Human Rights

Human Rights: Treaties - Further Sources and Research Guides

UN Treaties

OHCHR: List of Treaties

Contains the text and status information for all UN human rights related international instruments.

UN Treaty Series Collection

Electronic database for the official UN texts.

Treaty Bodies Database

Contains the texts of the treaties governing the treaty bodies plus status information.

Bayefsky.com

Its aim is to enhance the implementation of the human rights legal standards of the United Nations and to increase access to these documents by making materials associated with the treaty system available in electronic and user-friendly form.

International Law Commission

Established in 1948, the International Law Commission's mandate is the progressive development and codification of international law, in accordance with article 13(1)(a) of the Charter of the United Nations.. The site contains texts, instruments and reports, documentation such as yearbooks, annual reports and summaries. The site also includes ananalytical guide to the work of the Commission including the broad headings of: sources of international law; subjects of international law; succession of states; state jurisdiction/immunity from jurisdictions; law of international organizations; position of the individual in international law; international criminal law; law of international spaces; law of international relations; and settlement of disputes.

Council Of Europe

Conventions

Council of Europe website containing the complete listing of Council of Europe treaties, including the full text and explanatory reports.

European Conventions and Agreements: European Treaty Series

Print collection located in The Library at J 273 on Floor 4.

Inter-American System

Organisation of American States: Treaties

Treaty page from the OAS, Dept. of Legal Affairs. The site contains the text of the treaties and signatories & ratifications by year, subject and alphabetically.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Basic Texts

This site contains all the basic texts of treaties, declarations and protocols pertaining to human rights in the Inter-American system, plus signatures and ratification information.

University of Minnesota: Human Rights Library: Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Contains the text of the Charter of the Organization of American States; the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man; and the American Convention on Human Rights.

African Union

African Union: Official Site

Contains the text of all AU treaties plus status of ratification.

African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights

Contains the text of the African [Banjul] Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, plus the Constitutive Act of the African Union.

African Human Rights Instruments

From the African Resource Centre, Human Rights Library, University of Minnesota the site contains the text of treaties and status information.

Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria: Treaties

Contains the text of AU treaties.

Geneva Conventions

OHCHR: List of Treaties

Includes a section on humanitarian law and the bottom of the page, site includes the text of the treaties plus status.

International Committee of the Red Cross: Geneva Conventions

Site includes the text of the treaties plus commentary.

International Humanitarian Law database

Another site from ICRC containing about 100 IHL treaties, commentaries on the four Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, an up-to-date list of signatures and ratifications and full text of reservations.

National Implementation Database

Again a site from the ICRC providing documentation and commentaries concerning the implementation of international humanitarian law at national level. The number of States included will steadily increase over time.

Research Guides

The Albert Sloman Library Human Rights Guide

Includes terminology and paper and online sources. See also the sections on treaties,UN treaties, Council of Europe treaties, Inter-American treaties and the African Union.

Key Terms in the UN Treaty Collection

Definitions of terms used in relation to treaties, provided as part of the UN Treaty Collection Database (see above)

Glossary of Terms relating to treaty actions

Provided as part of the UN Treaty Collection Database (see above).

À la Recherche des Travaux Préparatoires: An Approach to Researching the Drafting History of International Agreements

Written by Jonathan Pratter this is an excellent research guide for those interested in tracing Travaux Préparatoires.

International Case-Law

Web Directories

World War I Archive

This archive of primary documents from World War One has been assembled by volunteers of the World War I Military History List (WWI-L). International in focus, the archive intends to present in one location primary documents concerning the Great War. From pre-1914 to post-1918.

Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy

From Yale Law School the site includes documents from 4000BCE to the 21st Century.

International Court of Justice

International Court of Justice is the main judicial body of the United Nations. The main publication for ICJ case law is called:

Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions, and Orders KZ 210 .I6 or Online journal

The print version is the authorised version but it is a number of years in arrears due to the lengthy publishing process. Electronic versions of recent judgements are 'uncorrected' (electronic versions of older judgements will vary between being an electronic copy of the print 'authorised' text and the 'uncorrected' version).

Other Sources:

ICJ Website

Case-law is available from 1947 to present on this free, open access website.

Westlaw & Lexis Library

Case-law is available on both these subscription online services from 1947 to present. Direct links to these e-versions are available from the library catalogue. Click on the link above, and then click 'view the full text on Westlaw' or 'view the full text on Lexis Library'.

International Law Reports

ILR is a print publication which reproduces international case-law from a number of international courts and some selected important foreign domestic case-law.

Oxford Reports on International Law

Oxford Reports on International Law (ORIL) brings together decisions on public international law from international courts and tribunals, domestic courts and ad hoc tribunals.

Human Rights Committee

Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law )

Includes reports of decisions from: European Court of Human Rights; Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights; African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights; UN Human Rights Committee; Committee Against Torture; Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; and Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.  

International Law Reports

ILR is a print publication which reproduces international case-law from a number of international courts and some selected important foreign domestic case-law.

Treaty Bodies Database

Part of the OHCHR website, this is a searchable database containing documents from all the treaty bodies. To find case-law (or restrict your search to case-law only) choose 'Jurisprudence' in the 'Type' field.

