Resources for Economics

Economics (General). Organisations

American Economic Association

Brookings Institution

Respected US policy institute

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Economics Network of the Higher Education Academy

Free resources for UK university teachers of economics

Institute for Social & Economic Research (ISER, University of Essex)

International Monetary Fund

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Peterson Institute for International Economics

(formerly the Institute for International Economics)

Resources for Economists on the Internet (RFE)

Sponsored by the American Economic Association, a well organised list of resources arranged by subject.

World Bank

World Economic Forum



Business Source Ultimate (Library database)

Hosts many important journals in economics and finance. Also includes country surveys from OECD (click on publications and type "OECD country surveys") and others, and some country risk data sourced from Business Monitor International, CountryWatch, IHS, MarketLine, OECD, and Political Risk Services (PRS)


Literature in economics and business aggregated by the German National Library of Economics (ZBW) and Leibniz Information Center for Economics (some full text)

JSTOR (Library database)

Major resource for economics and finance, containing full text archive of many of the top journals. Coverage is usually from first volume published, which in some cases is back to the 19th century. Usually an embargo on content for recent (3-5) years of many journals, so check library catalogue to see if access is available elsewhere.

ScienceDirect (Library database)

Important journals database from Elsevier, publisher of many top titles in economics & finance


Useful portal hosted by Cornell offering free access to huge numbers of e-prints in quantitative finance, statistics, computing, physics & maths

CEPR Discussion Papers (Library subscription)

Online papers of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (London) from no. 1- (1984-) onwards.

NBER Working Papers (Library subscription)

The library subscribes to the papers of the National Bureau of Economic Research (US) from 1994- onwards.

Research Papers in Economics (RePEc)

A collaborative effort to enhance the dissemination of research in economics. The core is a database of working papers, journal articles and software components

Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

Access to the full text of numerous working papers in economics, finance, and other areas of the social sciences.


Economist.Com (Library Database) and Economist Historical Archive (Library Database)

Website of the Economist magazine with articles from 1997 & much additional material. The Economist Historical Archive offers the full text of all articles from 1843 onwards.

FT.Com (Library Database) & FT Historical Archive (Library Database)

FT.Com website offers a 5 year archive of articles from the Financial Times, plus lots more web only content. Register for access. The FT Historical Archive has the full text of articles right back to 1888.


Excellent policy portal/blog from the CEPR



A range of general economics dictionaries are available for reference purposes and can be found on floor 3 at HB 61

Concise Encyclopedia of Economics

Online effort from the free market Liberty Fund

Economist Economics A-Z

Basic definitions

New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics (Library subscription)

Content from the 2nd edition (2008) plus articles added since then on an ongoing basis. Authoritative & pretty comprehensive, a good starting point for research on almost any topic.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Multi-volume work edited by the respected economist Joel Mokyr. HC 15 (floor 3)


Ebook Central (Library Database)

Access to thousands of academic books in the social sciences. Search by author, title, subject, or within the full text of all titles.

EBSCOhost Ebook Collection (Library Database)

Access to tens of thousands of electronic books across all subject areas

GATT Digital Library

Around 60 000 full text documents produced by GATT from 1947 to 1994, covering all aspects of international trade

IMF eLibrary

Entire publication output of the IMF since 1951

Oxford Scholarship Online (Economics and Finance) Library Database

Hundreds of ebooks in economics and finance published by Oxford University Press.


Major policy research institute across the social sciences, providing free access to publications


African Development Bank

Including flagship publications African development report and African statistical yearbook

African Economic Research Consortium

Network of African researchers, offers access to members working papers

UN Economic Commission for Africa

UN agency involved in African development, offers an extensive repository of its full text publications, notably:
African statistical yearbook (UN Economic Commission for Africa) Online (2006-)

OECD Data - South Africa



Asian Development Bank

OECD Data - China, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Korea

UN Economic & Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)


Arab Development Portal

Collaborative effort to provide easy access to data (from 2000-) and publications from the region. English or Arabic

UN Economic & Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)


The Albert Sloman Library was for many years an official European Documentation Centre, receiving publications on a selective basis. Historical series of statistics are kept at J 291 on floor 4 and in store (see catalogue for details - search for: keyword(s) europe* statistics).
A few examples of historical publications held:
Agriculture: statistical yearbook 1976-1996, 1992/2001 J 291.52.Y4
Community budget: the facts in figures
1988-1990, 1995-2000 J 280.62.B8
European Communities: financial report
1987-2005 J 280.62.F5
European competitiveness report 2000- J 286.22.E8
European economy 1978-2013 J 286.2.E83 and Online (1996-2015)

EU bookshop

Free digitised versions of many EU publications, including some older titles.

