The Albert Sloman Library
The University of Essex

The Nicholas Hagger Archive


Nicholas Osborne Hagger (born 22 May 1939), is a British poet, literary author, man of letters, cultural historian and philosopher who has lectured in English Literature at universities abroad. He purchased and restored Otley Hall in Suffolk and has created a private-school system at four locations in England.

He has written over 40 books. His literary works include nearly 1,700 collected lyrical and reflective poems, over 300 classical odes, 2 poetic epics (of 41,000 and 26,000 lines), 5 verse plays and more than 1,200 collected short stories. Some of these addressed historical and philosophical questions about the laws of history and the universe. Moving outside literature, he stated the Law of History in a Grand Unified Theory of history and religion, a pattern of rising and falling civilisations that will pass into a worldwide civilisation for a while. His comprehensive philosophy, Universalism, challenges modern philosophy by readmitting the universe, reveals a Law of Order and approaches a Theory of Everything.

Nicholas Hagger studied English Literature at Oxford under Christopher Ricks, discussed his first poetic epic with Ezra Pound and received letters from Ted Hughes. Kathleen Raine and David Gascoyne spoke at the launch of his first book of poems, Asa Briggs spoke on his first history book and he led a dozen Universalist philosophers at regular meetings in the early 1990s. He has tried to reflect the Age in his work from seven angles, including literary, philosophical, scientific and historical perspectives, so each of his works interacts with other works he has written. Each work is like a piece of a jigsaw puzzle that presents a whole picture. He anticipated the fall of Soviet Communism and the rise of a European superstate with its own legal personality. He has proclaimed the need for a new World State. Lady Astor, mistress of Cliveden at the time of the Profumo Affair, said of his work, “He is two decades ahead of his time.” Also see his website,

All this is reflected in his archive. This first tranche consists of papers relating to Nicholas Hagger’s published works. It will be followed by a second tranche consisting of personal/biographical papers relating to his life (including letters). A third tranche will include computer material (versions of books and related email correspondence). A fourth tranche on his death will include his page-a-day diaries, 1963 to date.

This archive is contained in a sequence of boxes labelled ‘Works’. These will be added to in tranche 2, when there will be another sequence of boxes labelled ‘Biographical’.

Overview of Nicholas Hagger’s Works

Principles behind the archive.

This is the first tranche of an Archive of Works, not a Biographical Archive. The archive files reflect the creative process from manuscript stage via successive corrected print-outs to final proofs. The principle is that when a work consists of more than one box the manuscripts are on the top left of Box 1 and the proofs are to the right of the last box. In between are various corrected stages of print-outs from early to late.

This Archive of Works covers all Nicholas Hagger’s published writings to date. The boxes are grouped within three main categories (literature, history, philosophy) and are numbered consecutively Works 1–54. Of these boxes, four are being retained until the end of 2016 as they will be affected by works being published in the course of 2016. Boxes marked R will be retained by the author until the works are completed, and in due course they can be slotted into the numbered sequence. Future works will be added from 55 onwards.

In due course there will be boxes of Biographical material, including letters and papers relating to educational and journalistic work. Boxes in the biographical archive will be grouped under new categories, beginning with Biographical Box 1.

Diaries from 1963 to date and other material will join the archive on Nicholas Hagger’s death.

The completed archive will provide comprehensive coverage of Nicholas Hagger’s works and life. It will offer possibilities that include scholarly annotation of changes to words in poetic lines and critical insights into the creative process of the works and of their handling of source material. It will combine breadth of range across seven disciplines, meticulous ordering of poems and stories in contents order, and extensive cataloguing. It will be a treasure trove for researchers willing to explore innovatory works that reflect the Age and offer a new Universalist vision for a coming Age.

The following will provide a brief overview of the contents of each box, with a number of digitized notes and pages. These digital images have been chosen in such a way as to reflect the full spectrum of the Nicholas Hagger Archive, in topic, form, and stages of composition. A detailed inventory of each box can be found in the full catalogue (see the download link at the top). Please note that the boxes contain hand-written notes, draft versions, full versions, the volume(s) to which the materials are related, as well as audio-files and other materials used in the composition process.

A. Literature

This section consists of (1) Poems, boxes 1–19, (2) Verse Plays, boxes 20–22, (3) Stories, boxes 23–26, (4) Autobiographical, boxes 27–32, and (5) Literary Investigation , box 33.

(1) Poems

Universalist poems in all genres, reconciling natural landscapes, physical beauty, historical roots, personal aspirations, social relationships, political ideals and illusions, spiritual glimpses and metaphysical awareness within a unified universe.

There are 19 boxes of poems and related material. The first five cover Collected Poems, three cover Classical Odes, three cover Overlord and seven cover Armageddon.

A general note on Boxes 1-5, Collected Poems (2006)

These five boxes are organised in accordance with the following principles:

Box 1 Manuscripts of all poems from 1958 to 2005, covering the 30 volumes within Collected Poems and including a green book of manuscript handwriting covering volumes 7 and 9.

