The Albert Sloman Library
The University of Essex

Windscale Inquiry Papers

The following lists provide outline details of papers submitted at the Windscale Inquiry and donated by Professor Sir Frederick Warner (one of the Inquiry's Assessors). In addition to the Inquiry's 1978 report, by the Hon. Mr. Justice Parker, various works have been published relating to its findings, including for example, Pearce (D.W.) Decision making for energy futures: a case study of the Windscale Inquiry. SSRC. 1979.

The quantity of material assessed during the Inquiry was extensive and therefore selectivity has been exercised in preparing the lists. (Earlier boxes of papers have had their contents listed in greater detail, but nonetheless it is hoped that readers are able to gain an overall view of the Archive's contents from the various lists which have been prepared.)s it is hoped that readers are able to gain an overall view of the Archive's contents from the various lists which have been prepared.)

Outline List

Box 1

Files 1 - 11

Box 2

Files 12 - 21

Box 3

Files 22 - 31

Box 4

Files 32 - 41

Box 5

Files 42 - 55

Box 6

Files 56 - 70

Box 7

Files 71 - 89

Box 8

Files 90 - 102

Box 9

Including correspondence and statements to the Inquiry (Files 1 - 89)

Box 10

Transcripts of proceedings

Box 11

Transcripts of proceedings

Box 12

Transcripts of proceedings

Box 13

Files 1 - 7

Box 14

Files 1 - 8

Box 1

File 1

1. Original application for Magnox and Oxide (dated 25 June 1976)

Letter to Cumbria County Council withdrawing oxide proposals (dated 21 January 1977)

2. Cumbria County Council Director of Planning's Report on original application, with appendices (dated 2 November 1976)

3. Planning Permission for Magnox (dated 1 March 1977)

4. Planning application submitted to Cumbria County Council and Copeland Borough Council, with letters (dated 1 March 1977)

5. Copeland Planning Officer's Report on Revised Application (dated 12 April 1977)

File 2

6. Cumbria County Council Director of Planning Report on Revised Original Application (dated 1 March 1977)

7. Letter from Department of Environment (Newcastle) re. Rule 6/6 of the Town and County Planning (Inquiries Procedure) Rules 1974

8. Cumbria County Council Windscale Transportation Study, Report of Survey (dated October 1976)

9. Cmnd 6618. Sixth Report of Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (September 1976)

File 3

11. Kenny, A.W. and Mitchel, N.T. United Kingdom waste-management policy (Proceedings, Symposium, Vienna, 1970. Management of low and intermediate level radioactive wastes, IAEA, Vienna 1970)

12. Bryant, P.M. Methods of estimation of the dispersion of windborne material and data to assist in their application UKAEA report AHSB(RP)R42, 1964

13. Official report, House of Commons, 22 December 1976 (Statement by the Secretary of State for the Environment)

14. & 15. Department of Energy Press Notices, Ref. no.71 (12.3.76) and Ref. no.231 (21.10.75)

File 4

16. List of Windscale Local Liaison Committee members [n.d.]

17. Health & Safety Executive. Some aspects of the safety of nuclear installations in Great Britain : replies to questions submitted by the Secretary of State for Energy to the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate in October 1976

18. Working with radiation. BNFL, 1975

19. Cmnd.302 Accident at Windscale No.1 Pile on 10th October, 1957

20. International Commission on Radiological Protection Recommendations of the ICRP (adopted September 17, 1965.) Pergamon Press, 1966

21. International Atomic Energy Agency / OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. International symposium on the management of radioactive wastes from the nuclear fuel cycle, Vienna, 22 - 26 March 1976

22. Clelland, D.W. (and others). A review of European high-level waste solidification technology. International symposium on the management of wastes from the LWR fuel cycle, Denver, 11 - 16 July 1976

File 5

23. Grimwood, P.D. and Webb, G.A.M. Assessment of the radiological protection aspects of disposal of high level waste on the ocean floor. National Radiation Protection Board report NRPB-R48

24. Tylecote, R.F. Durable materials for sea water: the archaeological evidence. BNFL report 314 (R)

25. International Atomic Energy Agency. Selection factors for repositories of solid, high-level and alpha-bearing wastes in geological formations. Draft B, Safety series, October 1976

26. Corbet, A.D.W., Hall, G.C. and Spiller, G.T. Problems in the design and specification of containers for vitrified high level liquid waste. IAEA-SM-207/3 [Vienna, March 1976]

27. Hall. A.R. (and others). Development and radiation stability of glasses for highly radioactive wastes. IAEA-SM-207/24 [Vienna, 1976]

28. Norris, J.B. and Chidley, B.E. Preliminary experience with the new Harwell inactive vitrification pilot plant. IAEA-SM-207/22 [Vienna, 1976]

29. Warner, B.F. (and others) Experimental facilities for the development of the United Kingdom high-level liquid solidification process. IAEA-SM-207/1 [Vienna, 1976] 

File 6

30. Webb, G.A.M. and Morley, F. A model for the evaluation of the deep ocean disposal of radioactive waste. National Radiological Protection Board, Report NRPB-R14, 1973

31. Merritt, W.F. The leaching of radioactivity from highly radioactive glass blocks buried below the water table. IAEA-SM-207/98 [Vienna, 1976]

32. Statement by the president [of the United States] on nuclear power policy, 7 April 1977

33.Statement by the Prime Minister on President Carter's non-proliferation statement, 7 April 1977

34. Patterson, J.A. Uranium supply developments, 1976

35. Vaughn, R.D. and Farmer, A.A. The fast breeder reactor: energy without depletion of natural resources. Proceedings, IME vol. 190, 1976

36. OECD. Uranium: resources, production and demand ... 1975

37. Hanrahan, E.J. Demand for uranuim and separative work, Atomic Industrial Forum, Phoenix, March 1976

38. Letter from Lord Avebury to Secretary of State, Department of Energy, 29.3.76; reply 5.4.76

39. Not present

File 7

40. Miida, J. (and others) Nuclear power programmes and medium term projections in the OECD area. IAEA-CN-36/492 (I.B.) [Salzburg, 1977]

41. Häussermann, W. (and others) Supply and demand estimates for the nuclear fuel cycle. IAEA-CN-36/493 [Salzburg, 1977]

42. Cassidy, C.M. The value of uranium and plutonium in irradiated thermal oxide fuel. BNFL, April 1977

43. Cassidy, C.M. Energy equivalence of plutonium used in a fast reactor system. BNFL, May 1977

44. Letter from CEGB to BNFL, 6.5.77

45. Dolphin, G.W. The biological and radiological protection of workers exposed to PU 239, Healthphysics, 20, 1971

46. Elliott, T.J. Note re. estimate of the arisings of irradiated oxide fuel ... BNFL, May 1977

47. BNFL. Note by Company Information Section, 4 May 1977

48. Extract from Agreement between UKAEA and SSEB, 31 March 1971

File 8

49. ... Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons IAEA [1968]

50. Cmnd 4865. Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, 25 March 1957

51. Commission Regulation (Euratom) No.3227/76, 19 October 1976, concerning the application of the provisions on Euratom safeguards IAEA Information circular re. Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, 22 April 1970

52. Agreement for co-operation between the Government of the United States of America and the European Atomic Energy Community concerning peaceful uses of atomic energy ... 8 November 1958

53. Greenwood, T. (and others) Nuclear power and weapons proliferation International Institute for Strategic Studies, Adelphi paper 130 (1976)

File 9

54. Hunter, D. Extract from Diseases of occupations, 5ed. 1969

55. S.I. No.808. The Ionising Radiations (Sealed Sources) Regulations 1969

56. S.I. No.780 The Ionising Radiations (Unsealed Radioactive Substances) Regulations 1968

57. Secretary of State for Trade and Industry. Nuclear site licenses no.31: Windscale and Calder Works

58. Not present

59. Jackson, S. Creatinine in urine ... Healthphysics, vol.12, 1966

File 10

60. Beach, S.A. (and others) A basis for routine urine sampling of workers exposed to Plutonium-239. UKAEA report AHSB(RP)R68. 1966