European Business Performance Database

Project coordinated by Bocconi University. Survey data from 5 benchmark years for 8 countries: Britain, Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Finland. Return on equity & sharholders' returns are the two principal variables

European Data Portal

Gateway to open access datasets from governments of the EU member countries, such as the UKs

European State Finance Database

Collaborative project, covering historical (i.e. from medieval period to the 19th century) financial economics and including a diverse range of data.


Official EU statistics database, excellent source of data for many topics.

Market Access Database

Aims at providing EU businesses with data on trade, trade barriers, applied tariffs (import duties & internal taxes). See also customs tariffs data from TARIC


Great source, covering most European countries and many topics.

Taxes in Europe Database

Compiled by the European Commission covers all main taxes of EU member countries (personal income tax, corporate tax, VAT, harmonised excise duties, and main social security contributions.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

Includes some useful data culled from various sources (back to about 1990). For older data see its flagship publication:
Economic survey of Europe
(ECE) 1947-2005 HC 240.6.E3 and Online (1998-2005)


European Bank for Reconstruction & Development

Responsible for funding projects in the transition economies of Central & Eastern Europe.
See especially the annual Transition Report HC 1.T7 and Online (1994-)

OECD Data - Russian Federation

Historical print publications are numerous, including the Economist Intelligence Unit:
Country profile. Russia
(Economist Intelligence Unit) 1992/93-2006 HC 331.A1E41
Continuation in part of: Country profile. USSR 1986/87-1992/93 HC 331.A1E31
Other EIU Country profiles are held at HC 337 for the constituent countries of the region (up until 2005)
see also:
Sotsialno-ekonomicheskoe polozhenie Rossii
1995-2008 HC 331.A1S4


Crisis Observatory

Publications & data relating to the Greek economic crisis

Great Britain

In addition to the major resources listed below, the Albert Sloman Library has extensive holdings of UK statistical series. For a list, with links to online where available, please view the detailed list of UK economic statistics


Dept. for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy

Offers a wide range of statistics on businesses, education, regional development, & competitiveness

Historical Trade Directories of England & Wales

Digitised from Leicester University Library's special collections, covers 1760-1919


Bank of England

Particularly its Research Datasets and Statistics web pages. See also:
Financial stability report/review Online (1996-) and Inflation report Online (1993-)

London Stock Exchange

Stock Exchange Yearbook (1875-2011)

Annual directory at HF 1.S8 (various titles, some in store or on microfilm). Ceased publication


Adam Smith Institute

UK free-market think tank


Digitised maps and geospatial data available to the UK academic community

Economic Research Council

Britain's oldest economics think tank (1943)

Institute for Fiscal Studies

Institute of Economic Affairs

The UK's premier  free market think-tank, founded in 1955. Full text of its publications are freely available online from 2001 onwards.

National Institute of Social & Economic Research

Long established policy institute. The National Institute economic review 1959- HB 1.N2 and Online (1959-) has forecasts for the UK, world, and selected key economies

New Economics Foundation

Independent progressive think tank concerned with economic well-being & quality of life. Full text of all publications freely available.


Grant Thornton Vibrant Economy Index

Ranks local authority areas and incorporates variables such as health, happiness, social equality and sustainability

OECD Data - UK

Office for National Statistics

Official UK statistics site : see the Economy homepage.



Official labour market statistics from the ONS for the UK, includes employment, unemployment, vacancies and the Labour Force Survey

ONS Employment & Labour Market

See useful guide: A guide to labour market statistics by R. Clegg Online (2016, regularly updated)

Pensions & Lifetime Savings Association (PLSA)

Formerly National Association of Pension Funds, the voice of workplace pensions. Other organisations with interests in this area include the TUC,  IFS, and ONS

UK Data Service

Based at the University of Essex, UKDS holds the largest collection of social science digital data in the UK. Some relevant & ongoing surveys  include: Labour Force Survey ; Living Costs & Food Survey; Understanding Society. Browse by theme or key data to get an idea of the main data sets available

UK Finance

New body representing organisations in the banking, credit & payments sector



Treasury details of recent UK budgets. See also the Office for Budget Responsibility. Institute for Fiscal Studies has analysis of budgets from 2003 (& green budgets from 2001)