Box 2 Print-outs of these poems, some with corrections, some without corrections, including volumes 1–17 (poems from 1958 to 1976/1977), which gathered definitive texts into print-outs at the level of tidy housekeeping.

Box 3 Print-outs of a selection of poems, Selected Poems, A Metaphysical’s Way of Fire, published in 1991, a selection from the poems in Box 1 up to 1990.

Box 4 Print-outs of a collection of poems, Collected Poems, A White Radiance, 1958–1993, published in 1994, which collected all the poems in Box 1 up to 1993; and proofs. This box shows each stage of the appearance of A White Radiance.

Box 5 Print-outs of a new collection of poems, Collected Poems, 1958–2005, published in 2006, which collected all the poems in Box 1 up to 2005.

The organisation of the boxes reflects the cumulative use of the manuscript poems. The same poems have been focused on at different times for selections/collections, most notably in 1976/1977, 1991, 1994 and 2006. There have been print-outs of the same works at different times to accommodate these different groupings. Many print-outs contain corrections and some have manuscript insertions interleaved. Sometimes poems have been reworked, most notably the early elegies of A Pilgrim in the Garden, changed versions of some of which appear in The Fire-Flower.

Box 1

Collected Poems, 1958–2005, volumes 1–30 (2006)

A collection of 1,478 poems by Nicholas Hagger bringing together volumes 1–30 of his poetic work (excluding his 318 classical odes, two poetic epics, Overlord and Armageddon, his 5 verse plays and masque). Collected Poems, 1958–2005 includes the poems in Selected Poems: A Metaphysical’s Way of Fire (1991) and Collected Poems: A White Radiance (1994). Page numbers refer to pages in Collected Poems.

Vol 02. ‘The Expatriate’, lines 84-118, p.15 Page Page

Vol 04. ‘The Silence’, lines 172-191, p.49 Page

Vol 04. ‘The Silence’, lines 262-298, pp.51-52PagePage

Vol 04. ‘The Silence’, lines 623-643, pp.59-60PagePage

Vol 04. ‘The Silence’, lines 808-837, p.64Page

Vol 04. ‘The Silence’, lines 1043-1066, pp.69-70PagePage

Vol 04. ‘The Silence’, lines 1215-1244, pp.73-74PagePage

Vol 04. ‘The Silence’, lines 1316-1347, p.76Page

Vol 05. ‘Archangel’, lines 288-302, pp.93-94PagePage

Vol 05. ‘An Inner Home’, lines 1-31, p.97Page

Vol 06. ‘Old Man in a Circle’, lines 23-47, pp.117-118Page

Vol 06. ‘Old Man in a Circle’, lines 461-480, p.127Page

Vol 06. ‘Old Man in a Circle’, lines 494-513, p.128Page

Vol 07. ‘Orpheus across the Frontier’, p.131Page

Vol 07. 'Ghadames Spring’, pp.138-139PagePage

Vol 07. ‘On the Waterfront’, p.140Page

Vol 07. ‘Journey’s End’, p.147Page

Vol 07. ‘Orpheus-Prometheus in the Blackweir Region of Hell’, p.151Page

Vol 07. ‘Flow: Moon and Sea’, pp.152-153PagePage

Vol 07. ‘Visions: Golden Flower, Celestial Curtain’, p.153Page

Vol 07. ‘Face’, p.166Page

Vol 07. ‘Sunbathing’, p.174Page

Vol 09. ‘The Sun’, pp.196-197PagePage

Vol 09. ‘Ode: Spring’, p.202Page

Vol 12. ‘A Vision near the Gates of Paradise’, p.282Page

Vol 17. ‘Words like Ditches’, p.356Page

Vol 17. ‘Wistful Time-Travellers’ (First Version), p.372Page

Vol 19. ‘A Metaphysical in Marvell’s Garden’, lines 1-22, pp.424-425PagePage

Vol 19. ‘A Crocus in the Churchyard’, lines 49-56, p.426Page

Vol 19. ‘Pear-Ripening House’, lines 1-22, p.430Page

Vol 19. ‘Clouded-Ground Pond’, lines 1-22, p.431Page

Vol 19. ‘The Bride of Time’, lines 1-16, 49-53, p.432Page

Vol 19. ‘Time and Eternity’, lines 13-22, and ‘The Bride of Time’, lines 57-60, 64-68, pp.431-432PagePage