61. Langham, W.H. The physiology and toxicology of plutonium ... Healthphysics, vol.2, 1959

62. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Evaluation of radiation doses to body tissues ... ICRP publication no.10, 1968

63. Schofield, G.B. Radioactive contamination of the skin. Symposium on "Cleansing", Bournemouth, November 1970

64. Schofield, G.B. Assessment and management of plutonium contaminated wound case. Healthphysics, vol.26, 1974

65. Buckton, K.E. Studies of chromosome aberrations in cultures of peripheral blood ... Symposium on human radiation cryogenetics, Edinburgh, 1966

66. Purrott, R.J. (and others) Study of chromosome aberration yeild in human lymphocytes ... NRPB-R35

67. Norwood, W.D. and Newton, C.E. U.S. Transuranium Registry study of thirty autopsies, 19th Annual meeting of the Health Physics Society, Houston, July 1974

68. Schofield, G.B. and Dolphin, G.W. UK experience on the medical aspects of radiological protection of workers handling plutonium. Annals of occupational hygiene, vol.17, 1974

69. Health and Safety Commission. Advisory Committee on Major Hazards. First report. 1976

File 10

60. Beach, S.A. (and others) A basis for routine urine sampling of workers exposed to Plutonium-239. UKAEA report AHSB(RP)R68. 1966

61. Langham, W.H. The physiology and toxicology of plutonium ... Healthphysics, vol.2, 1959

62. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Evaluation of radiation doses to body tissues ... ICRP publication no.10, 1968

63. Schofield, G.B. Radioactive contamination of the skin. Symposium on "Cleansing", Bournemouth, November 1970

64. Schofield, G.B. Assessment and management of plutonium contaminated wound case. Healthphysics, vol.26, 1974

65. Buckton, K.E. Studies of chromosome aberrations in cultures of peripheral blood ... Symposium on human radiation cryogenetics, Edinburgh, 1966

66. Purrott, R.J. (and others) Study of chromosome aberration yeild in human lymphocytes ... NRPB-R35

67. Norwood, W.D. and Newton, C.E. U.S. Transuranium Registry study of thirty autopsies, 19th Annual meeting of the Health Physics Society, Houston, July 1974

68. Schofield, G.B. and Dolphin, G.W. UK experience on the medical aspects of radiological protection of workers handling plutonium. Annals of occupational hygiene, vol.17, 1974

69. Health and Safety Commission. Advisory Committee on Major Hazards. First report. 1976

File 11

70. Not present

71. Kaiser. G.D. A guide to the use of Tirion, a computer program for the calculation of the consequences of releasing radioactive material to the atmosphere. UKAEA. 1976

72. House of Commons statement by the Secretary of State for Energy re. Windscale (Accidents), 10.1.77

73. Kaiser, G.D. A description of the ... models incorporated in Tirion 2 ... UKAEA, 1976

74. IAEA. Regulations for the safe transport of radioactive material. 1973 Revised edition.

75. Williamson, S. Application of impact testing to irradiated fuel flasks. IAEA-SM-147/6

Box 2

File 12

76. Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, Nuclear site licence no. 29: Drigg storage site, March 1972

77. Pochin, E.E. Occupational and other fatality rates. Community health, vol 6 (2), 1974

78. Pochin, E.E. Estimated population exposure from nuclear power production and other radiation sources. OECD 1976

79. & 80. Official journal of the European Communities, vol. 19, July 1976. Council directive ... laying down the revised basic safety standards ... against the dangers of ionizing radiation.

81. Not present

File 13

82. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Report of Committee II on permissible dose for internal radiation. ICRP, (1959)

83. Cmnd. 884 The control of radioactive wastes. 1959

84. Medical Research Council. The toxicity of plutonium. 1975

85. British Railways. List of dangerous goods and conditions of acceptance by freight train ... 1977

86. Cmnd. 5703 Report by the Chief Inspector of Nuclear Installations on the incident in Building B204 at the Windscale Works ... 26 September 1973

File 14

87. Preston, A. The radiological consequences of releases from nuclear facilities to the aquatic environment. IAEA paper SM-198/57

88. SI 1974 No. 1735 The radioactive substances (carriage by road) (Great Britain) Regulations 1974

89. Department of the Environment. Code of practice for the carriage of radioactive materials through ports. (1967)

90. Department of the Environment. Code of practice for the carriage of radioactive materials by road. 1975

91. Department of the Environment. Code of practice for the storage of radioactive materials in transit. (1975)

92. (1) Department of the Environment. International regulations concerning the carriage of dangerous goods by rail. 1975

92. (2) Department of the Environment. International regulations concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road. 1975

File 15

93. IATA (International Air Transport Association) restricted articles regulations, part 2, radioactive materials. 1976

94. (2 parts) International Maritime Consultative Organisation. International maritime dangerous goods code. (Supplements 1972 - 6)

95. Not present

96. Bryant, P.M. Derivation of working limits for continuous release rates of 905r and 137Cs to atmosphere in a milk producing area. UKAEA report AHSB(RP)R60. 1965

97. Kelly, J.A. (and others) The predicted radiation exposure of the population of the European Community resulting from discharges of krypton-85, tritium, carbon-14 and iodine-129 from the nuclear power industry to the year 2000. Commission of the European Communities. Directorate of Health Protection. 1975

File 16

98. Dunster, H.J. and Warner, B.F. The disposal of noble gas fission products from the reprocessing of nuclear fuel. UKAEA Report AHSB(RB)R101. 1970

99. Dunster, H.J. Surface contamination measurements as an index of control of radioactive materials. Healthphysics vol. 8, 1962

100. Warner, B.F. Design and development of Windscale reprocessing plant. UKAEA. 1967

101. Not present.

102. Marley, W.G. Atomic energy and the environment. National Radiological Protection Board, report NRPB R6. 1972

103. Bryant, P.M. and Jones, J.A. The future implications of some long-lived fission product nuclides discharged to the environment in fuel reprocessing wastes. NRPB report R8. 1972

104. Bryant, P.M. and Jones, J.A. Estimation of radiation exposure associated with inert gas radionuclides discharged to the environment by the nuclear power industry. NRPB report R11. 1973

106. Beach, S. The identification of a homogeneous critical group using statistical extreme-value theory : application to Laverbread consumers and the Windscale effluent discharges. NRPB Report R119. 1974

107. Goss, S.G. The risk of death from radiation-induced cancer ... NRPB Report R20. 1974

108. Watts, L. determination of the rates of clearance of insoluble compounds of plutonium from the lung. NRPB Report R22. 1974

109. Webb, G.A.M. Radiation exposure of the public : the current levels in the United Kingdom. NRPB Report R24. (1974)

File 17

110. Dolphin, G.W. (and others) Radiological problems in the protection of persons exposed to plutonium. NRPB Report R29. 1974

111. Stather, J.W. (and others) The radiological protection of people exposed to plutonium. NRPB Report 31. 1974

112. Evidence given by the National Radiological Protection Board to the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution : 1974 - 76. NRPB report R43. 1976

113. Bulman, R.A. Concentration of actinides in the food chain. NRPB report R44. 1976

File 18

114. Pochin, Sir Edward (and others) Radiological protection standards in the United Kingdom. NRPB report R46. 1976

115. Taylor, F.E. The data submitted by the United Kingdom to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation for the 1977 report to the General Assembly. NRPB report R47. 1976

116. Hunt, G.J. (and others) Fallout in rainwater and airborne dust : levels in the UK during 1975. NRPB Report R49.

File 19

117. & 118. Not present

119. Dolphin, G.W. A comparison of the observed and the expected cancers of the haematopoietic and lymphatic systems among workers at Windscale : a first report. NRPB Report R54. 1976

120. Howells, G.R. (and others) The chemical processing of irradiated fuels from thermal reactors. Second U.N. International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, 1958.