HMRC (Her Majesty's Revenue & Customs)
And earlier print series, notably Inland Revenue statistics 1970-2000 ceased publication HJ 2600

Local government financial statistics (England) 1984/85, 1995-1996 p HJ 9423 and Online (2000-)

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

Maintains the UK Economic Accounts dataset - time series data from 1987 (1948 for some variables). See also:
United Kingdom national accounts
 (Blue book) 1984-2004 HC 256.5 and Online (2000-).
Continuation of: National income and expenditure 1946/52-1983 HC 256.5
Guides: National accounts statistics: sources and methods 1968, R. Maurice HJ 9925.G7 Updated by:
A short guide to the UK national accounts 2015 P. Lee et al Online

Public Accounts Committee

Parliamentary body with oversight of value for money and accountability of public funds

Latin America

In addition to the major online resources listed below, the Albert Sloman Library has good holdings of statistical sources. Some of the main publications and series are recorded in this list of additional resources

China-Latin America Finance Database

Interesting project revealing the tremendous scale of Chinese loans to some Latin American countries

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

UN regional organisation for Latin American development. Statistics available through its CEPALSTAT database, and full text of tens
of thousands of publications 1948-

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Maintains a large number of social, political & economic Datasets, notably its Latin Macro Watch

Latin American & Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA)

Montevideo-Oxford Latin American Economic History Database (MOxLAD)

MOxLAD is maintained by the Latin American Centre at Oxford University and contains statistical series for a wide range of economic and social indicators covering twenty countries in the region for the period 1900-2010 (extending back to 1870)

for members: Brazil, Chile, Mexico

SEDLAC - Socio-Economic Database for Latin America

A wide range of data on poverty, income, inequality & other socio-economic indicators for Latin American countries. Includes data from over 200 household surveys. Maintained by CEDLAS & the World Bank


OAS information on trade policy for Latin American countries, including text of official agreements and links to data

United States

Agricultural Statistics

Historical statistics from the US Dept. of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) covering 1936-

Business statistics of the United States 1996- HC 106.5 and Online (2002-)
Useful for historical data (figures from 1890-)

Bureau of Economic Analysis (Dept. of Commerce)

Provides data on national accounts, also regional, industry and international accounts. Longstanding publication:
Survey of current business (Bureau of Economic Analysis) 1960-2013 Store C HC 1.S8 and Online (1921-)

Bureau of Labor Statistics

Government body offering official stats on: employment, unemployment, pay, benefits, productivity, working conditions, time use, prices, spending, inflation

Census Bureau

Government body responsible for the census every 10 years (population & housing), an economic census every 5 years, and collects regular indicators of economic activity. Also its:
Statistical abstract of the United States (key official statistical compendium), 1915-2012 (some gaps) at HA 202, and Online (1878-2012). Ceased publication. 

Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research (FRASER)

FRASER is a digital library of US economic, banking & financial history (especially the history of the Federal Reserve System). Publications and data on the US economy back to c.1900. See also:
Annual report of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System 1963-1997 HG 1.F35 and Online (1914-)
Federal Reserve bulletin 1945-1987 (incomplete) HG 1.F33 and Online (1915-)


Counterpart to FRASER. Rich repository for US and international economic & financial data. Includes the NBER Macrohistory Database (focus on pre-1945 period, including production, construction, employment, money, prices, asset markets, foreign trade, government
activity. Some coverage of France, Germany, UK)


Leading & long-established data archive for the social & behavioural sciences, based at University of Michigan

OECD Data - US

Pew Research Center

Respected independent "fact tank" applies public opinion analysis and data driven research to a range of issues (mostly US). Does not take policy positions. Publications and datasets available.


Data on national debt, interest rates, etc. See also: Treasury bulletin 1965-2007  HG 1.T7 and Online (1939-). Maintains USAspending giving details of US government spending

Data. Statistics

Note: The sources listed below are general & global in their coverage. For individual countries or subjects, see the resources listed under each country or subject. See also the Bureau of Labor Statistics links to national statistical agencies around the world. For company accounts data please see the Accounting subject guide.


French effort sponsoring a number of databases covering economics and trade

Consumer Data Research Centre

ESRC funded project involving several universities. Many data sets available for use by the academic community (registration required, and access to some data is restricted). Along similar lines comScore offers limited free snapshots & data from around the world on audiences, brands & consumer behaviour

Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive (CNTS) (Library Database)

Based on the data resources of The Statesman's Yearbook, CNTS offers a listing of international and national country-data facts. Contains statistical information on a wide range of countries, with data entries ranging from 1815 to the present, so particularly useful for historical data.