UN Official Documents System (ODS)

A searchable database of UN documents. To search case-law for a particular treaty body enter the committee abbreviation in the Document Symbol field e.g. CCPR, CAT, CRC, C.12 (CESCR), CERD, CMW, CEDAW, CRPD.

University of Minnesota: Human Rights Library

All Human Rights Committee case-law - full text.

Other Treaty Bodies

Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law )

Includes reports of decisions from: European Court of Human Rights; Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights; African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights; UN Human Rights Committee; Committee Against Torture; Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; and Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.

Treaty Bodies Database

Part of the OHCHR website, this is a searchable database containing documents from all the treaty bodies. To find case-law (or restrict your search to case-law only) choose 'Jurisprudence' in the 'Type' field.

UN Official Documents System (ODS)

A searchable database of UN documents. To search for case-law for a particular treaty body enter the committee abbreviation in the Document Symbol field e.g. CCPR, CAT, CRC, C.12 (CESCR), CERD, CMW, CEDAW, CRPD.

Annual Reports of the Treaty Bodies

Annual reports are available online on the Treaty Bodies Database and UN Official documents system above.

University of Minnesota: Human Rights Library

Contains case-law from all of the Treaty Bodies

International Criminal Court

In July 1998 in Rome, Member States of the United Nations adopted a treaty to establish a permanent international criminal court. The Court has a mandate to try individuals and to hold them accountable for crimes of concern to the international community i.e. genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, and, eventually, the crime of aggression. The Court only has jurisdiction over crimes committed after 1 July 2002, when the Statute entered into force.

Oxford Reports on International Criminal Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law)

Includes reports of cases from: International Criminal Court (ICC); International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY); International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR); Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL); Iraqi Special Tribunal; Extraordinary Chambers for Cambodia

International Criminal Tribunals

Annotated leading cases of international criminal tribunals / André Klip and Göran Sluiter (eds.) KZ 6310.A6
International Law Reports

ILR is a print publication which reproduces international case-law from a number of international courts and some important selected foreign domestic case-law.

Oxford Reports on International Criminal Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law)

Includes reports of cases from: ICC; ICTY; ICTR; SCSL; IST; and ECC

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

The ICTY is a body of the United Nations (UN) established to prosecute serious crimes committed during the wars in the former Yugoslavia.

Westlaw

To access ICTY on Westlaw go to Westlaw internatinal under the services tab.

War Crimes Research Office Washington College of Law - ICTY Summaries

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Created in 1994 by United Nations Security Council for the prosecution of offenses committed in Rwanda.

Westlaw

To access the ICTR on Westlaw go to Westlaw internatinal under the services tab.

War Crimes Research Office, Washington College of Law - ICTR Summaries

Other Tribunals

Special Court for Sierra Leone website
International Military Tribunal for Germany

Part of the Avalon Project: Documents in Law, Diplomacy and History based at Yale Law School.

European Court of Human Rights

The European Court of Human Rights is the judicial institution that supports the European Convention on Human Rights and is part of the Council of Europe.

The official printed version of reports:

  • Publications of the European Court of Human Rights Series A, Judgments and Decisions (ECHR A) JC 599.E7
  • Publications of the European Court of Human Rights Series B, Pleadings, Oral Arguments, and Documents (ECHR B) JC 599.E7
  • Decisions and Reports of the European Committee on Human Rights (D & R) JC 599.E7.

Have merged to form:

  • Reports of judgments and decisions (Report)/ European Court of Human Rights JC 599.E7
HUDOC http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/

Is the official database for The European Court of Human Rights documentation and it holds: Decisions, Judgments and Advisory Opinions of the Court; Reports of the European Commission of Human Rights (up to 31st October 1999); and Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers.

European Human Rights Reports (EHRR) JC 599.E7 and Online journal

The European Human Rights Reports are a commercial version of reports of the European Court of Human Rights and are published by Sweet & Maxwell. The reports are available in The Library in print or electronic format (see links above). The electronic version is available on the database Westlaw, for a direct link to the EHRR file on Westlaw, click the 'Online journal' link above, and then click 'view the full text on ...'.

Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law )

Includes reports of decisions from: European Court of Human Rights; Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights; African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights; UN Human Rights Committee; Committee Against Torture; Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; and Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.  

International Law Reports

ILR is a print publication which reproduces international case-law from a number of international courts and some selected important foreign domestic case-law.

European Committee of Social Rights

The mission of the European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR) is to with the provisions of the European Social Charter.

Collective complaints

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law )

Includes reports of decisions from: European Court of Human Rights; Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights; African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights; UN Human Rights Committee; Committee Against Torture; Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; and Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.

International Law Reports

ILR is a publication & database which reproduces international case-law from a number of international courts and some selected important foreign domestic case-law.

Communications (or cases) from the Inter-American Commission are reported in the annual report. The annual report can be found at the following sites:
Annual Report of the Inter-American Commission

Part of the official site of the Commission, this site contains the annual reports from 1971 onwards (1971-1990 in Spanish only)

University of Minnesota Human Rights Library: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Contains the Commission's Annual Reports from 1991 onwards.