121. Fletcher, J.M. Chemical principles in the separation of fission products from uranium and plutonium by solvent extraction. First U.N. Government Conference, Geneva, 1955

122. Irish, E.R. and Reas, W.H. The purex process ... Symposium on the Preprocessing of Irradiated Fuels, Brussels, 1957

123. Brown, P.G.M. (and others) The significance of certain complexes of ruthenium, niobium, zirconium and uranium in plant processes. Second U.N. International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, 1958

124. Warner, B.F. (and others) The development of the new separation plant, Windscale. Third International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, 1969.

125. Clelland, D.W. Concentration and storage of the highly active wastes ... IAEA Symposium on the Treatment and Storage of High Level Radioactive Wastes, Vienna, 1962.

File 20

126. Warner, B.F. Operational experience in the evaporation and storage of highly active fission product wastes at Windscale. BNFL. (1972)

127. 128. 129. Schofield, G.B. Company annual medical report. BNFL. 1973, 1974 and 1975.

130. Report of the EAEA consultants meeting at CEA Paris, 20 - 22 October 1969, on the generation, release and safety analysis of noble gas fission products in the nuclear industry.

131. McIlroy, R.W. (and others) The recovery of radiokrypton from dissolver waste gases by fractional extraction into solvents. P/309. UK.

File 21

132. Not present

133. Steinberg, M and Manowitz, B. Recovery of fission product noble gases. Industrial and engineering chemistry, vol. 51, January 1959.

134. Hughes, T.G. and Kemp, E.F. Reprocessing of oxide fuel at Windscale. BNFL Report 17 [n.d.]

135. (2 parts) National Academy of Sciences. The effects on populations of exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation. 1972.

136. Frigerio, N.A. (and others) The Argonne radiological impact programme. Part 1 : Carcinogenic hazard from low-level, low-rate radiation. 1973

137. Naylor, A and Larkin, M.J. Some experiences in the development, design and scale-up of solvent extraction process for the recovery of irradiated nuclear fuels. Proceedings of the International Solvent Extraction Conference, 1971

Box 3

File 22

139. Shulz, W.W, Shear-leach processing of N-reactor fuel cladding fires. Atlantic Richfield Hanford Co. 1972

140. Holt, F.B. and Wilson, S.G. Code of practice for the handling of Zirconium an it alloys. UKAEA, 1957

141. Not present

142. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Recommendations of the ICRP. 1964 (ICRP publication 6)

143. ICRP. Principles of environmental monitoring related to the handling of radioactive material ... 1965 (ICRP publication 7)

144. & 145. Not present

146. ICRP. General principles of monitoring for radiation protection of workers ... 1968 (ICRP publication 12)

147.& 148. ICRP. Protection against ionizing radiation from external sources ... and Data for protection against ionizing radiotion from external sources. 1969 and 1971 (ICRP publications 15 and 21)

149. ICRP. Implications of Commission recommendations that doses be kept as low as readily achievable ... 1973 (ICRP publication 22)

File 23 (a)

150. Thompson, R.C. (and others) Some speculative extensions to man of animal risk data on plutonium [from Slover, B.J. The radiation of plutonium [n.d.]]

151. Steindler, M.J. ( and others) Waste management programs quarterly report. Argonne National Laboratory, 1974

152. Not present

153. Levitz, N.M. (and others) Management of waste cladding hulls ... Argonne National Laboratory, [1975]

154. & 155. Not present

156. Richardson, G.L. and Platt, A.M. The design and operation of industrial scale pulse columns for purex service. [n.d.]

157. [BNFL Windscale and Calder Works] Health and safety regulations [n.d.]

File 23 (b)

158. Department of the Environment. Certificate of authorisation for the disposal of radioactive waste. 1971

159. BNFL. Windscale and Calder Works. Radioactive waste disposals and associated environmental monitoring data. 3 parts. (HP/ER/71-73, 1971-1973; HP/ER/74, 1974; HP/ER/75, 1975)

File 24

160. MAFF. Fisheries Radiological Laboratory. Radioactivity in surface and coastal waters of the British Isles. 10 parts (Technical reports FRL1 to FRL12). 1967 - 1975

File 25

161. Not present

162. Heatherington, J.A. (and others) Some investigations into the behaviour of plutonium in the marine environment. IAEA-SM-198/29. [1975]

163. Preston, A. (and others) Experience gained in applying the ICRP critical group concept to the assessment of public radiation in control of radioactive waste disposal. IAEA-SM-184/10. [1974]

164. Not present

165. Dunster, H.J. Environmental monitoring associated with the discharge of low activity radioactive waste from Windscale Works to the Irish Sea. Health physics, vol. 10, 1964

166. Not present

167. Bryant, P.M. Derivation of working limits for continuous release rates of iodine-131 to atmosphere in a milk producing area. Health physics, vol.10, 1964

168. Map of Windscale and Calder Works.

169. Letter from Denton Hall & Burgin (Solicitors), 10.5.77, on behalf of Friends of the Earth Ltd. to Secretary of State, Department of the Environment re. proposed expansion at Windscale. Reply from Freshfields and BNFL, 23.5.77

170. Cmnd. 6820 Nuclear power and the environment.

171. Department of Energy. Long-term security of nuclear power. Press notice 2.6.77

172. BNFL replies to first two questions from Mr. Justice Parker, 16.6.77

173. Storage and disposal of irradiated fuel. [n.d., authorship unknown]

174. Estimate by BNFL of overseas income associated with oxide reprocessing plant project at Windscale. 21.6.77

175. Estimate by BNFL of investment in oxide processing plant project at Windscale. 21.6.77

176. [BNFL] The proposed Japanese contract. Summary of relevant terms. 23.6.77

176. (Contd.) Wilson, C.L. Energy : Global prospects 1985 - 2000. Report of the Workshop on Alternative Energy Strategies. 1977

177. - 179. Not present

180. House of Commons oral answers, 12.7.76, re. SGHW nuclear reactors

File 26

181. BNFL reply to [a] question put by J.Urquhart, 21.6.77

182. BNFL Security. (Information provided in answer to the Inspector's question ...) 24.6.77

183. Jay, K.E.B. Britain's atomic factories. 1954

184. Not present

185. [Medical Research Council]. Criteria for controlling radiation doses to the public after accidental escape of radioactive material. [1975]

186. Katayama, Y.B. Leaching of irradiated LWP fuel pellets in deionized and typical ground water. Pacific Northwest Laboratories, 1976

187. Hughes, T.G. Criticality incident at Windscale. [Nuclear engineering international, vol.17, 1972]

188. Material unaccounted for : joint statement by UKAEA and BNFL, 21 July 1977

189. Boase, D.G. and Vandergraaf, T.T. The Canadian spent fuel storage canister ... Nuclear technology, vol.32, 1977

File 27

190. - 203. Questions asked, with replies, during the Inquiry. 21.7.77 - 27.7.77

204. Hilton, D.A. (and others) The release of water soluble species from irradiated uranium dioxide. CEGB, 1977

205. & 206., 208. Questions asked, with replies, 28.7.77

209. Energy Technology Support Unit, Harwell. Solar energy : its potential contribution within the UK. 1975

210. Department of Energy. Tidal power barrages in the Severn Estuary. 1977

File 28

211. Glendenning, I. Energy from the sea. Chemistry and industry, July 1977

212. - 214. Questions asked, with replies, 3.8.77

215. Energy Technology Support Unit, Harwell. The prospects for the generation of electricity from wind energy in the UK. 1977