Datastream (Library Database available from Postgraduate Room & Library Reading Room only)

Contains a vast resource of economic and financial data, including: equities (daily share prices) & equity indices; Macroeconomic series from the IMF, World Bank, OECD, central banks, national statistical offices; Foreign exchange rates; Interest rate series; Options & futures data.

Economic and financial data providing daily pricing and volume information on hundreds of thousands of:  Only available in the Reading Rooms on the ground floor

FRED (Federal Reserve Economic Data)

Maintained by Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Search allows selected country to be combined with selected indicator. Especially useful for US & historical series

FT.Com (Library database)

Useful for current economic & financial data - see market data section. Register for a personal account to get full access to all content
(registration essential for off campus & mobile access)

Groningen Growth & Development Centre

Useful data sets covering economic history (AD 1-), global value chain (input-output data 1995-) and productivity (1950-)

Harvard Dataverse

Hub for cross-searching various international repositories. Covers all subject areas, useful for replication data. Includes the Network of European Economists Online (over 100 datasets in economics from leading European universities)

International Monetary Fund Data & Statistics

Free access to IMF data, including flagship IFS (International Financial Statistics) and other key series. Register for some functions (like API or bulk download). Data also available from UK Data Service. Major publications & datasets include:

Balance of Payment Statistics (BOPS) Database via IMF and via UKDS (1967-)
Global financial stability report Online (2002-). Continuation of: International capital markets 1984-2001 HG 3881.I6
Government finance statistics yearbook
 1977-2005 HG 1.G6 and Online (2001-) and as Database via IMF and via UKDS (1990-)
IMF Article IV reports - great source of up to date economic reports by country

International financial statistics
 1950-1951, 1963-2011  HG 1.I7 and Database via IMF and via UKDS (1948-)
International financial statistics yearbook
 1979-2010 HG 1.I71 and Online (2000-)
World economic outlook 1981-2007 HC 59.W6 and Online (1998-) and Database via IMF and via UKDS (1980-) offers forecast data


The Library does not subscribe to OECD iLibrary, but much statistical data is freely available, through OECD. Also available via the UK Data Service without requiring registration, though there may be a delay in incorporating current data.
Aside from data, many publications & series available through the Library catalogue, including:
OECD economic outlook
1967-2005 HC 1.O6 and Online (1967-)
OECD economic surveys
HC (distributed) held from 1960s to 2005 for most OECD countries (catalogue title or keyword search for details) Online on Business Source Ultimate from 1998-  for most OECD countries : click on publications and type "OECD" for details.

Our World in Data

Interesting new project from Oxford University with some great links to data sources for particular themes

Penn World Table

Provide purchasing power parity and national income accounts converted to international prices in $US. Latest release covers 182 countries over the period 1950-2014


Offers public datasets culled from numerous sources. Mainly finance & economics related.

Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)

Very useful database from the Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Offers detailed data for 147 countries covering spending on agriculture, communication, education, health, defence, mining, social protection, transport. Time coverage is 1980-2012. 

UK Data Service

Provides access to international macrodata (time series and surveys, including IEA, ILO, IMF, OECD, UNIDO and World Bank data), UK & cross-national surveys (includes major UK datasets such as Labour Force Survey), longitudinal studies (includes Understanding Society), census data, and business microdata. Registration required to access some data.

UNCTAD (UN Conference on Trade and Development)

Time series data back to 1970 is available from UNCTADstat. Major publications include:
Trade and development report Online (1981-)
World investment report  1996- HG 4538.W6 and Online (1991-)


Portal to over 30 UN databases offering social, demographic & economic indicators. See also: United Nations Statistical Databases
National Accounts Main Aggregates database from UN Data and UNSD (time series data available from 1970 for all countries of the world). Historical accounts data, see: Yearbook of national accounts statistics 1957-1981 HC 1.Y4 and National income statistics 1938-1947 HC 58
Longstanding flagship publications:
UN Statistical yearbook (and League of Nations) 1931/32- HA 1.S7 and Online (1948-)
World economic and social survey 1948-2006 (title varies) HC 59.A1 and Online (1948-)