Vol 21. ‘Crack in the Earth’, p.478Page

Vol 21. ‘Wind-Chaser’, p.481Page

Vol 22. ‘Cambridge Ode: Against Materialism’, lines 161-168, p.498Page

Vol 22. ‘Night Visions in Charlestown’, lines 1-16, p.499Page

Vol 22. ‘Sea Force’, p.516Page

Vol 23. ‘Question Mark over the West’, lines 1-30, p.561Page

Vol 23. ‘At Gunwalloe: The Tao’, p.577Page

Vol 28. ‘A Dandelion Clock’, p.773Page

Vol 29. ‘Zeus’s Ass’, lines 1-35, pp.790-791PagePage

Vol 29. ‘Attack on America’, lines 1-16, p.810Page

Vol 29. ‘Attack on America’, lines 625-632, p.818Page

Vol 30. ‘Groans of the Muses’, lines 225-248, pp.842-843PagePage

Vol 30. ‘Epitaph 2, Essex Reared Me’, p.849Page

Vol 30. ‘Authorship Question in a Dumbed-Down Time’, lines 1-48, pp.847-848PagePage

Box 2

Collected Poems, volumes 1–26 (2006)


Box 3

Selected Poems: A Metaphysical's Way of Fire (1991)

First selection of Nicholas Hagger’s poems, not to be confused with the second selection, Selected Poems: Quest for the One (2015, see Box 19). These poems were dictated to a PA and so there are print-outs rather than manuscripts. The dictation was based on manuscripts in volumes 1–24, which are in Box 1.

Box 4

Collected Poems: A White Radiance 1958-1993 (1994)

First collection of Nicholas Hagger’s poems, not to be confused with the second collection, Collected Poems 1958–2005 (2006), see Box 1. These poems were dictated to a PA and so there are print-outs rather than manuscripts. The dictation was based on manuscripts in volumes 1–27, which are in Box 1, and on print-outs (see Box 2 and below).

Box 5

Collected Poems 1958-2005 (2006)

Second collection of Nicholas Hagger’s poems, not to be confused with the first collection, Collected Poems: A White Radiance (1994), see Box 4. These poems were dictated to a PA/copied from the first collection, and so there are print-outs rather than manuscripts. The dictation/copying was based on manuscripts in volumes 1–27, which are in Box 1, and the new manuscripts for volumes 28–30 are also in Box 1, and on print-outs (see Box 2 and below).

Boxes 6-8

Classical Odes, 1994-2005: Poems on England, Europe and a Global Theme, and of Everyday Life in the One (2006)

318 poems, ‘classical odes’ which explore the English historical tradition in relation to the UK’s membership of the European Union. Poems on England’s roots that catch the British transition from nation-state to membership of a regional federal Union. The first sequence of four books of classical odes since Horace. Box 6 contains manuscripts and early print-outs; Box 7 contains print-outs; Box 8 contains proofs. All images below come from Box 6. Page numbers refer to pages in Classical Odes.

Bk 1.1 ‘At Otley: Timber-Framed Tradition’, lines 1-16, p.24Page

Bk 1.1 ‘Pastoral Ode: Landslide, The End of Great Britain’, lines 185-200, 177-184, p.26Page

Bk 2.2 ‘In Byron’s Ithaca’, lines 1-16, p.297Page

Bk 2.2 ‘At Virgil’s Tomb’, lines 1-16, p.318Page

Bk 2.2 ‘At Horace’s Sabine Farm’, lines 1-16, p.356Page

Bk 2.3 ‘In Dante’s Verona’, lines 73-80, 89-96, p.376Page

Bk 2.3 ‘At Catullus’s Sirmione’, lines 57-64, 73-80, p.379Page

Bk 3.1 ‘At Troy VI’, lines 36-48, p.486Page

Bk 4.3 ‘Among Loughton’s Sacred Houses’, lines 129-144, p.766Page

Bk 4.3 ‘At Connaught House’, lines 265-280, p.786Page

Boxes 9-11

Overlord: The Triumph of Light 1944–1945 (1995–1997/2006)

Nicholas Hagger’s first classical poetic epic on the Second World War. Eisenhower hunts down Hitler from D-Day to the Fall of Berlin, watched over by Christ and Satan. As the hero is an American this can be regarded as an American as well as a British epic poem. The first poetic epic in English since Paradise Lost. Overlord first appeared in 4 volumes between 1995 and 1997 (books 1–2, books 3–6, books 7–9, books 10–12) and as a one-volume edition in 2006. (In 1970 Nicholas Hagger discussed with Ezra Pound the epic he saw ahead, which became Overlord.) Box 9 contains manuscripts and early print-outs; Box 10 contains print-outs; Box 11 contains proofs. The images below are taken from Box 9. Page numbers refer to the pages in the one-volume Overlord.