216. Vernon, K.R. Hydro (including tidal) energy. Phil. trans. R.Soc. Lond. A. vol.276, 1974

217. & 218. Questions asked, with replies, 3.8.77

219. Pathways to man from Windscale effluent discharges. BNFL document, 3.8.77

220. Plutonium discharges from Windscale. BNFL, 5.8.77

221. BNFL document, 5.8.77 re. Scallops

222. - 230. Questions asked, with replies, 9.8.77 - 16.8.77

File 29

231. Question asked, with reply, 18.8.77

232. A cost assessment of alternative methods of dealing with irradiated oxide fuel. BNFL document, 19.8.77

233. & 234. Questions asked, with replies, 22 8 77

235. A national energy plan for the United States : an address by President Jimmy Carter ... 20 April 1977

236. Sunningdale seminar on nuclear energy, 13 - 14 May 1977 : record of the meeting

237. The White House interview with the President ... 25 June 1977. Transcript

238. Uno, S. The international climate and Japan's posture regarding the peaceful uses of atomic energy. 1977

239. Congressional record, vol.123 no. 115, July 1977

240. Statement of intent by BNFL, 24.8.1977

241. Question asked by Sir Edward Pochin, 24.8.77, and reply.

242. Statement by BNFL, 25.8.77

243. Agreed statement by BNFL, NNC and PERG, 25.8.77

244. - 249a. Questions asked, with replies, 24.8.77 - 6.9.77

File 30

250. Department of Energy. Coal for the future ... [n.d.]

251. Ezra, Sir Derek. Prospects for expansion in coal. 1977

252. Chapman, P.F. The all-electric dream. 1976

253. Chapman, P. Fuel's paradise : energy options for Britain. 1975

254. - 259. Questions asked, with replies, 2 - 5.9.77

260. & 261. Press cuttings

262. & 262a. Transcript of proceedings [of the] U.S. Senate, 3.8.77

263. IAEA. Regional nuclear fuel cycle centres ... 1977

264. Note on special nuclear material

265. Not present

266. Question asked, and answer, 5.9.77

267. BNFL. Windscale Local Liaison Committee membership; minutes of a meeting, 14.3.75

268. Questions asked, with replies, 6.9.77

269. IAEA. Statute. 1 June 1973

270. Not present

271. Extract from Energy Internationl, March 1974 re. district heating

272. Question asked, with reply, 13.9.77

273. Central Office of Information. Fatal accidents in fuel industries. 25.7.77

274. Extract from The Times, 19.7.77

275. The development of alternative sources of energy for the UK. Third Report from the Select Committee on Science and Technology, 25.7.77

276. Question asked, with reply, 16.9.77

277. BNFL. Agreed note on the proposal for voluntary whole body monitoring subsequent to consumption of local fish. 16.9.77

278. Question asked, with reply, 16.9.77

279. Location of Garth mussel bed (map).

File 31

280. BNFL. Loss of cooling water to highly active storage tanks. 20.9.77

281. Question asked, with reply, 21.9.77

282. BNFL. The effect of an arbitrary plutonium release to atmosphere from the Windscale site. 21 9.77

283. Question asked, with reply, 21.9.77

284. as 282.

285. - 289. Questions asked, with replies, 26 - 30.9.77

290. Press cutting

291. BNFL. Accelerated BNFL programme of study of LWR and WAGR oxide fuel elements stored in water. 30.9.77

292. Question asked, with reply, 29.9.77

293. Statement of intent by BNFL, 3.10.77

294. BNFL. Employment at Windscale, 3.10.77

295. Statement of intent on radioactive waste disposals from Windscale and Calder Works, 4.10.77

296. & 297. Questions asked, with replies, 5.10.77

298. BNFL. Range of employment [engaged] at Windscale, 7.10.77

299. BNFL. Loss of cooling to the Thorp fuel storage ponds, 11.10.77

300. & 301. Questions asked, with replies, 11.10.77

302. BNFL. Occupational exposure [at] Windscale Works, 11.10.77

303. BNFL. Consequences of loss of cooling water to highly active storage tanks, 12.10.77

304. Letter from Political Ecology Research Group to Freshfields, 3.10.77

305. BNFL. The storage in water of irradiated oxide fuel elements, 13.10.77

306. BNFL. Windscale and Calder sites. Outline of district emergency scheme. 1977

307. Extracts from the U.S. Atomic Energy Act, 1954

308. BNFL. Consequences of aircraft crashes on Thorp fuel storage ponds and highly active storage tank cells, 17.10.77

309. BNFL. Loss of cooling to the Thorp fuel storage ponds, 19.10.77

310. Oldham, P.D. Fluoridation of water supplies and cancer : a possible association? Applied statistics, vol.26. 1977

311. Gilbert, E.S. Comments on mortality patterns. [1977]

312. Table of observed and expected numbers of specific neoplasms listed according to mean cumulative radiation.

313. - 315. Questions asked, with replies, 19.10.77

316. Official journal of the EC Commission decision, 23.12.75, re. United Reprocessors Gmb H.

317. BNFL. Actinides in air near Windscale, 1977, 19.10.77

318. BNFL. Aerial discharges from Windscale and Calder works, 19.10.77

319. Question, with reply, 19.10.77

320. BNFL. Replies to two questions; letter from the Embassy of Japan, 30.9.77, attached.

321. & 322. Questions asked, with replies, 19 and 24.10.77

323. Department of Energy. New spent nuclear fuel policy, 18.10.77

324. Extract from Nucleonics Week, 13.10.77

325. Question asked, with reply, 27.10.77

326. Voluntary whole body monitoring subsequent to the consumption of local fish : report to the Tribunal, 26.10.77

327. BNFL comments on DOE report 130 (Economics of the proposes Thorp plan, by P.F.Chapman), 1.11.77

328. Agreed planning conditions : Cumbria/BNFL, 3.11.77

329. BNFL's comments on Sir Frederick Warner's question during final speech by Lord Silsoe, 3.11.77

Box 4

File 32

Copeland Borough Council planning papers (13)

File 33

Cumbria County Council planning papers (1 - 10)

File 34

Cumbria County Council planning papers (11 - 29)

File 35

Cumbria County Council planning papers (30 - 61)

File 36

Central Electricity Generating Board papers (1 - 10)

File 37

Friends of the Earth documentation (FOE papers 1 - 12) includes parliamentary papers (not listed)

File 38

FOE documentation (items 13 - 38)

13. Not present

14. Taylor, Vince The myth of uranium scarcity. 1977 (typescript)

15. Not present

16. Greenwood, T. (and others) Nuclear power and weapons proliferation. International Institute for Strategic Studies. 1976

17. Transcript of proceedings of public debate held at Church House, Westminster, 15.1.76 re. BNFL overseas reprocessing contracts

18. Letters BNFL, 25.3.76 and 6.4.76, to F. Hooley

19. - 36. Various publications and parliamentary papers.

37. Gilinsky, V. Plutonium, proliferation and policy. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1976.

38. Franklin, N.L. Address to European Nuclear Conference, Paris, April 1975

File 39

FOE documentation (items 45 - 80; 39 - 44 not present)

A file of technical publications, extracts from parliamentary papers and newspaper cuttings including:

47. Resnikoff, M U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission generic environmental statement on mixed oxide fuel ... [1977].

67. Campbell, W.M. waste management in the nuclear power program. Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. CNA'73-303

68. Interim storage of spent fuel elements [? author]

File 40

FOE documentation (items 81 - 135)

As file 39, including:

81. Clelland, D.W. High level waste management in the United Kingdom. [n.d.]

82. Clelland, D.W. Present methods of storing highly radioactive waste in the United Kingdom and proposals for the future. [n.d.]

84. Katayama, Y.B. Leaching of irradiated LWR fuel pellets in deionized and typical ground water. BNWL-2057. 1976

95. Patterson, W.C. and Conroy, C. Energy alternatives and energy policy : a UK viewpoint. Memorandum to ... the Select Committee on Science and Technology. [1976]

100. Fry, T.M. (and others) Some logistical considerations relevant to the safety problems of the introduction of plutonium-fuelled commercial fast reactors ... 1976. ANS Report 131.