Inter-American Human Rights Database

Contains the Annual Reports from 1971 onwards.

Other sources:

Inter-American Yearbook on Human Rights

An annual publication which contains publications and reports from the Inter-American system. Vol.1 covers the Commission and Vol.2 covers the Court.

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

International Law Reports

ILR is a print publication which reproduces international case-law from a number of international courts and some selected important foreign domestic case-law.

Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law )

Includes reports of decisions from: European Court of Human Rights; Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights; African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights; UN Human Rights Committee; Committee Against Torture; Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; and Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.

Inter-American Court of Human Rights Website

Contains: Decisions and Judgements; Advisory Opinions; Provisional Measures; Compliance with Judgments; and can be browsed by country.

University of Minnesota Human Rights Library: Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Inter-American Yearbook on Human Rights

An annual publication which contains publications and reports from the Inter-American system. Vol.1 covers the Commission and Vol.2 covers the Court.

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

Decisions and Views of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

Provided by the University of Minnesota: Human Rights Library.

Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law (part of Oxford Reports on International Law )

Includes reports of decisions from: European Court of Human Rights; Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights; African Court of Human and Peoples' Rights; UN Human Rights Committee; Committee Against Torture; Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination; and Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.

Human Rights: Websites and Portals

General Human Rights Resources

EISIL: International Human Rights Law

EISIL has been developed, with the support of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, by the American Society of International Law (ASIL), a scholarly association that has been a leader in the analysis, dissemination and development of international law since 1906.

University of Minnesota: Human Rights Library

The University of Minnesota Human Rights Library houses one of the largest collections of more than sixty thousand core human rights documents, including several hundred human rights treaties and other primary international human rights instruments. The site also provides access to more than four thousands links and a unique search device for multiple human rights sites. Documents are available in nine languages - Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish.

OHCHR

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) represents the world's commitment to universal ideals of human dignity. We have a unique mandate from the international community to promote and protect all human rights.

WorldLII

The World Legal Information Institute (WorldLII) is a free, independent and non-profit global legal research facility developed collaboratively by the following Legal Information Institutes and other organisations.

ESCR-Net

ESCR-Net Members —over 280 social movements, NGOs and advocates across 75 countries— “seek to build a global movement to make human rights and social justice a reality for all.

RefWorld

Documentation portal for the UNHCR.

Bayefsky.com

Bayefsky.com was designed for the purpose of enhancing the implementation of the human rights legal standards of the United Nations. Accessibility to UN human rights norms by individuals everywhere is fundamental to their successful realization. The information provided herein encompasses a range of data concerning the application of the UN human rights treaty system by its monitoring treaty bodies since their inauguration in the 1970's.

Human Rights Atlas

The Human Rights Atlas, first launched in 2011, is the most comprehensive tool of its kind, offering students, researchers and practitioners an easy-to-use picture of how human rights are evolving around the world year-by-year

Amnesty International

Major human rights organisation.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (U.S. Dept. of State)

The Country Reports on Human Rights Practices are submitted annually by the U.S. Department of State to the U.S. Congress under the Foreign Assistance Act 1961. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1999 onwards.

Children and Armed Conflict Unit: Country Profiles (University of Essex)

Provides country specific information on conflict areas, both past and present, and on countries with related issues affecting children. The country-specific information includes background on the conflict, the most recent conflict developments, NGO and IGO links, field activity and comment, reports and analysis from organisations and journalists. In addition, it contains relevant international and national agreements and legislation.

Derechos: Around the World

Derechos Human Rights is an international organization working for the respect and promotion of human rights all over the world. This section of the site contains links to websites, NGO's and reports from around the world.

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch is one of the world’s leading independent organizations and the website is an excellent resource for finding reports on individual countries.

ICRC: International Implementation Database

Covers the implementation of International Humanitarian Law at national level.

Guide to Law Online

An alphabetical list of legal links for countries provided by the US Library of Congress.

NatLex

Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation maintained by the ILO's International Labour Standards Department. NATLEX contains over 65,000 records covering over 190 countries and over 160 territories and subdivisions, and all efforts are made to keep the database up-to-date.

OneWorld Network

Governed by the OneWorld International Foundation, OneWorld is a global participatory media network. This section on the OneWorld UK site contains links to the OneWorld network around the world. See also:OneWorldUK Guides: Country Guides

Treaty Bodies Database

Database which allows you to find UN documents and reports on particular countries. See also the Treaty Bodies Database older version which allows you to check the reporting status of a particular country and treaty, i.e. submitted by country or treaty, overdue by country or treaty, due by country or treaty.

Universal Human Rights Index

The database provides easy access to country-specific human rights information emanating from international human rights mechanisms in the United Nations system: the Treaty Bodies, the Special Procedures and the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). This tool aims at raising awareness of the human rights recommendations coming from these mechanisms and assisting governments, civil society organizations, national human rights institutions, and United Nations partners with their implementation. The Index allows the user to find out about human rights issues worldwide, and to see how the legal interpretation of international human rights law has evolved over the past ten years.



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