World Bank Data

Free access to time series data (1960-) for over 2000 indicators & 200+ countries from the Bank's data sets, including its flagship:
World Development Indicators and many other databases, including:
Country Policy & Institutional Assessment (CPIA)
Cross-Country Database on Fiscal Space - measures the ability of countries to service public debt (1990-2016)
Global Consumption Database
Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) - supported by the Gates Foundation, measures how people around the world manage their finances. Survey data at 3 year intervals, commencing 2011
Microdata Library - comprising datasets from sample surveys of people in developing countries: their institutions, environment, communities, and economies; focusing on specific characteristics such as households, business enterprises, facilities, farms or even geographical areas such as villages or towns
Wealth Accounting - supplements GDP based measures of economic development with measures taking into account climate change & environment, energy & mining, human & social capital. Annual data 1970-


GINI Index

Useful listing of the main sources for GINI data on income inequality. See also GINI

Index of Economic Freedom

Produced by the Heritage Foundation (US think tank). Figures from 1995 onwards

KOF Index of Globalization

Interesting attempt to quantify levels of globalisation among countries. Data from 1970 onwards.

Development economics. AID. CORRUPTION. ICT

Aid. Economic Assistance. Microfinance. DEBT


Collaborative project to make available donor aid data from 1945 onwards. Extremely comprehensive

Department for International Development (DFID)

UK aid agency. Effectiveness of UK aid is scrutinised by the Independent Commission for Aid Impact and see also the House of Commons International Development Committee. Statistics can be found in the following publication held by the Library:
Statistics on international development
(DFID) 1993/94- HC 60.5.G7 and Online from DFID (2011-) & (2004/05-)
Continuation of: British aid statistics 1961/65-1991/92 f HC 60.5.G7

State Dept. & USAID website providing details of official US overseas assistance for all purposes since 1996.

Microfinance Gateway (CGAP)

Provided by the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (associated with the World Bank), this portal gives access to documents and some data (mainly from the World Bank Global Financial Inclusion (FINDEX) database, 2011-) associated with studies on microfinance

International Aid Transparency Initiative

Seeks to make data about aid spending easier to understand, see especially the IATI Data section

OECD Data - Development

Data on Development Resource Flows, and Official Development Assistance (ODA). The Development Co-operation Directorate (DAC) is the international development assistance arm of the OECD. See its Development Finance Data web page and  International Development Statistics (IDS) databases for detailed figures.
See library catalogue for historical print series of statistics and:
Development co-operation [report]
(OECD) 1974-1997 HC 60.O7 and Online (1997-).

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Flagship Human Development Report and Human Development Index. See also the UNDP Projects database of development projects around the world, and the UN MDG Indicators now replaced (2015-) by the SDG Indicators database

World Bank - World Development Indicators

Has figures on ODA. See also its:
Global Development Finance and International Debt Statistics plus flagship publication:
World development report (World Bank) 1978- HC 1.W65 and Online (1978-)


Corruption Watch

UK based, with a particular focus on the arms trade

European Commission Home Affairs corruption

Global Integrity

An independent US-based non-profit organisation which publishes information on governance and corruption in the political, legal and economic institutions of countries around the world (from c.1995 onwards)

Kleptocracy Initiative

Project of the conservative think tank Hudson Institute

OECD Bribery & Corruption

Our World in Data - Corruption

Useful introduction, with links to data sources, including Andrew Williams composite dataset

Quality of Government Institute

Research centre at Goteborg University, offers free access to datasets on governance & quality of government indicators (cross-national time series data from 1946 onwards), includes measure of corruption

Transparency International

Respected organisation which produces the Global Corruption Report and various indices of corruption for countries around the world. 
See Transparency for a domestic focus

World Bank

Notably the Worldwide Governance Indicators project, which uses an index of corruption (data from 1996- for all countries). See also its Enterprise Surveys for data on business corruption (2007-)


Human Development Index (UNDP)

Legatum Prosperity Index

Attempts to include measures of well-being as well as economic factors. All countries, 2010- onwards

World Economic Forum Inclusive Development Index

Food. Agriculture. RURAL DEVELOPMENT


Huge bibliographic database from the National Agricultural Library at the US Dept. of Agriculture. See also VIVO - USDA's database of research projects and researchers

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO)