File 41

FOE documentation (items WC 1 - 12)

As file 39, including:

1. Adequacy of information for public debate on nuclear power. [Department of Energy, 1975]

Box 5

File 42

(Items G1 - G8)

G1. Nuclear power: protection for the public. Background note issued by the Department of the Environment ... May 1977

G2. Statement of evidence [prepared by] the National Radiological Protection Board. May 1977

G3. Opening statement on energy policy. Department of Energy [n.d.]

G4. Statement of the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate ... into the proposal by BNF Ltd to construct a plant for the reprocessing of oxide fuels at Windscale. May 1977

G5. Statement by the Department of Transport on trunk road access to the Windscale area.

G6. Covering letter and note submitted by the National Radiological Protection Board, 13.7.77

G7. Note by the Department of Energy re U.S. policy on authorisation of transfer of special nuclear material ... July 1977

G8. Letter from Department of the Environment, 12.7.77 re aqueous discharges from Windscale

MAFF. Response to questions put to the Fisheries Radiological Laboratory by the Windscale Inquiry Inspector ... [n.d.]

MAFF. Statement ... on its [MAFF's] functions under the Radioactive Substances Act 1960. July 1977

File 43

(Items G9 - G39)

G9. MAFF. Response to questions ...

G10. Department of the Environment. Monitoring of discharges.

G11. Questions for the Department of Energy

G12. & G12a. Questions for Nuclear Installations Inspectorate

G13. Questions by the Town and Country Planning Association

G14. Health & Safety Executive. The methodology of safety assessment.

G15. & G15a. Notes of a meeting at Silkhouse Court, 2.6.77

G16. Questions for the Department of the Environment ...

G17. Comments by the Department of the Environment ...

G18. Health & Safety Commission. News release, 10.8.77

G19. MAAF. Model calculations of dose for the Windscale Inquiry

G20. Radioactive Waste Study Group membership

G21. Note by the National Radiological Protection Board

G22. European Communities Commission Press Release, 11.8.77, re the problems of peaceful nuclear fuel abundance

G23. Extract from Hansard

G24. Written replies by the Department of the environment to questions

G25. Questions for the Department of Transport

G26. Replies from the Department of Transport

G27. Letter from the Department of the Environment, 17.8.77

G28. Note by the Department of the Environment ... re discharge of radioactive liquid waste to sea, 19.8.77

G29. Questions for the National Radiological Protection Board

G30. Commission of the European Communities. Points for a Community Strategy on the reprocessing of irradiated nuclear fuels, 2.7.1977

G31. Commission for the European Communities. The fast breeder option in the Community context ... 28.7.1977

G32. National Radiological Protection Board. The metabolism of plutonium, americum and curium. 16.8.1977

G33. Letter from Department of the Environment, 15.8.1977

G34. Webb, G.A.M. and McLean, A.S. Insignificant levels of dose ... National Radiological Protection Board, 1977

G35. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Recommendations ... on radiological protection. 1977

G36. SEAL Preservation Action Group. Questions asked ... 28.7.1977

G37. National Radiological Protection Board. Responses to questions.

G38. Department of the Environment. Responses to questions.

G39. Department of Energy. Written replies to questions.

File 44

(Items G40 - G74)

G40. & G41. Nuclear Installations Inspectorate. Written replies to questions.

G42. - G50. Replies to questions from the DHSS, NRPB, MAFF, Department of Energy and Medical Research Council.

G51. NRPB. Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (1977).

G52. - G58. Submissions and answers to questions by NRPB.

G59. - G66. Submissions and answers to questions by MAFF.

G67. - G75. Submissions and answers to questions by NRPB.

File 45

(a) File of papers and documents held by David Widdicombe QC, including instructions ... to appear on behalf of 'Justice' and Council for Science and Society

(b) Correspondence and notes from Mr Justice Parker to Sir Edward Pochin and Sir Frederick Warner; evidence and submissions from various organisations.

Files 46 & 47

Newspaper cuttings and extracts from various publications

File 48

Reactions to the Windscale Inquiry including reports from Friends of the Earth, the Town and Country Planning Association, Vole (magazine), and Political Ecology Research Group.

File 49

IAEA. Management of radioactive wastes from nuclear fuels and power plants in Canada. 1977

File 50

(Items I.O.M. 5, 17, 18, and 20)

5. Irish Conservation Society. The power that corrupts ... 1976

18. Department of Energy. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. Study of radiological safety.

File 51

(Items I.O.M. 21 - 25; 29; 34, 35; 42, 43; 48 - 50)

29. Statement from Cumbria County Council. 13.5.1977

File 52

(Items I.O.M. 51 - 53; 60; 62; 64 - 66; 68 - 80)

File includes:

52. Livingston, H.D. and Bowen, V.T. Contrasts between the marine and freshwater biological interactions of plutonium and americium. U.S. Energy Research & Development Administration, 1975.

53. Labeyrie, L.D. and others. Comparisons of the distribution in marine sediments of the fall-out derived nuclides ... IAEA, 1976.

66. Mancuso, T.F. and others. Radiation exposure of Handford workers dying from cancer and other causes. Symposium of the Health Physics Society, October 1976.

77. Stannard, J.N. Toxicity of the transuranium elements with special reference to plutonium. [n.d.]

79. Schröder, K.J.P. and Roether, W. The release of krypton-85 and tritium to the environment ... IAEA ... 1974

File 53

(Items I.O.M. 81 - 96; 98 - 100)

File includes

81. Hetherington, J.A. and others. Environmental and public health consequences of the controlled disposal of transuramic elements to the marine environment. IAEA. [n.d.]

84. Guary, J.C. In situ observations of the mechanisms of plutonium transfer in the marine environment. 1975

86. Barr, N.F. The radiological significance of transuranium radioisotopes released to the environment ... IAEA. [n.d.]

100. Livingston, H.D. and Bowen, V.T. Contrasts between the marine and freshwater biological interactions of plutonium and americium. U.S. Energy Research & Development Administration, 1976

File 54

(Items I.O.M. 101 - 113)

File includes:

101. Livingston, H.D. and Bowen, V.T. Windscale effluent in the waters and sediments of The Minch. 1977

102. Bowen, V.T. Distribution of transuranic nuclides in the oceans ... 1975.

106. Department of the Environment. Environmental impact analysis. 1976

110. Who controls whom? Relationships between BNFL and government agencies ... [typescript, n.d.]

111. & 112. Critique of evidence [typescripts, n.d.]

File 55

(Items J.K.S. 1 - 4; 6 - 11; 13 - 24; 26 - 35; 37 - 48)

File includes:

3. BNFL. Statement of intent of radioactive waste disposals from BNFL's Windscale and Calder Works. [n.d.]

10. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Krypton-85 in the atmosphere : accumulation, biological significance, and control technology. [n.d.]

11. - 48. Articles from various scientific journals.

Box 6

File 56

(Items KL 1 - 18; 22; 24 - 30)

File includes photocopies of parliamentary papers, published scientific papers and the following research reports:

22. Slauson, D.O. Early patterns of pulmonary cellular response in Syrian hamsters ... [n.d.]

24. McInroy, J.F. The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory's human autopsy tissue analysis study. [n.d.]

27. Stannard, J.N. Plutonium toxicology and other toxicology. [n.d.]

File 57

(Items KL 31 - 35; 43; 45 - 70)

Photocopies of scientific papers and official publications.

File includes:

31. Taylor, G.N. (and others). Some similarities of radium and plutonium toxicity in the beagle and man. [n.d.]

32. Smith, J.M. The early retention and distribution of monomeric 237 Pu (IV) ... in mice. [n.d.]

33. Stevens, W. Induction of osteogenic sarcoma by polymeric plutonium ... in beagles [n.d.]

60. Häfele, W. Energy options open to mankind beyond the turn of the century. IAEA-CN-36/538

File 58

(Items KL 71 - 78; 80; 83 - 88; 92 - 95; 97 - 100)

File includes the following:

94. Committees and sub-committees of the European Community dealing with matters related to nuclear power production. EC official publications relating to nuclear fusion.