Bk 01, lines 1-19 (Invocation to the Muse Calliope), p.2Page

Bk 01, lines 182-217 (Creation of the universe), p.6Page

Bk 02, lines 502-547 (The seven Hells), p.79Page

Bk 02, lines 2139-2167 (The two forces in the universe, Light and Darkness), pp.115-116PagePage

Bk 02, lines 472-489 (Christ supports Stauffenberg’s bomb plot against Hitler), p.78Page

Bk 02, lines 2040-2072 (Stauffenberg’s execution), p.113Page

Bk 06, lines 1310-1328 (Eisenhower near Versailles, amid Nature), pp.355-356PagePage

Bk 08, lines 1458-1504 (Eisenhower visits Hell like Aeneas), pp.538-539 PagePage

Boxes 12-18

Armageddon: The Triumph of Universal Order, An Epic Poem on The War on Terror and of Holy-War Crusaders (2010)

Nicholas Hagger’s second classical poetic epic on the War on Terror from 11 September 2001 to the inauguration of Obama in 2009. George W. Bush hunts down bin Laden and al-Qaeda until the end of his Presidency, fighting wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, urged on by the élite, watched over by Christ and Satan. Box 12 contains manuscripts and early print-outs; Box 13 contains source material; Box 14 contains source material and cuttings related to Afghanistan and Iraq; Box 15 contains source material and cuttings related to Iraq; Boxes 16-18 contain further source material and cuttings. The images below are taken from Box 12. Page numbers refer to pages in Armageddon.

Bk 01, lines 1-33 (Invocation to Muse), pp.1-2PagePage

Bk 01, lines 1022-1029, 1084-1311 (Bush’s reaction to 9/11 attacks, Bush and the universe), pp.24-30PagePagePagePagePagePagePage

Bk 03, lines 1661-1663, 1740-1834 (Battle of Tora Bora, bin Laden’s escape), pp.130, 132-134PagePagePagePage

Bk 04, lines 1260-1326 (In the first Hell Bush meets his old teacher), pp.169-171PagePagePage

Bk 04, lines 840-910 (How the after-life operates), pp.160-162PagePagePage

Bk 05, lines 1-43 (Invocation to Churchill), p.190Page

Bk 05, lines 735-740, 787-844 (Shock and Awe in Baghdad), pp.206-208PagePage

Bk 06, lines 1215-1259 (Zarqawi beheads Berg), pp.246-247PagePage

Bk 08, lines 609-692 (Execution of Saddam), pp.307-309PagePagePage

Bk 08, lines 693-731 (Satan plans to invade Heaven and ban the Light), pp.309-310PagePage

Bk 12, lines 3496-3550 (Christ visits the poet in his room), pp.566-567 PagePage

Box 19

Selected Poems: Quest for the One (2015)

A selection of Nicholas Hagger’s poetic works, including his poems, classical odes, two poetic epics and five verse plays, presented in two parts ‘Quest for the One’ and ‘Follies and Vices’ (the two aspects of the fundamental theme of world literature outlined in his A New Philosophy of Literature). The poems were copied from previous publications and so there are no manuscripts. The original manuscripts can be found in Boxes 1, 6, 9, 12, 20 and 21.

Life Cycle and Other New Poems (2016)

Volumes 31–34.Two hundred and ten poems by Nicholas Hagger, continuing Collected Poems 1958-2005, which contained volumes 1–30 (see Boxes 1 and 5), including ‘Life Cycle’, poems that reflect harmony with the universe, poems involving international politics and statecraft, poems on adventures in interesting countries.

(2) Verse Plays

Nicholas Hagger’s revival of verse drama in the 1990s: studies of world government during the Second World War (The Warlords, Parts One and Two) , in Cromwell’s time through the funding of the New Model Army from Holland (The Rise of Oliver Cromwell), in Augustus’s time (Ovid Banished) and in our time (The Tragedy of Prince Tudor). Collected Verse Plays (2007) includes The Warlords Parts One and Two (1995, and in the Appendix an abridged version of the two parts, later called Montgomery, 2007); The Tragedy of Prince Tudor (1999), Ovid Banished (2007) and The Rise of Oliver Cromwell (2007).

All the verse plays materials can be found in boxes 20-22. Page numbers refer to pages in Collected Verse Plays.

Box 20

The Warlords: From D-Day to Berlin (1995/2007)

A verse play in two parts with 234 characters, describing Montgomery’s pursuit of the Nazis from D-Day to the fall of Berlin. This appeared in 1995 and is contained within Collected Verse Plays (2007).

pp.38-40 (D-Day)PagePagePage

p.62 (Hitler, the terror of the world)Page

p.68 (Chorus of Auschwitz prisoners)Page

pp.111-112 (Montgomery demoted)PagePage

pp.229-230 (Eisenhower allows Stalin to take Berlin)PagePage

pp.306-307 (Churchill voted out)PagePage

pp.312-313 (The atomic bomb at Hiroshima)PagePage

pp.318-320 (Montgomery marginalised)PagePagePage

Box 21

Various verse plays (1999-2007)

The Rise of Oliver Cromwell: This verse play puts the entire English Civil War on stage and therefore has an epic scope. It follows Oliver Cromwell from 1627 to 1660, and includes the beheading of Charles I.