FAOSTAT offers free access to time series data on food & agriculture for all countries (data from 1961-).
FAOLEX database provides access to treaties, laws and regulations on food, agriculture and renewable natural resources
Many publications (see catalogue for details), including flagship:
State of food and agriculture 1968-1995; 2003/04-2009 HD 1411.S7 and Online (1947-)
FAO statistical yearbook 2004- HD 1.F2 and Online (2004-). Continuation of: FAO bulletin of statistics 1963-2004 (title varies) HD 1.M6
FAO yearbook. Fishery and aquaculture statistics Online (1998- title varies)
State of world fisheries & aquaculture 2006, 2016 SH 1.S7 and Online (2000-)
State of food insecurity in the world 2004, 2006, 2014  TX 353 and Online (1999-)

Global Food Security Index

From EIU (registration required to access some data)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Well established organisation, offering a wealth of data, for example: Food Security Portal, Global Hunger Index Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED).  Flagship publication Global food policy report

OECD Data - Agriculture

World Food Programme

UN food aid agency

General. Portals & Gateways


Handy portal to numerous data resources for development economics

Gateway to some 1000 partner sites in the fields of development, the environment, education, globalisation and international social justice. It has a news section and special reports on debt, trade, climate change, etc.

Third World Network

Independent international network of organizations and individuals involved in issues relating to development

Institutions. NGOs

Center for Global Development

Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex

Housing the British Library for Development Studies - an international leader in this field. Includes:
Eldis, a major resource with over 25 000 free full text documents
BRIDGE (Siyanda) - its gender & development database, both now incorporated into:, which aims to be the place to search for references (and full text) to articles, reports, policies and data covering all aspects of international development.
IDS Open Docs digital library

International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Independent NGO based in Geneva. Full text of some publications is available

International Development Research Centre (IDRC)

Major Canadian government organisation in the field. Free access to extensive Digital Library (mainly 1970s onwards)

Overseas Development Institute

Britain's leading independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues


United Nations Childrens' Fund (UNICEF)

World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) at the United Nations University


Digital Development Index (Barclays)

Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI)

Data for EU countries


Oxford Internet Institute project looking at economics of ICT in sub-Saharan Africa

Global Information Technology report

Annual report (2004-) from the World Economic Forum

International Telecommunications Union ICT statistics

Also free publications, including annual Measuring the Information Society (2007-) which contains the ICT Development Index

Economic history


Coordinated by the Dutch International Institute of Social History, aims to collate global economic history data for 1800- with a focus on economic growth and inequality

Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive (CNTS) (Library Database)

Based on the data resources of The Statesman's Yearbook, CNTS offers a listing of international and national country-data facts. Contains statistical information on countries around the world, with data entries ranging from 1815 to the present, so particularly useful for historical data. Limited range of economic variables.

Economic History Association

Premier US-based organisation in the field of economic history. Publishes the Journal of Economic History. See also its EH.Net list of datasets available to researchers covering specific topics in economic history

Economic History Society

Major UK-based organisation & publisher of the Economic History Review (which contains an annual bibliography in the final issue each year: List of publications on the economic and social history of Great Britain and Ireland)

European Historical Economics Society

Europe-wide organisation devoted to economic history. Publishes the journal European Review of Economic History

Groningen Growth and Development Centre (Historical Development)

Offers three datasets:
Maddison Historical Statistics - estimates of GDP per capita for countries from AD 1 to 2010 (based on the print publication - World economy: historical statistics 2003, A. Maddison HC 15 - library, floor 3)
Historical National Accounts - detailed estimates of GDP (down to industrial/sector level) for countries, 19th & 20th centuries
Modern Times - data on technology & economic performance for European countries in 1910, 1935 & 1950

International Historical Statistics

by B.R. Mitchell covering the period from 1750-2010. Also available in print (to 2000)

Macrohistory Lab Bonn (Jorda-Schularick-Taylor Macrohistory Database)

Freely available high quality data offering annual economic & financial indicators for 17 advanced economies from 1870-

World economic historical statistics. 2005, C. Sabillon. HC 15


Cost Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) Registry

Database containing cost utility analyses of thousands of diseases & treatments

Health Statistics & Data

Useful portal from the University of California to datasets in the US and around the world

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Dissemination Centre

Data analysis & evidence synthesis to generate reviews & economic evaluations to inform policy. Upto 2014 this work was carried out by the Centre for Reviews & Dissemination (University of York) - see its DARE and NHS EED databases for details

Paediatric Economic Database Evaluation (PEDE)

Economic evaluations (1980-) for child health interventions

See also the Sociology (Health) and the main Health Science webpage


OECD Data - Industry
See also: Industrial production. Historical statistics (OECD) 1957/66-1960/75 HC 59.A1