95. Medical report of the atomic bombing in Hiroshima, 30 November 1945. Typescript, n.d.

98. Extracts from the account by T. Akizuki of the first week after the Nagasaki bomb. Typescript, n.d.

File 59

(Items KL 101 - 103; 108 - 117; 119 - 121; 123 - 135; 138 - 142)

File includes:

108. Arakatsu, B. The field observation at Hiroshima on the radioactivity induced by [the] atomic bomb. 25 November 1945.

109. U.S. Armed Forces, Institute of Pathology. Report on the atomic bomb ... at Hiroshima [n.d.]

113. Civil Defence School. Some effects on a British city of a Nagasaki-type atom bomb ... [n.d.]

115. Note on blood and lymph cancers, 8.9.77.

117. Note on mortality from A-bomb survivors (of Hiroshima and Nagasaki). Extracts from ABCC technical reports 01-60 and 10-71.

126. Manhattan Engineer District. The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki [n.d.]

128. U.S. Strategic Bombing Surrey. The effects of atomic bombs on health and medical services in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. 1947

File 60

(Items LWSFJC 1 - 5)

File includes correspondence from the Lancashire and Western Sea Fisheries Joint Committee, 1977.

File 61

(Items MH 1 - 16)

File includes Minutes of meetings of the Windscale Local Liaison Committee, 1974 - 1977; and 1961 (MH13)

File 62

(Items NNC 1 - 40)

File includes:

1. Windscale Inquiry: opening statement by Network for Nuclear Concern [n.d.]

2. NNC. Postulated mechanisms whereby the maximum possible accident might come about. 19.7.77

6. BNFL. The district survey monitoring programme at Windscale. 1976

7. Markell, E.A. Actinides in the environment and their uptake by man. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Colorado, 1975

13. Bhat, J.S. and others. Population exposure evaluation by environmental measurement and whole-body counting in the environment of nuclear installations. IAEA-SM-184/6

16. Rowe, W.D. and Richardson, A.C.B. Basic concepts for environmental radiation standards. IAEA-SM-184/20

20. Clarke, R.H. and others. The prediction of population doses due to radioactive effluents from nuclear installations. IAEA-SM-184/8

21. Preston, A. Experience gained in applying the ICRP critical group concept to the assessment of public radiation exposure ... IAEA-SM-184/10

23. Martin, A. Population exposure and the interpretation of its significance. IAEA-SM-184/9

24. Mitchell, N.T. Transfer of radionuclides to man through environmental pathways. IAEA-SM-184/105

34. Fremlin, J.H. The disposal and hazards of radioactive waste. [n.d.]

35. Howells, H. Discharges of low-activity, radioactive effluent from the Windscale Works into the Irish Sea. [n.d.]

36. Lowman, F.G. and Ting, R.Y. The state of cobalt in seawater and its uptake by marine organisms and sediments. IAEA-SM-153/23

File 63

(Items NNC 41 - 80)

File includes:

43. Martell, E.A. Basic considerations in the assessment of the cancer risks and standards for internal alpha emitters. 1975

52. Preston, A. and Mitchell, N.T. Evaluation of public radiation exposure from the controlled marine disposal of radioactive waste. IAEA-SM-158/36

53. Templeton, W.L. Transport and distribution of radioactive effluents in coastal and estuarine waters of the U.K. 1966

54. Woodhead, D.S. Levels of radioactivity in the marine environment and dose commitment to marine organisms. IAEA-SM-158/31

56. Bryan, G.W. and others. Accumulation of radionuclides by aquatic organisms ... 1966

57. Pentreath, R.J. The roles of food and water in the accumulation of radionuclides by marine teleost and elasmobranch fish. IAEA-SM-158/26

58. Preston, A. Site evaluations and the discharge of aqueous radioactive wastes from civil nuclear power stations in England and Wales. 1966

76. Lowton, R.J. Dilution, dispersion and sedimentation in some British estuaries. [1966]

80. National Radiological Protection Board. Disposal of vitrified highly radioactive waste on the ocean floor. Press release, 24.3.77

File 64

(Items 81 - 100)

File includes:

81. Medical effects of atomic bombs. International Symposium on the damage and after-effects of the atomic bombing of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 1977.

91. Ichikawa, S. and others. Nuclear power plant suspected to increase mutations. [n.d., typescript]

94. Ichikawa, S. and Takahashi, C.S. Somatic mutation frequencies in the stamen hairs of stable and mutable clones of Tradescantia following acute gamma-ray treatments with small doses. [n.d., typescript]

File 65

(Items 101 - 119)

File includes:

105. Beta Pu 241 v alpha Pu to be expected in THORP discharges [typescript, n.d.]

106. Silt, ruthenium and mussels : implications for the Transuranics in silt. [typescript, n.d.]

112. Morgan, K.Z. Comments on the 62 page statement of B.F. Warner in reference to the Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant (THORP) : general description and objectives. 29.8.77

114. Morgan, K.Z. The linear hypothesis of radiation damage appears to be non-conservative in many cases. [n.d.]

File 66

(Items N.R.D.C. 1 - 15)

File includes:

2. & 3. U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. Nuclear proliferation and safeguards. [n.d.]

5. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Report of task force on allegations ... 1977

7. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. A study of nuclear material accounting : final report, 1976 - 77

10. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. AEC statement on safeguards study. 1974

12. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission]. Executive summary of security agency study. [n.d.]

File 67

(Items N.P.C. 36, 41, 45, 47, 57, 59 - 62, 64 - 70)

National Peace Council file includes:

59. Awa, A. On the genetic effects of A-bomb irradiation. 1977

60. Medical effects of atomic bombs. 1977 (International Symposium ... Hiroshima, 1977).

File 68

(Items PERG 1 - 3; 7 - 17; 25 - 30)

Political Ecology Research Group papers include:

2. Political Ecology Research Group. Nuclear power in Central Europe [typescript, n.d.]

7. Shephard, J.G. and Hetherington, J.A. Fisheries laboratory technical report series. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. 1975

10. Political Ecology Research Group. Use and abuse of information in the nuclear power debate. [n.d.]

14. Morley, F. and Bryant, P.M. Radiation exposure to man from releases of radioactive effluents. International Conference on Waste Management, Colorado, 1976.

16. PERG. The significance of IRS 290. Typescript, 1977.

17. PERG. Questions for the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate [typescript n.d.]

26. PERG submission : Accidental release of nuclides to the atmosphere and the use of the TIRION programme. [n.d.]

29. PERG submission : Levels of radioactivity in milk from farms within 2 miles of Windscale ... [n.d.]

30. PERG submission re request from BNFL for information on low level liquid discharges. [n.d.]

 File 69

(Items PERG 32 - 36; 38, 39; 41 - 44; 46 - 54; 56 - 59; 62; 64, 65; 67 - 70)

File includes:

32. Nowotny, H. Social aspects of the nuclear power controversy 1976

33. Pahner, P.D. A psychological perspective of the nuclear energy controversy. 1976

70. Kelly, G.N. and others. An estimate of the radiological consequences of notional accidental releases of radioactivity from a fast breeder reactor. National Radiological Protection Board, 1977

File 70

(Items PERG 71 - 81)

File includes:

71. Letter to Lord Silsoe, with discussion paper attached, 22.8.77

72. & 72a. Letter to Lord Silsoe, 11.9.77, with paper attached (Windscale accident studies)

73. & 74. Letter to the Enquiry Secretary and Inpsector, 11.9.77 and 13.10.77

77. Franklin, N.L. The technological demands of nuclear power. Royal Institution Forum, September 1977.

78. Hild, W. and others. Bitumization of radioactive wastes at the Nuclear Research Centre, Karlsrake ... OECD, 1976

79. PERG personnel

80. & 81. PERG proposals for investigations and projects to be undertaken after this Inquiry [n.d.]

