCE)

RAND - U.S Security Related Agreements in Force since 1955

Royal United Services Institute

Independent UK think tank on defence & security matters

Staff College Automated Periodicals Index (SCAMPI)

A specialised index maintained by the United States Joint Forces Staff College Library. Free access to references to journal articles (and some reports) covering military and naval science, operational warfare, joint planning, US defence policy; NATO and international military operations and weapons. The database covers the period 1985 until the present day.


Correlates of War

Various datasets that facilitate the collection, dissemination, and use of accurate and reliable quantitative data in international relations
and conflict

Crescenzi conflict data

Details of Crescenzi's publications & replication data from the studies

INSCR Data Page (Center for Systemic Peace)

The Integrated Network for Societal Conflict Research (INSCR) was established to manage data produced by the Center for Systemic Peace. Freely available datasets include:
Forcibly Displaced Populations, 1964-2008
Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946-
Political Instability Task Force (PITF), State Failure Problem Set, 1955-
High Casualty Terrorist Bombings, 1989-
Memberships in Conventional Intergovernmental Organisations (CIO), 1952-1997
Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800- (Polity IV Project)
Coups d'Etat, 1946-
State Fragility Index and Matrix, 1995-

Peace Research Institute Oslo

Respected body, offers data & reports on war, peace & the arms trade. Data sets include:
Data on armed conflict (with Uppsala CDP) 1946-
Data on governance
Geographical & resource datasets
Replication data (much from Journal of peace research)
Sexual violence in armed conflict (GEO-SVAC) 1989-2009
Small arms trade

SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)

Including the SIPRI military expenditure database with figures for over 170 countries from 1988- onwards, the SIPRI arms transfers database (data from 1950) and the SIPRI Multilateral Peace Operations database. SIPRI is also a major contributor to the Facts on International Relations & Security Trends (FIRST) database (n.b. does not appear to have been updated since 2010)

Uppsala Conflict Data Program

Datasets on armed conflicts worldwide since 1945

Statistics. data.

Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive (CNTS) Library Database

Based on the data resources of The Statesman's Yearbook, CNTS offers a listing of international and national country-data facts. Contains statistical information on a wide range of countries, with data entries ranging from 1815 to the present, so particularly useful for historical data.

GDELT (Global Database of Events, Language and Tone)

Massive project to comprehensively monitor news media around the world (over 100 languages) and make available very large datasets requiring big data analysis. Current databases are listed here and include:
GDELT 1.0 & GDELT 2.0    event data 1979-
American Television  July 2009-
Africa & the Middle East academic literature    1950-2012
Human Rights Knowledge Graph    1960-2014
Historical American Books Archive    1800-2015
Visual Global Knowledge Graph    December 2015-         

Good Country Index

Newish project, brainchild of Simon Anholt, ranks countries by their contribution to the global good, taking into account their relative sizes. Also has an interesting Global Vote section, which enables individuals from any country  to vote in the elections of other countries

Institute for Economics & Peace

Developed the Global Peace Index - an interesting attempt to measure the absence of violence

KOF Index of Globalization

Interesting attempt to quantify levels of globalisation among countries. Data from 1970 onwards.

Minorities at Risk

Originally collected by Ted Robert Gurr, tracks around 300 politically active ethnic minorities around the world since 1945

Political Data Yearbook Interactive (PDYi)

Published annually as the December issue of the respected ECPR journal, European journal of political research, and now available in database form. Election results, referenda, changes in government, and institutional reforms for a range of countries, within and beyond the EU.

Social, Political & Economic Event Database Project (SPEED)

Potentially useful data set comprising data on destabilising events such as coups, revolutions and political and economic upheaval, derived from global news sources, by the Cline Center, University of Illinois. Coverage is 1945-2005

UK Data Service - Politics

Portal to the major datasets relating to politics, mostly UK but some European and International


Major portal to over 30 UN databases


The Library has no access to comprehensive data on political risk, most of which is only available commercially for large sums of money. Some information can be garnered from the following annual sources:
1. Business Monitor International - Business Forecast Reports
These are available for through library database Business Source Ultimate and include measures of economic and political risk (2004- onwards ; embargo on current 2 years). Log on to BSU, click on publications (menu bar at top), and type in country + business forecast report, e.g.: Chinas business forecast report
2. Political Risk Services - Political Risk Yearbook
PRS is the pre-eminent company in this field. The library does not subscribe, but Political Risk Yearbook country reports are available on Business Source Ultimate from 2009- onwards. Log on to BSU, click on publications (menu bar at top), and type in "political risk" to get a list of the reports A/Z by country
3. World Economic Forum Global Risks report (2006- onwards)


Boix-Miller-Rosato (BMR) Dichotomous Coding of Democracy 1800-2010

Cheibub's Democracy-Dictatorship Data 1946-2008

Direct Democracy Database

Research & data on referendums worldwide since 1993, hosted by Zurich University

Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index

Seeks to measure democracy globally across all countries. Indices for 2007- also available (registration required)

Freedom House

Presents an overview of the state of democracy around the globe today. See especially its Freedom in the World comparative & historical data. Free reports online assess civil liberties and political rights, freedom of the press, and freedom of religion, both for specific countries and around the world generally

Our World in Data - Democracy

Useful introduction with links to data sources

Political Regime Characteristics (Polity IV)

Longstanding project from the Center for Systemic Peace offering extensive data on regime type & regime changes 1800-

State of Democracy Assessments

Differs from most other measures by encouraging local actors to participate in assessing the state of democracy in their country. Developed by IDEA with input from the Essex Human Rights Centre. Selected countries only

Vanhanen's Index of Democracy

Global coverage 1810-2000, used as the basis for the author's books

Varieties of Democracy

Global project seeking better indicators of democracy. All countries. Data from 1900-


Bertelsmann Transformation Index

BTI is a project of the Bertelsmann Stiftung. Analyses the state of democracy and economy in over 119 nations from 2003 onwards to produce a global ranking. Also country reports that analyse the state of democracy, the political system, political management, rule of law and economic development and transition.