UK Business Rates

Current and historical valuations based on postcode or address

UNIDO (UN Industrial Development Organisation)

Major source of publications & statistics
Databases available through UNIDO are:
Industrial demand-supply balance
(1990-)  access also via UK Data Service
Industrial statistics various options, including historical (1963-) data using 2 digit ISIC classification, and more recent data for a wider range of industries (using 3 & 4 digit ISIC classification). access also via UK Data Service
Minstat (Mining & Utilities Statistics) 1995-
MVA (Manufacturing Value Added) 1990-

World Economic Forum global competitiveness report


OECD Product Market Regulation Statistics

Measures economy-wide regulatory and market environments in 30+ OECD countries in (or around) 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013, and for 20+ non-OECD countries in 2013. Comprises four datasets; i) Economy-wide regulation, ii) Sectoral Regulation - Professional services, iii) Sectoral Regulation - Energy, transport and communications and iv) Sectoral Regulation - Retail trade.

Antitrust Division - Department of Justice (US)

Bureau of Competition - Federal Trade Commission (US)

European Commission Competition website

Competition and Markets Authority (UK)

See also regulators for individual industries in the UK:
Communications    OFCOM
Gas & Electricity    OFGEM
Water                    OFWAT
Rail                       Office of Rail & Road


BP Energy Outlook


New portal from World Bank to datasets relating to all aspects of energy in developing countries.
See also its Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE) project collating indicators, laws & regulations worldwide

International Energy Agency (IEA)

Premier source of energy information for OECD and some other countries. Limited publications and statistics freely available. IEA datasets are available through the UK Data Service (registration required to access data)

US Energy Information Administration

Offers some useful data & reports for countries around the world

UN Water

Numerous publications & statistics available. See also the World Bank Water website

Water Integrity Network

Labour economics

Bureau of Labor Statistics (US)

ICTWSS (Institutional Characteristics of Trade Unions, Wage Setting, State Intervention and Social Pacts)

Detailed database compiled by Jelle Visser at Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS). Covers 51 countries from 1960-2014
and four key elements of modern political economies: trade unionism, wage setting, state intervention and social pacts. The database contains annual data for all OECD and EU member states and some emerging economies Brazil; China; India; Indonesia; Russia; and South Africa

International Labour Organization

Especially the ILO's Labordoc which contains references to a wide range of print and electronic publications, including journal articles, from countries around the world, on all aspects of work and sustainable livelihoods.

International Labour Office Statistics

Portal to various ILO databases, including the main ILOSTAT database of statistics for over 200 countries, with data back to 1945 for some countries. Also Labour Force Surveys, INWORK (wages & working conditions). The ILO's flagship publication is Key indicators of the labour market


Project of the Centre for Business Research (Cambridge), freely accessible dataset: Labour Regulation Index (117 countries, 1970-2013), plus other indices of shareholder & creditor protection. 

World Economic Forum global human capital report

Child Labour

The data is collected through surveys, periodically (intervals of several years or more). Main sources of data are:

ILO-IPEC SIMPOC surveys (Statistical Information & Monitoring Programme on Child Labour)

UNICEF MICS (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey) programme and see its Child Labour theme page for aggregated statistics

World Bank LSMS (Living Standards Measurement Survey) data. Aggregated data available through World Development Indicators

Public economics. LAND & HOUSING. INCOME & WEALTH. Taxation


Global Housing Watch

IMF website devoted to housing economics

HOFINET (Housing Finance Information Network)

Brave effort backed by IFC and Wharton School among others seeking to provide documentation and standardised data relating to housing markets and finance across the world for comparative purposes

Land Matrix

Database of large scale transnational land acquisitions (land grabs)


GINI Index

Useful listing of the main sources for GINI data. See also GINI

Global Wealth Report

Credit Suisse effort looking at household wealth around the globe. Reports and databooks 2010-

LIS - Luxembourg Income Study

Household and person-level micro data on income, demography, employment, and expenditures from countries in Europe, North America, Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Australasia. Many covering from 1968 onwards. Also the Luxembourg Wealth Study

Oxfam Commitment to Reducing Inequality Index (CRI)

Recent attempt to measure & rate the efforts of nations to tackle issues of inequality 

Wealth Report

Global survey by Knight Frank looking at the links between wealth and the property market, 2008-

World Wealth and Income Database (WID)

International project, based on research by Piketty, Atkinson & others, providing data on various aspects of income for a growing number of countries worldwide, with statistics back to the 19th century in some cases.