Box 7

File 71

(Items SCRAM 1 - 8)

Publications of the Soil Association

File 72

(Items SE1/1-2; SE1/4-8)

File includes:

SE1/5 Department of Energy. Energy research and development in the United Kingdom, a discussion document. 1976.

SE1/6 & 7 Public Service and Gas Co., New Jersey. An assessment of energy storage systems suitable for use by electric utilities. 2 vols. 1976.

SE1/8 National Science Foundation. Proceedings of the second workshop on wind energy conversion systems, June 1975.

File 73

(Items SE1/9-12; 14-40)

File includes:

SE1/9 Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque. Vertical-axis wind turbine technology workshop, May 1976.

SE1/10 Hall, D.O. Photosynthesis : a practical energy source? Typescript, 1976.

SE1/12 Inman, R.E. Silviculture triomass farms. MITRE technical report, 1977.

SE1/21 Correspondence from P. Musgrave, August 1977, re wind energy.

SE1/24 Department of Energy. Geothermal energy : the case for research in the UK. 1976.

SE1/32 Australian Inventions PTY Ltd. High grade energy options. Typescript, 1977.

SE1/34 Turville, C.M. de. ... extraction of organic fuels from marine sediments. Typescript, 1977.

SE1/36 Patent application by C.M.D. de Turville, 1976.

SE1/40 Ross, F.F. The fuel in the world. British Association, 1965.

File 74

(Items SE41, 42, 44-54)

File includes:

SE1/48 Letter from Lord Hinton to Sir Kevin Spencer, 7.9.77.

SE1/49 Letter from Nigel Forman, M.P. to Sir Kevin Spencer, 4.7.77.

SE1/53 Analysis of a questionnaire survey undertaken by the Society for Environmental Improvement [n.d.]

File 75

(Items SERA 1 - 6; 8 - 9a; 16)

File includes:

SERA 4 Workers' power: a socialist report on the power plant and energy industries. Conference of Socialist Economists [n.d.]

SERA 8 Laitner, S. The impact of solar and conservation technologies upon labor demand. Typescript, 1976.

SERA 9 [Open University Alternative Technology Group] Jobs and energy. 1977.

File 76

(Items SFK 1 - 4)

Photocopies of articles from New Scientist and Science.

File 77

(Items SSEB 1 and 2)

SSEB 1 South of Scotland Electricity Board. Statement in support of an outline planning application by BNFL for permission to build an plant at the company's Windscale Works to reprocess oxide fuel.

SSEB 2 Questions to SSEB from Town and Country Planning Association, 22.7.1977.

File 78

(Items TCPA 1 -5; 9; 23; 28; 30; 32; 34; 42 - 43;46)

File includes:

TCPA 42 Klement, A.W. and others. Estimates of ionizing radiation doses in the United States 1960 - 2000. 1972.

TCPA 46 Lindell, B. Assessment of population exposures. IAEA, 1973.

File 79

(Items TCPA 53 - 57; 59; 62 - 67; 71; 73 - 76; 86; 88; 90 - 105)

File includes:

TCPA 71 Owen, David. Speech for delivery by the Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary ... to the Royal Institute of International Affairs, 19 May 1977.

TCPA 75 Brazilian Embassy [UK]. The Brazilian nuclear programme. Typescript, 1977.

TCPA 94 Kordas, J.F. and Phelps, P.L. A review of monitoring instruments for transuranics in fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants ... 1977.

TCPA 95 Letter, 21.9.77 with attachments, from A.S.McLean (National Radiological Protection Board) to J.A.Rhodes (Department of the Environment).

TCPA 104 Test for correlation between the percentage of cancer deaths and the cumulative radiation after standardisation for age at death.

TCPA 105

Letter, 2.11.77 with attachment, re TCPA 104.

File 80

(Items TRIB 1 - 19; 21)

File includes:

TRIB 2 Letter from L.F.Rutterford, Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, 14.7.77.

TRIB 3 Note of discussion with W.B.Lewis, 16.7.77.

TRIB 4 Note of meeting with IAEA consultants re annual capacity of an ocean basis to receive high level radioactive waste.

TRIB 6 Price, T. The balance of uranium supply and demand. Typescript, 1977.

TRIB 8 Questions for safety and reliability directorate of UKAEA; letter from F.R.Farmer (UKAEA), 16.7.77, attached.

TRIB 10. Questions from the Political Ecology Research Group; letter from L.F.Rutterford, Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, 24.7.77.

TRIB 13 & 13a Questions asked by the Inspector, 25.8.77, re deliveries of Canadian uranium.

TRIB 15. Comment on R.Spearing's estimates of global risk from discharge of Kr85

TRIB 17. Note on analysis of leukaemia incidence in Hiroshima and Nagasaki ...

TRIB 19. Note from Commission of the European Communities re disappearance of 200 tons of uranium in 1968.

File 81

(Items TUC 1 - 3)

TUC 1. & 3. Letters, 7.9.77 and 18.10.77, to the Inquiry.

TUC 2. Submission, 19.9.77, to the Inquiry.

File 82

(Items UKAEA 1 - 3)

UKAEA 1. UKAEA statement on the storage of oxide fuel elements in 'Thorp' type ponds, 1.7.77.

UKAEA 2. Letter, 15.7.77, from UKAEA.

UKAEA 3 Letter from Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., 2.8.77, to Friends of the Earth.

File 83

(Items WA {Windscale Appeal} 1 - 3; 5 - 14; 16 - 26; 30)

File includes:

Preliminary submission to be made by the Windscale Appeal.

Item 1 (c). Windscale Local Liaison Committee. Control of the discharge to sea of radioactive waste from the Windscale Works, [typescript].

Item 3. Gilinsky, V. Plutonium, proliferation and policy. US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1.11.76.

Item 5. Stewart, J.C.C. and others. The full utilisation of uranium in the U.K. Moscow, 1968.

Item 30. Letters, 5.3.76 and 3.2.77, from BNFL to C. Wakstein.

File 84

(Items WA 31 - 58; 60 - 70)

File includes:

Item 34. Tables of accidents at Windscale.

Item 38A Details of contamination accidents, 16.6.53 - 2.11.76.

Item 47. Rossel, J. Open problems in nuclear energy, [typescript], 1976.

Item 49. Shorthouse, B. List of questions to be put to BNFL.

Item 63. Letters, 5.5.77, 23.5.77 and 27.5.77, from Health and Safety Executive to C. Wakstein.

Item 66. Tests of statistical significance ... applied to BNFL document 119, [typescript].

Item 69. Answers to queries by Sir Edward Pochin re. the effect of 'picking out' myelomas for testing.

File 85

(Items WA 71, 72; 78 - 99; 101 - 110)

File includes:

81. Sir Frederick Warner. Engineering safety and the environment. (Maurice Lubbock memorial lecture, 1976).

84. [U.S.] Academy of Sciences, Environmental Studies Board. Decision making for regulating chemicals in the environment. 1975.

86. Note of matters to be raised in cross-examination of CEGB. [Typescript].

87. Ten years of nuclear power : an economic assessment. [Typescript, n.d.]

90. List of organisations comprising the Windscale Appeal, which came together specifically for presenting evidence at the Windscale Inquiry.

104. Abrahamson, D.E. Nuclear waste management : general considerations and status of U.S. policy. 1977.

File 86

(Items WA 111 - 130; 132 - 149)

File includes:

130. Burnet, Sir Frank M. Uranium : for good or evil. (Tenth Alfred Deakin lecture, 1976).

149. Environmentalists for Full Employment. Jobs and energy, 1977.

File 87

(Items WA 151 - 181)

File includes:

158. Boley, T.A. and Walker, D.L. The effect of prices and economic growth on consumers' energy requirements. 1974.

159. Franklin, N.L. Great Britain : an alternative economical source of enriched uranium fuel. [n.d.]

166. Industrial development prospects in the UK. [Typescript, n.d.]

169. Hundt, D. Future trends in fuel-cycle costs for medium-size light-water reactors. IAEA AM - 126/27.

172. [European Commission]. The European Community and the energy problem. 1975.