The Rise of Oliver Cromwell: Act 1, sc 2 (Cromwell on the King), pp.593-594PagePage

The Rise of Oliver Cromwell: Act 1, sc 5 (Cromwell prays), pp.597-598PagePage

The Rise of Oliver Cromwell: Act 4, sc 17 (Charles prepares himself for execution), pp.691-692PagePage

The Rise of Oliver Cromwell: Act 4, sc 19 (Charles’s execution), pp.694-696PagePagePage

Ovid Banished: This verse play tells the story of Ovid from 2/1BC to his death. It covers his banishment by Augustus to Tomis on the Black Sea beyond the frontier of the Roman imperium, where he died.

Ovid Banished: Act 1, sc 2 (Augustus banishes Julia), pp.488-489PagePage

Ovid Banished: Act 1, sc 3 (Ovid on himself), pp.496-497PagePage

Ovid Banished: Act 2, sc 8 (Augustus banishes Ovid), pp.524-525PagePage

Ovid Banished: Act 5, sc 4 (Ovid’s defiance in exile), pp.571-572PagePage

Ovid Banished: Act 5, sc 6 (News of Ovid’s death), pp.574, 578PagePage

The Tragedy of Prince Tudor: A Nightmare: This verse play is set in the future. It describes the fate of the British Crown Prince at the hands of a hostile world government, and explores the difficulties of a nation-state under world rule.

Prince Tudor: Prologue (The Minister of World Culture, AD2100), pp.335-336PagePage

Prince Tudor: Act 1, sc 4 (The Prime Minister and the Queen), pp.346-347PagePage

Prince Tudor: Act 2, sc 1 (The Prince in his garden), pp.356-357PagePage

Prince Tudor: Act 5, sc 2 (The Prince’s defiance), pp.443-444PagePage

Box 22

Collected Verse Plays (2007) including The Warlords, abridged version

This book contains five verse plays by Nicholas Hagger (counting The Warlords Parts 1 and 2 as two verse plays): The Warlords Parts 1 and 2, The Tragedy of Prince Tudor, Ovid Banished and The Rise of Oliver Cromwell; and in an Appendix The Warlords abridged version, for performance in one evening. The Warlords Parts 1 and 2 and The Tragedy of Prince Tudor had appeared in 1995 and 1999 respectively, and were copied from previous publications. The Tragedy of Prince Tudor, Ovid Banished and The Rise of Oliver Cromwell and The Warlords abridged version first appeared in 2007. The manuscripts of The Warlords are in Box 20. The abridgement was taken from a CD of the 1995 edition. The manuscripts of the other verse plays are in Box 21. The items in this box relate to print-outs and accessories of Collected Verse Plays.

(3) Stories

Collected Stories: A Thousand and One Mini-Stories or Verbal Paintings (2007)

A thousand and one very short stories following the fortunes of Philip Rawley over five decades. They show his quest for the One and the follies and vices of some of the many people he encounters. These stories echo The Thousand and One Nights, or Arabian Nights, and reflect the Age. The stories appeared in four volumes, two in 1995 and two in 1999, and Collected Stories (2007) included a fifth volume.

Boxes 23-25 contain manuscript materials relating to the five volumes of Collected Stories. Box 26 contains materials relating to two later volumes, Selected Stories: Follies and Vices of the Elizabethan Age (2015) and Collected Stories, volume 6: The First Dazzling Chill of Winter (2016). Page numbers refer to pages in Collected Stories.

Box 23

Collected Stories, volumes 1 and 2: A Spade Fresh with Mud (1995) and A Smell of Leaves and Summer (1995)

Vol 1 ‘A Spade Fresh With Mud’, p.5Page

Vol 1 ‘A Gun-Runner in Danger’, p.18Page

Vol 1 ‘A Crag and Bursting Stars’, p.24Page

Vol 1 ‘A Scarlet-Robed Bedouin and a Colossus’, p.91Page

Vol 2 ‘A Smell of Leaves and Summer’, pp.174-175PagePage

Vol 2 ‘The Clear, Shining Sunlight of Eternity’, p.265 Page

Box 24

Collected Stories, volumes 3 and 4: Wheeling Bats and a Harvest Moon (1999) and The Warm Glow of the Monastery Courtyard (1999)

Vol 3 ‘Wheeling Bats and a Harvest Moon’, p.372Page

Vol 3 ‘The Sweet, Fresh Mountain Air’, p.444Page

Vol 4 ‘The Warm Glow of the Monastery Courtyard’, p.519Page

Box 25

Collected Stories, volumes 1–5, including volume 5: In the Brilliant Autumn Sunshine (2007)

Vol 5 ‘In the Brilliant Autumn Sunshine’, pp.676, 677PagePage

Vol 5 ‘An Awesome Queen and Umbrella-ed Flunkeys’, pp.862-863PagePage

Vol 5 ‘The Secret of the Desert’, p.912Page

Vol 5 ‘Kingfishers, Crassula and the One’, pp.901-902PagePage

Box 26

Selected Stories: Follies and Vices of the Elizabethan Age (2015)

Eighty-six very short stories selected from volumes 1–5 of Collected Stories, grouped in two parts: ‘Follies and Vices’ and ‘Quest for the One’. They follow the fortunes of Philip Rawley over five decades. They refer to 150 vices, which are listed in a Preface, and present moments in which the universe is perceived as a unity.