World Wealth Report

Annual report compiled since 2007 by Capgemini on the economic situation for "high net worth individuals"

World Income Inequality Database

Respected database hosted by UNU-WIDER. Latest release has indicators for over 180 countries from about 1950 onwards


OECD Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes
Data available Online

Tax Justice Network

International research and advocacy in the field of tax and regulation, especially the harmful impacts of tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax competition and tax havens


Alan Deardorff Homepage

Helpful definitions & references related to international trade

Cato Institute Center for Trade Policy Studies

Correlates of War International Trade 1870-2014

European Trade Study Group

Academic forum

GATT Digital Library

Around 60 000 full text documents produced by GATT from 1947 to 1994, covering all aspects of international trade

Global Preferential Trade Agreements Database (GPTAD)

Information on PTAs around the world, including agreements not notified to the WTO. PTAs can be sorted by membership, date of signature, in-force status, and other key criteria. It is also possible to sort agreements by type such as anti-dumping, import and export restrictions and tariffs

IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

Free access to IMF trade statistics for all countries 1980- (registration with UK Data Service required to access the data). Figures for the value of merchandise exports and imports between each country and all its trading partners. Total bilateral and multilateral exports and imports are aggregated at national or regional group level. Also available as Database via IMF

International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Independent NGO based in Geneva. Full text of some publications is available

International trade statistics 1953, R.G.D. Allen & J.E. Ely HF 1017

NBER-UN Trade Data 1962-2000

OECD-WTO Balanced Trade in Services (BaTiS)

Bilateral trade in services for 190+ countries, 1995-2012

Our World in Data - International Trade

Useful introduction to international trade with links to data sources

Peterson Institute for International Economics

(formerly the Institute for International Economics)

Trading Consequences

International collaborative project detailing 19th century publications from around the British empire relating to commodities traded (full text available in some cases)

UNCTAD (UN Conference on Trade and Development)

Time series data back to 1970 is available from UNCTADstat. Major publications include: 
Least developed countries report (UNCTAD) 1984-2012 HC 61.U6 and Online (1996-)
Trade and development report 1982-2012 HF 1416 and Online (1996-)
UNCTAD handbook of statistics Online (2002-)
World investment report 1996- HG 4538.W6 and Online (1991-)

UN Commission on International Trade Law(UNCITRAL)

UN Comtrade

The most comprehensive trade database of commodities and products for countries of the world (1962-), effectively supersedes:
International trade statistics yearbook 1983- HF 1.Y4 and Online (1992-)
Continuation of: Yearbook of international trade statistics 1950-1982.  HF 1.Y4
For great visualisations based on Comtrade data see the Atlas of Economic Complexity from the Center for International Development, Harvard University

World Bank Trade website
Also various databases, including:
World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS) - data on international trade, tariff and non-tariff measures. You must register in order to access data
TCdata360 database which offers current & historical data collected from many sources covering trade, investment, innovation 
LPI (Logistics Performance Index) for benchmarking country trade logistics performance
International Trade Costs (World Bank/ESCAP). Data from 1995-2014 for countries around the world
Doing business in ... comparative data (and publications) 2002- on business regulations & their measurement for countries around the world

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Including International Trade & Tariff Data and Trade Monitoring Database which provides detailed information on trade measures implemented by WTO members and observers since October 2008. Flagship publications:
World trade report Online (2003-)
World trade statistical review  Online (2016-) continuation of: International trade statistics Online (2001-2015) 



Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Government department offering a great array of transport statistics for the US

European Automobile Manufacturers' Association

Free statistics available back to 1990

International Transport Forum

Intergovernmental organisation and policy think tank based at the OECD, with data and publications from around 2007- onwards. See also


International association of vehicle manufacturers, has production statistics back to 1998

TRID - Transport Research International Documentation

Chiefly a bibliographic database, but with some full text, based on records from the OECD and the US Transportation Research Board


Civil Aviation Authority data

Current & historic statistical data for the UK air industry

Federal Aviation Authority

Good sources of free statistics, including accident data, for US airspace

IATA (International Air Transport Association)

Offers some useful publications, and very limited statistics (mostly subscription only)

ICAO (International Civil Aviation Authority)

Some useful publications & data freely available


Office for Road & Rail Statistics

Useful data and publications from UK government quango

Rail Delivery Group

Data on UK rail from RDG (which incorporated the ATOC)







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