174. Mitchell, B. Europe and its energy problems. [Typescript]. 1977.

178. European Economic Community. Study of the Economic and Social Committee on a Community nuclear safety code. [1977].

180. Windscale Local Liaison Committee. Minutes ... 21.5.1980.

File 88

(Items WA 182 - 193; 224 - 233)

File includes:

182. Blegae, S. Alternative Danish energy planning. [Typescript], 1977.

187. Transcript of an interview of C Wakstein by J.K.Donohue, [4.12.76].

188. Copy letter from C.Wakstein to the Secretary of State for Energy, 24.11.75.

227. Note of closing speech and documents to be referred to.

232. Paper re source of the photograph of a radiation victim shown in a film by [C.] Wakstein. [Typescript].

233. Letter from D. Widdicombe QC to the Inquiry Secretary, 2.11.77, re a paper by H.Flohn.

File 89

(Items WIERC 1 - 36; 38 - 57; 62; 65 - 790

File includes [Windscale Inquiry Equal Rights Committee]:

8. Letter from Department of Energy to Robin Cook MP re discharge of Caesium 137 from Windscale.

12. Unanswered questions to BNFL arising out of cross examination ...

18. DWLs for Plutonium [table].

19. Plutonium in air (Curies) [table].

24. Radioactive contamination of Ravenglass Estuary [table].

33. Cumulative effect of Caesium 137 discharges [table].

36. Health & Safety Executive. First quarterly statement on nuclear incidents. 26.5.77.

42. Kahn, B. Environmental radiation exposures and associated risks from fuel reprocessing plants. [n.d.]

43. Comparison of alpha activity per tonne for Magnox AGR2 LWR fuels per tonne [table].

50. Annual discharges from Windscale 1971 to 1976 ... [mss. table].

51. Alpha activity on estuarine silt : Ravenglass [mss. table].

64. Cambray, R.S. and others. Radioactive fallout in air and rain : results to the end of 1975. UKAEA, 1976.

72. Letter from E. Alberman, 23.9.77, re a paper on parental exposure to X-irradiation and Down's Syndrome.

74. Catlin, R.J. Radiation accident experience : causes and lessons learned. IAEA [1969].

Box 8

File 90

Proofs of evidence from:

British Council of Churches (2 papers)

Copeland Borough Council (2 papers)

Cumbria Borough Council (5 papers)

Atomic Energy Authority (Harwell) (1 paper)

File 91

Proofs of evidence from members of staff of BNFL (17 papers)

File 92

Statements of evidence (typescripts) from staff at BNFL, including:

General policy statement on health and safety

Security

Material unaccounted for'

Water supply

Windscale and Calder site

Thermal oxide reprocessing plant

Storage in water of irradiated fuel elements

File 93

Statements of evidence (typescripts) received from:

Central Electricity Generating Board

Cumbria Naturalists' Trust Limited

Department of the Environment (2 papers)

Department of Energy (2 papers)

Paper from B. Fish

Friends of the Earth (6 papers)

File 94

Statements of evidence (typescripts) received from:

Friends of the Earth (7 papers)

Isle of Man Government (4 papers)

Paper from J.K. Spearing

Paper from Paul Sieghart (of the Executive Committee of Justice, International Commission of Jurists)

File 95

Statements of evidence (typescripts) received from:

W.T.W. Potts (Lancashire and Western Sea Fisheries Joint Committee)

Lake District Special Planning Board

Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

Paper from M.S.K. Higham (member of Drigg & Carleton Parish Council)

R. Grove-White (National Council for Civil Liberties)

L.J. Blom-Cooper (NCCL)

File 96

Statements of evidence (typescripts) received from:

E.P. Radford (4 papers and 5 appendices)

B.E. Wynne (Network for Nuclear Concern)

D.P.H. Laxen (Network for Nuclear Concern)

J.J. Thompson (NNC)

S. Ichikawa (NNC)

National Peace Council

Natural Resources Defence Council (2 papers)

A.S. McLean (National Radiological Protection Board)

File 97

Statements of evidence (typescripts) received from:

G. Thompson (Political Ecology Research Group) (2 papers)

Town and County Planning Association

P. Taylor (PERG)

Ridgeway Consultants (7 papers; 4 appendices and photographs)

File 98

Statements of evidence received from:

D.M. Paulin (Scottish Campaign to Resist the Atomic Menace)

Society for Environmental Improvement (15 papers)

Socialist Environment and Resources Association

Religious Society of Friends (Keswick Meeting)

South of Scotland Electricity Board

File 99

Statements of evidence received from the Town and Country Planning Association. Papers from:

D. Hall (2 appendices)

R.E. Ellis

P.R. Odell

C.G. Thirlwall

J. Rotblat

A. Stewart and G. Kneale (7 appendices)

T.B. Stoel

File 100

Statements of evidence received from:

B.T. Price (Secretary General of the Uranium Institute)

F.R. Farmer (Safety Adviser to the AEA)

File 101

Statements of evidence received from the following (via Nabarro Nathanson):

G. Atherley

R.E. Blackwith

I. Coates

J. Davoll

E. Goldsmith

N. Jenkins (with supplementary evidence)

B. Shorthouse

K. Pedler

C. Sweet

I. Tolstoy

C. Wakstein

File 102

Statements of evidence received from the Windscale Inquiry Equal Rights Committee. Papers received from:

W.L. Boeck (7 appendices)

J.A. Urquhart

Box 9

Correspondence and statements to the Inquiry from institutions and individuals

Files 1 - 5

not present

Files 6 - 12

including correspondence from:

Religious Society of Friends

College of Alternative Medicine and Science

Council of Justice

British Council of Churches

Council for Science and Society

Lancashire and Western Sea Fisheries Joint Committee

Files 13 - 23  

not present

Files 24, 28, 32, 35 & 36

National Council for Civil Liberties (24)

South of Scotland Electricity Board (32)

Electrical Electronic Telecommunications & Plumbing Union (35)

Files 37, 39, 40, 43 - 47

representations from individuals

Files 48 - i58

including:

Files 59 - 62; 65, 76 - 78; 80 - 83; 85 - 89

including:

Additional 3 files of correspondence and submissions numbered 1 - 22; 23 - 60; & 61 - 130, including:

Box 10

Transcripts of proceedings : days 1 - 35 (14 June 1977 - 2 August 1977)

Box 11

Transcripts of proceedings : days 36 - 68 (3 August 1977 - 19 September 1977)

Box 12

Transcripts of proceedings : days 69 - 100 (20 September 1977 - 4 November 1977)

Box 13

File 1

Papers and correspondence from Department of the Environment and to Sir Frederick Warner re. his appointment as Assessor at the Inquiry

File 2

Draft copies of sections of the Inquiry Report sent to Sir Frederick Warner

Typescript of the Report

File 3

Draft sections of the Report sent to Sir Frederick Warner

Copies of Sir Frederick's correspondence

Miscellaneous notes and background papers

File 4

Statement of submissions by BNFL

Preliminary statement by JUSTICE

Various publications

Files 5, 6 & 7

Publications (including reports from BNFL, Health & Safety Directorate, Department of Energy and Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution)

File 7

Papers relating to the TIRON computer program for calculating the consequences of a release of radioactive material into the atmosphere.

The file includes papers from the Political Ecology Research Group

Box 14

File 1

Sir Frederick Warner's notes (3 volumes) taken during the Inquiry ([Cumbria County] Council list of reports and minutes. List of articles and reports received by the Inquiry

File 3

Correspondence (1980 - 81) between Dr R F Griffiths and Sir Frederick Warner re. a Windscale Inquiry archive

Files 4 - 8een Dr R F Griffiths and Sir Frederick Warner re. a Windscale Inquiry archive

Files 4 - 8

The Inquiry Report. 2 vols.