Collected Stories, volume 6: The First Dazzling Chill of Winter (2016)

201 short stories about Philip Rawley over a sixth decade.

(4) Autobiographical

Box 27

A Mystic Way: A Spiritual Autobiography (1994)

Early spiritual autobiography showing Nicholas Hagger’s development along the Mystic Way to universal consciousness, and how his poems reflect this development.

A Mystic Way p.167 (Saharan spring)Page

A Mystic Way p.171 (Threatened with execution)Page

A Mystic Way pp.175-176 (Visit to Ezra Pound)PagePage

A Mystic Way p.195 (Day of illumination)Page

Box 28

Awakening to the Light: Diaries, Volume 1, 1958–1967 (1994)

Early diary entries covering Nicholas Hagger’s experience of illumination and early poems. Background to the early poems, catches Nicholas Hagger’s development while he was living in Japan.

Box 29

A View of Epping Forest (2012)

An introduction to the Epping Forest villages Nicholas Hagger grew up in, evoking the spirit of the Forest through its best loved places and wildlife, drawing on local history and his personal experience. Epping Forest is the background to many of his poems and stories, and an Appendix offers a selection of his poems that reflect the Forest. It includes sections on three of his Oak-Tree Group of Schools.

A View of Epping Forest pp.100-105 (Wartime Loughton)PagePagePagePagePagePage

A View of Epping Forest pp.105-109 (The new Oaklands)PagePagePagePagePage

Box 30

My Double Life 1: This Dark Wood, A Journey into Light, Episodes and Pattern in a Writer’s Life (2015)

An account of Nicholas Hagger’s life from 1939 to 1973, including his early development as a poet and writer during his years in Iraq, Japan and Libya, and his four years as a British intelligence agent at the height of the Cold War. This role tore into his personal life and during his inner turmoil he had experiences of the metaphysical Light and came to see the universe as a unity.

Box 31

My Double Life 2: A Rainbow over the Hills A Vision of Unity, Episodes and Pattern in a Writer’s Life (2015)

An account of Nicholas Hagger’s life from 1973 to 2014, during which he acquired three schools, renovated a historic house, developed the new philosophy of Universalism and from his growing vision of unity wrote 2,000 poems, two poetic epics, five verse plays and 1,200 short stories. He had more than 40 books published. There are many lively portraits and he reveals the pattern behind the episodes in his life.

My Double Life 2: A Rainbow over the Hills, pp.3-5 (Reflection on his life))PagePagePage

My Double Life 2: A Rainbow over the Hills, pp.879-882 (The pattern of transformation)PagePagePagePage

Box 32

My Double Life 1: This Dark Wood shared with My Double Life 2: A Rainbow over the Hills

Proofs and indexing.

(5) Literary Investigation

Box 33

A New Philosophy of Literature: The Fundamental Theme and Unity of World Literature, The Vision of the Infinite and the Universalist Literary Tradition (2012)

The Universalist tradition in literature and how it is being revived in our time. The book sets out the fundamental theme of world literature which since 2600BC has had alternating metaphysical and secular aspects: a quest for Reality, and condemnation of social vices. The interplay between these two traditions is tracked from classical times to the present. From time to time Universalists reconcile the two antithetical traditions, as does Nicholas Hagger in his works.

A New Philosophy of Literature pp.352, 348-349 (A new discipline, Universalism)PagePagePage

A New Philosophy of Literature pp.9-10, 294-295 (The quest for Reality, image at Copped Hall)PagePagePagePage

B. History

(1) Historical Views of the Past and the Present

Boxes 34-38

The Fire and the Stones: A Grand Unified Theory of World History and Religion (1991)

The tradition of the metaphysical Light over 5,000 years and how it inspired each of 25 civilizations, which all have 61 parallel stages. Nicholas Hagger presents a statement of historical Universalism in the tradition of Gibbon, Toynbee and Spengler, and offers a Law of History in which civilizations go through rising-and-falling stages. The vision that inspired the civilizations also inspired the beginning of all religions, which are crucial to the development of civilizations, and so the book is also a statement of religious Universalism.

The book began as The Secret Light (1976), then became a trilogy: A River of Light (1978), Oceans of Light and Towards a Globe of Light. It then became The Superman and the Light (later in 1979), then became The Metaman and the Metaphysical Revolution. It then became Journey into Light (1980), then The Sun-Hawk (1981), then The Seeker and the Light (May 1981), then The Inner Light and World Culture (1987), then briefly The Light of the World (1987), before finally becoming The Fire and the Stones (by 1989).