Governance indicators from key public databases consolidated for all countries in the world. Compiled by the Inter-American Development Bank.

Democracy Audits & Governmental Indicators

APSA project to assess the current state of indicators and indexes for measuring democracy and government performance. Free access to lists and assessments of current indexes used, plus bibliographies of articles on their usage and accuracy. Topics include measures of democracy, human rights, corruption, press freedom, state fragility

Ethnic Composition Data

Tanja Ellingsen's data on ethnic, religious, and linguistic characteristics for a global sample of states 1945-1994. See also the Composition of Ethnic & Religious Groups (CREG) data from the Cline Center, University of Illinois. Covers over 100 countries from 1940s onwards.

Fragile States Index

Compiled annually since 2005 by Fund for Peace

Global Integrity

US based independent organisation. Assesses standards of governance and levels of corruption worldwide. The results are published in the Global Integrity Index and as detailed Country Reports - data can be downloaded (2004 onwards)

Government at a Glance (OECD)

Key data from 30 or so OECD countries relating to governance and public administration. Also held in printed form by the Library

Quality of Government Institute

Research centre at Goteborg University, offers free access to datasets on governance & quality of government indicators (cross-national time series data from 1946 onwards)

Transparency International

Anti-corruption NGO with 90 national chapters around the world. It is committed to raising awareness about corruption, advocating reform & implementation of multilateral conventions, and monitoring compliance. Its website includes various surveys & indices, such as the Corruption Perceptions Index, and its major publication - the Global Corruption Report (from 2001).

UN E-Government Survey

Worldwide rankings of e-government delivery 2003-

Worldwide Governance Indicators

The WGI project is an initiative of the World Bank. Annual data from 1996- for over 200 nations using 6 measures of governance: political accountability; political stability and violence; government effectiveness; regulatory control; rule of law and extent and control of corruption.

See also the Library web page on Statistics

Terrorism. Political Violence

Researchers may find the chapter by Ivan Sascha Sheehan "Assessing and comparing data sources for terrorism research" (2012) useful reading

Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism - suicide attack database

Europol Terrorism

International Center for the Study of Terrorism

ICST is a research consortium of universities and educational institutions, headed by Pennsylvania State University. Free access to details about ongoing projects with links to some full text papers and reports

Mapping Militant Organisations

Stanford University project mapping militancy over time & space

RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents (RDWTI)

Well known database, freely accessible, of terrorist incidents recorded between 1968 and 2009

START (National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism)

Centre associated with the US Department of Homeland Security. Useful free access databases including - Global Terrorism Database which provides information on terrorist attacks, bombings and incidents worldwide from 1970- onwards. The GTD incorporates the Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (2004-2012), which was maintained by the National Counterterrorism Center until 2012. Also the useful BAAD Database (Big, Allied & Dangerous) about terrorist groups around the world

Terrorism in Western Europe Events Data (TWEED)

Useful data set in SPSS format from Jan Oskar Engene (Bergen University), covering terrorist incidents in West European countries between 1950 and 2004. Countries covered are: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

US Department of State - country reports on terrorism 2004-

Visual resources. Maps. Film. Photographs

AP Archive

Film & video archive of the renowned AP press agency. Material from 1895 onwards

British Cartoon Archive

Based at Kent University

British Library Maps

The national map collection. See also British Library Georeferencer for historic maps overlaid onto current map locations

Center for the Study of Political Graphics

Holds the largest archive of post WW2 graphics in the US. Some have been digitised and are freely available.

David Rumsey Map Collection

Nearly 50000 historic maps, especially strong coverage of North America & Latin America 18-19th centuries.


Interesting collection of historic photographs from European news agencies hosted on the Europeana website


Free access to thousands of US government films

Harvard Map Collection

Currently over 1000 digitised maps & atlases from the extensive collections are available

Joseph A. Labadie Collection (University of Michigan)

Renowned collection on social & political protest, anarchism & related topics. Partly digitised - in particular the political posters

Learn Out Loud

Free audio & video resources for educational purposes

Old Maps Online

JISC funded project to digitise UK & European map collections

Public Information Films from the UK National Archives

Official British government films from 1945 onwards

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection

Extensive collection of maps digitised by the University of Texas at Austin


International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics

News on conferences and events; fact files on women's political involvement in specific countries and online discussion forums. It also contains a large online library of full text reports, papers and handbooks.

IPSA Gender Monitoring Report

Attempt to track the representation & status of women in political science associations around the world


Global database of gender quotas in national political systems

Women In National Parliaments

Database maintained by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, which also compiles the Women in Politics Bibliographic Database containing bibliographic references to books, reports and journal articles on all aspects of women's participation in political life worldwide.

N.B. Further resources on women can be found on the Sociology web page


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