A full checklist of the 12 early/previous versions of The Fire and the Stones is as follows:

There is no sequential manuscript for The Fire and the Stones as the text emerged from the above predecessors, each stage being progressively reused in the next stage. Some of the early versions were typed from notes. Because of the evolutionary nature of the project, typed scripts replaced typed scripts and following revisions A to X a more final version of The Fire and the Stones was produced. Box 34 contains early/previous manuscript/typed versions under different titles; Box 35 contains early typed versions; Box 36 contains revisions, with many corrections and manuscript insertions interleaved; Box 37 contains print-outs; and Box 38 contains proofs.

Box 39

The Light of Civilization: How the Vision of God has Inspired All the Great Civilizations (2006)

A reworking of Part One of The Fire and the Stones, stating the tradition of the Light over 5,000 years. A statement of religious Universalism: all world religions seen in terms of the Light.

Box 40

The Rise and Fall of Civilizations: Why Civilizations Rise and Fall and What Happens When They End (2008)

Nicholas Hagger’s grand unified theory of history and religion treated from a purely historical perspective. A statement of historical Universalism. A reworking and updating of Part Two of The Fire and the Stones. The original title was The Endless Rise and Fall of Civilizations. For the origin of the title, see The Universe and the Light (Box 51), “PF, print-out and manuscript of Appendix 1 on ‘The Rise and Fall of Civilizations’”.

Boxes 41-45

The Secret History of the West: The Influence of Secret Organisations on Western History from the Renaissance to the 20th Century (2005)

The Secret History of the West is a study of all the revolutions in the West from 1453 to the Russian Revolution, and of how secret organisations have influenced Western history. Includes an innovatory four-part dynamic of revolutions.

The Syndicate: The Story of the Coming World Government (2004)

A view of élites’ attempts to intrigue a self-interested world government to the detriment of humankind. The book covers from 1900 to 2004.

The Secret History of the West was first known as Revolutions, then as Revolution. It eventually became The Secret History of the West, volume 1, Utopias and Massacres: Paradise through Revolution from the Renaissance to the Russian Revolution; volume 2, World Peace through War: The Pax Americana and the New World Order – Globalisation through Revolution. It was later known as Revolutions: A Secret History of the West’s Utopias, Revolutions and Massacres; and then as The Secret History of the West: Revolutions and Massacres, 1450–2000. Volume 2 was eventually hived off as The New World Order and Revolution, and was retitled September 11 and the New World Order. Volume 2 became The Secret History of Revolution and was subsequently retitled The Syndicate. What is now The Syndicate was therefore originally conceived as the last part of what is now The Secret History of the West.

Box 41 contains an early version of The Secret History of the West; Box 42 contains print-outs and proofs; Box 43 contains mostly source materials for The Secret History of the West and The Syndicate; Box 44 and 45 contain respectively pre-edited and post-edited versions of The Syndicate. The images below are taken from Box 41.

The Secret History of the West pp.140, 147 (The return of the Jews to England)PagePage

The Secret History of the West pp.453, 456-457 (Stalin’s consolidation)PagePagePage

The Secret History of the West pp.20-21 (Method)PagePage

Box 46

The Secret Founding of America: The Real Story of Freemasons, Puritans and the Battle for the New World (2007)

An account of the Christian and Freemasonic roles in the founding of America and its federal government, and their presence today. Written for the 400th anniversary of the founding of the Jamestown Settlement. (For seven years Nicholas Hagger owned Otley Hall, where the Jamestown Settlement is thought to have been planned.) An Appendix contains the US constitutional documents.

Box 47

The World Government: A Blueprint for a Universal World State (2010)

A philosophical call for a partially supranational world authority above the UN with legal power to abolish war (and control the Syndicate). The structure of a benevolent world government to implement the vision in Kant’s Perpetual Peace. A philosophical statement of historical Universalism that reflects the long tradition of world government as an idea.

The World Government pp.174-176 (Implementing the vision)PagePagePage

The World Government pp.135-136, 144-146 (The structure of the new World State)PagePagePagePagePage

Box 48

The Secret American Dream: The Real Story of Liberty’s Empire and the Rise of a World State, How the Whole World is to Share in the American Dream (2011)

An examination of the seven bouts of expansion in American history, and of a possible eighth bout: the creation of a World State that can abolish war, poverty and disease and spread the American Dream to all humankind. Evidence from Obama’s speeches in his first two years that such a US role is in prospect.

The Secret American Dream pp.xii-xvi (Prologue, America’s crossroads)PagePagePagePagePage

The Secret American Dream pp.192-194 (Seven models for a supranational authority)PagePagePage

The Secret American Dream pp.194-197 (The structure of an ideal World State)PagePagePagePage

The Secret American Dream pp.221, 223-224 (America’s direction)PagePagePage

Box 49

The Secret American Destiny: The Hidden Order of the Universe and the Seven Disciplines of World Culture, Universalism and the Road to World Unity (2016)

The conflict in world culture between the metaphysical and social, reductionist and atheist approaches. How these conflicting approaches in seven disciplines can be reconciled by Universalism to make possible a coming World State, a democratic federal world government.

World State: Introduction to the United Federation of the World, How a Democratically-Elected Government can Replace the UN and bring Peace (2018)

An overview of world states and a call for a democratically-elected partly-federal World State with sufficient authority to abolish war. Nation-states would remain as they are but the United Federation of the World would have authority in seven areas. Its lower house, a World Parliamentary Assembly, would be based in the UN General Assembly building.

World Constitution: Constitution for the United Federation of the World (2018)

A companion volume to World State, a Constitution for a United Federation of the World (UF) in 145 Articles. Includes a list of 26 precedents. How the whole world can be governed to bring universal peace and prosperity.

(2) Eyewitness History

Box 50

The Libyan Revolution: Its Origins and Legacy (2009)

Nicholas Hagger’s experience of the Gaddafi Revolution, of which he was an eyewitness, and an analysis of 40 years of the Libyan Revolution. Written for the 40th anniversary of the 1969 Revolution. An Appendix includes the newspaper articles on Libya he wrote while living in Tripoli.

The Libyan Revolution pp.43-45 (The 1969 coup)PagePagePage

The Last Tourist in Iran: From Persepolis to Nuclear Natanz (2008)

Nicholas Hagger’s travelogue on his visit to Iran in early 2007, aiming to get inside the soul of Iran while researching for Armageddon It was a fraught time internationally, and there were days when he seemed to be the only tourist in Iran. The book reflects Iran’s history and cultural heritage with a poet’s eye.

The Last Tourist in Iran pp.145, 150-152 (Passing the nuclear site at Natanz)PagePagePagePage

The Last Tourist in Iran pp.168-173 (The Hidden Imam’s well) PagePagePagePagePagePage

C. Philosophy

Box 51

The Universe and the Light: A New View of the Universe and Reality (1993)

Essays on the Light in all disciplines (based on Nicholas Hagger’s lecture in Winchester), Universalism, and reductionism and holism. The book argues against the materialist view of human life. An Appendix offers a possible television treatment of Nicholas Hagger’s view of the rise and fall of civilizations.

The Universe and the Light pp.4-5 (Vision of the Fire or Light)PagePage

The Universe and the Light pp.164-166 (Form from Movement Theory, origin of the universe)PagePagePage

The One and the Many: Universalism and the Vision of Unity (1999)

Essays on Universalism and the Metaphysical Revolution, based on articles in magazines and addresses. ‘The One’ refers to metaphysical Reality and ‘the Many’ to the forms within the universe. Nicholas Hagger’s call in this book for a revolution in thought and culture is based on his Aldeburgh lecture.

The One and the Many pp.105-106 (European culture)PagePage

Box 52

The New Philosophy of Universalism: The Infinite and the Law of Order (2009)

A challenge to modern philosophy. Nicholas Hagger presents a scientific approach to the universe, a new metaphysical vision and a new Universalist view of humankind. He reconnects philosophy with Nature and presents a Law of Order that counterbalances a Law of Randomness. The book presents a statement of philosophical Universalism.

The New Philosophy of Universalism pp.97-98 (Six models for the structure of the universe)PagePage

The New Philosophy of Universalism pp.49-51 (The reunification of Western philosophy)PagePagePage

The New Philosophy of Universalism pp.127-131 (The origin of life)PagePagePagePagePage

The New Philosophy of Universalism pp.347, 355-356 (Universalism’s global solutions)PagePagePage

Box 53

The New Philosophy of Universalism shared with Universalist Philosophy Group

Source material.

Box 54

Equipment and Administration

This box contains equipment (e.g. machines) useful to a researcher.

Box 55

Peace for Our Time: A Reflection on War and Peace and a Third World War (2018)

A reflection on war and peace in our time, based on a narrative of events in 2015 and 2016, culminating in the Gusi Peace Prize ceremony and a 15-point Peace Plan for Syria.

Box 56

The Dream of Europa: The Triumph of Peace (2015)

A masque in the tradition of Ben Jonson’s 17th-century masques, celebrating 70 years of European unity from 1945 to 2015. Zeus asks Europa to sort out the chaos and disorder caused by the Second World War, and Europa presides over a growing unification of 28 states with 22 more expected to join.

King Charles The Wise: The Triumph of Universal Peace (2018)

A celebration of the UK’s post-Brexit global destiny. Foresees the birth of a unified world. Minerva, goddess of Wisdom, is sent by Zeus to Prince Charles in Buckingham Palace to communicate the gods’ vision of a coming universal peace.

Visions of England: Poems Selected by the Earl of Burford (2019)

These pre-1999 poems celebrate significant places in England and reveal Nicholas Hagger’s visionary view of the universe as being in the tradition of Blake. Some poems anticipate Brexit.

The Oak Tree and The Branch

Work in progress, new poems with a Brexit theme.